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  1. Family: Bignoniaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Fernandoa Welw. ex Seem.
      1. Fernandoa magnifica Seem.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Type
    Type: Tanzania, Masasi District: Rovuma R., Lake Chidia, Kirk s.n. (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Shrub or small to large tree 2–20 m tall.
    Bark
    Bark brown or grey, rough ( Smith 1311 states smooth), longitudinally fissured, with prominent yellowish white lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves (4–)5–7-jugate, 18–30 cm long, 12–23 cm wide.
    Rachis
    Rachis 5–25 cm long.
    Petiole
    Petiole (1–)2.5–9 cm long.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets ovate to oblong or lanceolate, 3–14(–16) × 2–6 cm (to 19.5 × 8 cm in saplings), broadly cuneate to rounded at the base, entire or less often irregularly toothed to crenulate, attenuate to long acuminate at the apex, glabrous save for the domatia on lower surface; terminal petiolule up to 2.8 cm long but lateral leaflets sessile or almost so.
    Flowers
    Flowers in precocious racemes 6–10 cm long with thick peduncles (4–)5–17(–21) cm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 5–7(–10) cm long, bent round like a walking stick below calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 1.3–2.3 cm long, irregularly 3–5lobed; lobes broadly ovate-triangular, with scattered small glands.
    Corolla
    Corolla orange-red or crimson with yellow throat which is ± crimson-lined, 5–11 cm long, 5-lobed, the lobes unequal, broadly rounded.
    Filaments
    Filaments up to 6.5 cm long, adnate to corolla for up to 8 mm.
    Sporangia
    Thecae 9–12 mm long.
    Staminodes
    Staminode 2.5 mm long.
    Ovary
    Ovary cylindrical, 0.6–1.8 cm long, glabrous.
    Style
    Style 4–8 cm long.
    Stigma
    Stigma lobes elliptic, 2–3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit terete, 33–54 cm long, 1–2 cm wide, spirally twisted and curved.
    Seeds
    Seeds 7–12 mm long, 1.8–3.6 cm wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 10.1–10.8, p. 41.
    Ecology
    Coastal thicket, woodland and Afzelia etc. forest; 5–450 m
    Note
    This has been cultivated as an ornamental in Tanzania (Lushoto District: Amani Lab. Plantation 17, 9 Dec. 1932, Greenway 3299). Diniz’s reference to F. magnifica reaching heights of 30 m probably refers to F. lutea
    Distribution
    Range: Malawi, Mozambique & Mozambique-Zimbabwe border Flora districts: K7 T3 T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Bignoniaceae, M. A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Shrub, simple or many-stemmed from the base, or small tree 2–7.7(12) m. tall (reaching 30 m. outside Flora Zambesiaca area).
    Bark
    Bark brown or greywish, glabrous, rough, longitudinally deeply fissured with prominent elliptic, yellow-whitish lenticles.
    Leaves
    Leaves large, imparipinnate, (4)5–7-jugate; rhachis 5–25 cm.; petiole (1)2.5–9 cm. long, leaflet laminae 3–14(16) x 2–6 cm., lanceolate, ovate to oblong, apex attenuate to longly acuminate, base broadly cuneate to rounded and more or less asymmetric, margins entire or almost so, not so often irregularly toothed to crenulate, undulate with conspicuous reticule on both surfaces, nerves impressed on superior surface, prominent on the inferior one and provided with axillary pubescent domatiae; petiolules of lateral leaflets sessile or almost, of the terminal one reaching 2.8 cm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary racemose cyme, 13–22 cm. long few-flowered, or flowers solitary, produced before the leaves of the year; pedicels 5–7 (10) cm. long, walking-cane shaped.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.3–.3 cm. long, bell-shaped, irregularly 3–5 lobed halfway down, lobes ovate-deltoid, mucronulate, with scattered small glands.
    Corolla
    Corolla 5–9 cm. long, broadly campanulate slightly 2-labiate, lobes more or less rounded and unequal, orange-reddish or crimson, yellow winish streaked at the throat.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, filaments flattened and adnate up to c. 8 mm.; anthers (6)8–11 mm. long, reaching the mouth of the corolla tube, thecae divergent, connective beaked.
    Ovary
    Ovary 6–11 (18) mm. long cylindrical, glabrous; ovules 4–6-seriate in each locule; style 4–6 cm. long, flattened.
    Fruits
    Capsule terete, 33–54 x 1.2 cm., spirally twisted and curved.
    Seeds
    Seeds 7–12 x 18–36 mm. (including wings).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Fernandoa magnifica Seem. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1992 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000430421 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1992 Kassner [83] K000430423
    Jan 1, 1983 Wakefield, T. [s.n.], Kenya K000430422 syntype
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7332], Tanzania 25788.000
    Wakefield, T. [s.n.], Kenya K000430424 syntype

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bot. 8: 280 (1870)

    Accepted by

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Lebrun, J.P. & Stork, A.L. in Lebrun J.-P. & Stork, A.L. (1997). Bignoniaceae Énumération des Plants à Fleurs D'Afrique Tropicale 4: 456-461. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
    • Diniz, M.A. (1990). Bignoniaceae Flora de Moçambique 120: 1-35. Instituto de Investigaçao Científuca Tropical.
    • Diniz, M.A. (1988). 124. Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 61-85. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gentry, A.H. (1975). Studies in Bignoniaceae 17: Kigelianthe: a synonym of Fernandoa (Bignoneaceae) Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique Colonial de Marseille 62: 480-483.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Diniz, M.A. (1990). Bignoniaceae Flora de Moçambique 120: 1-35. Instituto de Investigaçao Científuca Tropical.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • K.B. 49: 385, fig. 1/A–H (1994).
    • K.T.S.L. 590, fig., map (1994)
    • Fl. Moçamb. 120, Bignon.: 28 (1990)
    • F.Z. 8(3): 81, t. 17 (1988) (as “magnificia”)
    • pro parte K.T.S. 59, t. 2 (1961)
    • T.T.C.L.: 70 (1949)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 517 (1906)
    • J.B. 9: 81 (1871)
    • J.B. 8: 280 (1870) (as ‘Ferdinandoa’)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0