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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China to Tropical Asia.
Oroxylum indicum

[FTEA]

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Small tree 5–8(–13) m tall with thick bark and large corky lenticels.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves large, 0.9–1.8 m long, 2–3-pinnate.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets ovate-elliptic, (7–)9–16 × 3–9 cm, long, obtuse to cordate at the base, acuminate at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences on thick branch-like peduncles, persistent, ± 35 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 3–7 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx blackish purple, 3–4.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla deep maroon to reddish purple outside, yellowish or pinkish inside; tube 5–7 cm long, 3 cm wide at throat; lobes obovate, 4–6 × 3–4.5 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit sword-like, 50–75(–100) × 7–9 cm, flat, narrowed to both ends; valves ± woody with mid- and marginal ridges.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds elliptic, ± 6.5 × 3 cm including the very thin membranous wing.
Note
Native of India, Ceylon, Southeast Asia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Known from a single specimen only in the Migombani Gardens, Zanzibar. We have seen no material and do not know if this tree is still extant.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Trinidad-Tobago

Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mar 1, 2012 I Made Maduarta [IMM 129], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734239
Jan 1, 2010 Mohtar et al. [56172], Sarawak K000611205
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6514] Bignonia indica K001124086
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6514] Bignonia indica K001124088
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6514], Myanmar Bignonia indica K001124087
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6514] Bignonia indica K001124085

First published in Forest Fl. Burma 2: 237 (1877)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Santisuk, T. & Vidal, J.E. (1985). Bignoniacées Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 22: 1-72. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Santisuk, T. (1987). Bignoniaceae Flora of Thailand 5(1): 32-66. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Zhang, Z. & Thawatchai, S. (1998). Bignoniaceae Flora of China 18: 213-225. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (1977). Bignoniaceae Flora Malesiana 8(2): 114-186. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Clarke, C.B. in Hooker, J.D. (1885 publ. 1884). Bignoniaceae Flora of British India 4: 376-387.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Santisuk, T. (1987). Bignoniaceae Flora of Thailand 5(1): 32-66. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
  • Zhang, Z. & Thawatchai, S. (1998). Bignoniaceae Flora of China 18: 213-225. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • U.O.P.Z.: 393 (1949).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/