1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Gouinia E.Fourn. ex Benth. & Hook.f.
      1. Gouinia latifolia (Griseb.) Vasey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela to W. South America and N. Argentina.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 100-150 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; antrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface, or pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; erose. Leaf-blades 12-30 cm long; 8-26 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 15-25; borne along a central axis; drooping; unilateral; 3-15 cm long; simple, or secondarily branched. Central inflorescence axis 20-35 cm long. Rhachis angular. Raceme-bases filiform; 10-60 mm long. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-4 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4-5 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-7 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 2-7 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate. Apical sterile lemmas awned.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Swallen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela

    Gouinia latifolia (Griseb.) Vasey appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Argentina K000308757
    Hassler, E. [11683], Paraguay K000308755
    Hassler, E. [11683], Paraguay K000308756
    Hatschbach, G.G. [24288], Brazil K001068259

    First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1: 365 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0