1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Abutilon Mill.
      1. Abutilon sonneratianum (Cav.) Sweet

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrubby perennial 0·5–1·5 (2) m. tall, usually with only one or a few main stems, with a very dense short soft velvety indumentum and additional sparse long white patent hairs (rarely completely absent), less often long-pilose; stems slender, terete or slightly angular when young, tough or wiry, olive-drab to purplish-brown, woody when older, and ultimately covered with a grey to dark brown thin bark densely marked with short longitudinal shallow grooves.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2–7 (10) × 1–5 (7) cm., usually triangular-cordate or ovate-cordate, sometimes somewhat 3-lobed with blunt lobes on either side of the lamina near the middle, apex acuminate, margin ± dentate, crenate or serrate, dark green, brownish-green when dry, dark grey-green or olive-green on upper surface, paler greyish- to light-glaucous-green on the lower surface, venation of lower surface distinct, fine but prominent; petiole lender, terete, with the long patent hairs often only at the very apex, that of lower leaves often longer, that of upper leaves often shorter than the lamina.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow or orange-yellow, solitary in axils on developed branches; pedicels c. 6 cm. (in fruit 10 cm.) long, slender, terete, articulated in the upper 6–12 mm.
    Calyx
    Calyx 8–10 mm. long and 6 mm. in diam. at the throat, greyish to olive-drab, divided to or beyond the middle; lobes 4–10 mm. long, ovate-elliptic, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate-triangular, attenuate-acuminate into an acute tip, median-veined.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 10 mm. long, glabrous except at the base.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube glabrous except at line of fusion with the petals.
    Fruits
    Mericarps 8–15, often 9–11, 10–14 × 7–9 mm., much compressed, papery, subrectangular in outline, with rounded base and nearly horizontal truncate apical edge produced at the dorsal apical angle into a point or subulate awn up to 2 mm. long, the ventral tooth often somewhat upturned at the apex, 3–8 (often 4 or 5)-seeded. Fruit 12–15 × 20 mm., subcylindric-semiglobose, truncate, densely and finely stellate-pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2 × 2 mm., finely verruculose-rugulose, glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Madeira

    Abutilon sonneratianum (Cav.) Sweet appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1967 Teague, A. F. [385], Zimbabwe K000240586 Unknown type material

    First published in Hort. Brit.: 54 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0