Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Large shrub or small tree up to 8 m. tall; outer bark peeling in grey papery strips from the dark green under-bark; both long- and short-shoots spine-tipped, grey with well-marked circular lenticels; exudate very scanty, not aromatic.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves a vivid green, becoming olive-yellowish when old, those on short-shoots simple, those on long-shoots sometimes 3-foliolate with lateral leaflets up to half the size of the central; petiole 1–3 mm., or, in leaves on long-shoots, up to 15 mm. long, usually, like the basal part of the lower surface of the lamina, covered with minute glandular hairs, sometimes with some rather longer non-glandular hairs as well; lamina rather leathery with 5–8 principal lateral veins on each side which form angles of ± 70° with the midrib; ultimate vein network very prominent beneath, the midrib grooved in its basal part, spathulate-obovate, rounded apically, with 10–18 small teeth on each side, up to 55 mm. long and 24 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers dull red, 3–7 together in shortly glandular-pubescent cymes, peduncle, branches and pedicels in all up to 8 mm. long; bracteoles 0.3 mm. long; calyx glandular-pubescent, 1.8 mm. long including 0.7 mm. ovate lobes; petals 4.3 mm. long, recurved at the tip; filaments 3.0 and 1.5 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.5 mm. long.
sex Male
Male flowers dull red, 3–7 together in shortly glandular-pubescent cymes, peduncle, branches and pedicels in all up to 8 mm. long; bracteoles 0.3 mm. long; calyx glandular-pubescent, 1.8 mm. long including 0.7 mm. ovate lobes; petals 4.3 mm. long, recurved at the tip; filaments 3.0 and 1.5 mm., anthers 0.7 and 0.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subsessile, subglobose but slightly pointed, ± 10 × 9.5 × (4 + 6) mm.; pericarp 2-valved, unusually thick (1–2 mm.); pseudaril bright red, 4-armed but the arms wide and may perhaps sometimes coalesce; stone black, markedly rugose, ± 6.5 × 7 × (2.5 + 4) mm.; apical pits large, shield of dehiscence faintly marked; sterile locule humped and dorsally ridged, the stone thus appearing ± triquetrous when viewed from above.
Figures
Fig. 3/17–20, p. 10.
Habitat
Open woodland on rocky slopes and coastal evergreen bushland; 5–950 m.; rainfall 650–950 mm.
Distribution
T5 T6 T8 Z

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Commiphora glandulosa Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 13, 2008 Crawford, F. [61], Namibia K000450357
Jul 1, 1980 Lugard, E.J. [23] K000425396
Jul 21, 1951 Milne-Redhead, , E. [1223], Zambia K000425397
Pole-Evans, I.B. [2595], Botswana K000511044
Pope, G.V. [376], Botswana K000511045
Smith, P.A. [2699], Botswana K000511046
Seiner, F. [103], Botswana K000511047
Smith, P.A. [2521], Botswana K000511049
Hillary [517], Botswana K000511048
Smith, P.A. [788], Botswana K000511051
Chapman [s.n.], Botswana K000511050
Lisowski [64], Congo, DRC Commiphora thermitaria K000199625 Unknown type material
Lisowski [65], Congo, DRC Commiphora thermitaria K000199626

First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 633 (1908)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gillett, J.B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Burseraceae: 1-94.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Brenan in Kew Bulletin 8: 106 (1953).
  • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 298 (1951).
  • Schinz in Bull. Herb. Boiss., sér. 2, 8: 633 (1908).
  • Van der Walt in Bothalia 11: 57, figs. 1–7 (1973)
  • Van der Walt in Flora of Southern Africa 18: 11 (1986).
  • Van der Walt in Mitt. Bot. Staats., München 12: 206, fig. 4 (1975)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/