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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America, Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: French Guiana, Cayenne, Le Blond s.n. (P, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, 40–130 cm high, base rounded, covered by fibres formed from the older leaf-bases, set at the end of a short curving scaly stolon, and emitting new thick stolons.
Morphology Culms
Culms trigonous to triquetrous, 1.7–3.7 mm wide, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath pale green to brownish, 2–12 cm long. Leaves up to 70 cm long. Leaf blade linear, stiff and ascending but curved at the apex, 26–63 cm long, 2.5–7.4 mm wide, apex acuminate, glabrous or sometimes scabrid on the margins, midrib and apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bract 1. Leaf-like, 3–7 cm long, 1–3.5 mm wide, scabrid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence capitate or simple, primary branches 0–5, 1–15.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets in dense globose clusters at the end of the primary branches, at least one cluster sessile, lanceolate, (3–)5–7 mm long, 1.2–2 mm wide, ± 5 glumes per spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes golden brown, elliptic-ovate, 3.2–5.2 mm long, 1.6–2.6 mm wide, apex acute to acuminate, glabrous Glumes 1 and 2 sterile, 3 subtending a bisexual flower and 4 and 5 male flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth of 6 equal bristles, 2.2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3: filaments 4.5–5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1.2–2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style unbranched or minutely 2branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet, brown, obovoid, 2.1–2.5 mm long, 1.2–1.5 mm wide, bordered by thickened rims running into the shoulders, minutely punctuate, crown on top of the nutlet yellowish, lanceolate, 1.3–1.5 mm long
Figures
Fig. 53, p359
Ecology
Permanent swamps and ponds; sea-level up to 1800 m
Conservation
Least Concern (LC) due to its wide distribution and common habitat
Note
" R. holoschoenoides shares the globose shaped spikes with R. rubra subsp. africana, but always has at least some spikes on primary branches. R. rubra always has a capitate inflorescence without any branched spikes.
Distribution
Flora districts: T5 T6 T7 Range: Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Zambia, Botswana, South Africa

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
A generally stout, erect plant often about 1 m. high, but sometimes much dwarfed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
An inflorescence somewhat resembling Scirpus holoschoenus Linn.
Ecology
In marshes, swamps and damp grassland, generally near surface water which may be brackish.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 200 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cape Provinces, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Panamá, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zimbabwe

Rhynchospora holoschoenoides (Rich.) Herter appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1995 Noblick, L.R. [2372], Bahia K000189661
Jan 1, 1995 Noblick, L.R. [2263], Bahia K000189659
Jan 1, 1995 Noblick, L.R. [2265], Bahia K000189660
May 1, 1988 Trail, J.W.H. [1200], Brazil K001179629
Dec 1, 1986 Santos, F.S. [385], Bahia K000189669
Jan 1, 1983 Mori, S.A. [14185a], Bahia K000189673
Jan 1, 1981 Carvalho, A.M. [417], Bahia K000189666
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [10785], Bahia K000189667
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [10947], Bahia K000189665
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [10220], Bahia K000189664
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [11388], Bahia K000189663
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [9900], Bahia K000189662
Jan 1, 1979 Mori, S.A. [9648], Bahia K000189668
Oct 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [19218], Bahia K000189682
Oct 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [18881], Bahia K000189677
Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [17457], Bahia K000189679
Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [17295], Bahia K000189681
Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [15813], Bahia K000189678
Aug 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [17506], Bahia K000189680
Baum, H. [355], Angola K000244816 Unknown type material
Schinz, H. [373], Botswana K000244820
Gardner, G. [1440], Bahia K000189675
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189684 Unknown type material
Poiteau [s.n.], French Guiana K000189929 Unknown type material
s.coll. [6434], Rio de Janeiro K000632461
s.coll. [8], Trinidad & Tobago K000632384
[Balbis] [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K000632383
Sant'Ana, S.C. [135], Bahia K000189670
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189676
Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189674
Sellow, F. [s.n.], Brazil K000189930 syntype
Harley, R.M. [14346], Bahia K000189671
Harley, R.M. [14348A], Bahia K000189672
Chapman, A.W. [s.n.], Florida K001057335
Apr 1, 1889 s.coll. [s.n.], Florida Rhynchospora schoenoides K001057288
Apr 1, 1889 Baldwin, W. [s.n.] Rhynchospora schoenoides K001057287

First published in Revista Sudamer. Bot. 9: 157 (1953)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Strong, M.T. (2006). Taxonomy and distribution of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae) in the Guianas, South America Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 53: 1-225.
  • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 365 (1967).
  • in Revis. Sudamer. Bot. 9: 157 (1953)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Strong, M.T. (2006). Taxonomy and distribution of Rhynchospora (Cyperaceae) in the Guianas, South America Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 53: 1-225.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 314 (1983).
  • Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 9: 157 (1953)

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/