1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Kalanchoe Adans.
      1. Kalanchoe thyrsiflora Harv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    A completely glabrous biennal 0·75-1·30 m. high, succulent ± pulverulent with white, sticky powder.
    Stem
    Stem single, arising from the rosette of leaves of the previous year, simple, erect, stout, terete, up to 2·5 cm. in diameter at the base and ±1·25 cm. in diameter below the inflorescence, smooth, leafless below at flowering time and marked there with the very close scars of fallen leaves.
    Leaves
    Leaves decussate, denser towards the base of the stem, obtuse or rounded at the top, entire, sometimes with pinkish margin, sessile, connate at the base and semi-amplexicaul, slightly decurrent, thick, fleshy, concave on the upper face, somewhat convex on the under one, the lower 7-17·5 x 7-12·5 cm., obovate or obovate-spathulate, the median and the upper ones successively smaller, oblong or spathulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers erect in ± dense axillary erect cymes forming a terminal thyrsoid panicle up to 30 cm. long and ± 8 cm. in diameter; pedicels 6·6-12 mm; long, somewhat thick.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube 1-1·5 mm. high; sepals 3-5·5(7) x 2-2·7 mm., ovate to oblong-lanceolate, acute or nearly obtuse.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube 11·5-15 mm. long and 6-7 mm. in diameter, suburceolate or ovoid-oblong, slightly contracted at the top, terete towards the base, distinctly 4-angular upwards, yellow or glaucous, pale and scarious-papyraceous on drying; corolla-lobes 3·25-5 x 3-4·5 mm., ovate to suborbicular, obtuse or rounded at the top, obsoletely apiculate, golden-yellow on the inner face, reflexed.
    Stamens
    Filaments of the upper (oppositipetalous) stamens 1·5-2 mm. long, inserted 1 mm. below the base of corolla-lobes, those of the lower ones (alternipetalous) c. 1 mm. long, inserted c. 1·5 below the sinuses between the corolla-lobes; anthers 1·3-1·4 mm. long, broadly ovate to subcircular, emarginate at the base, apiculate, those of the upper stamens completely exserted, the others included or their apices slightly above the sinuses of the corolla-lobes.
    Fruits
    Follicles (12·5)13·5-15 mm. long, oblong-lanceolate; styles (1-5)2-5-3 mm., partially exserted.
    Scales
    Scales (1·75)2-3 x (1)1·25-2 mm., rectangular, emarginate.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± 0-3 mm., rounded at the top, longitudinally ribbed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Kalanchoe thyrsiflora Harv. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 2: 380 (1862)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/