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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Calymmanthera Schltr.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Maluku to SW. Pacific.

    [A-EM]
    Distribution

    Calymmanthera is a genus of five (possibly only three) species from the Moluccas, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Fiji.

    Ecology

    Species are epiphytes in forests from 0 to 1700 m.

    General Description

    Epiphytic herbs. Roots terete, not or sparsely branching, glabrous, smooth. Stem patent to pendent, rooting at the base or along most of its length. Leaves conduplicate, articulate, distichous, narrowly oblong to linear; margins entire or crenulate near apex; apex asymmetric or bidentate; leaf-sheaths when young with fimbriate, membranous margin. Inflorescence lateral, solitary or fascicled, racemose or more frequently paniculate, with up to three levels of branching, 10–25-flowered. Flowers resupinate, probably ephemeral, many opening at the same time, quaquaversal, whitish or yellowish. Sepals and petals entire, free, narrow, acuminate. Labellum hinged with the apex of the column foot, not spurred, trilobed, midlobe longer than the lateral lobes, with a callus or pair of calli between lateral lobes. Column terete; column foot shorter than column; anther helmet-shaped, with a hood-like extension over the apex of the column; pollinia four, unequal, separate, subglobose, stipe about as long as the pollinia, oblong to linear, viscidium disc-shaped.

    [A-EM]
    Use

    No uses have been reported for Calymmanthera; it is rare in cultivation.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Fiji, Maluku, New Guinea, Solomon Is.

    Accepted Species

    Other Data

    Calymmanthera Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cruttwell, N.E.G. [693], Papua New Guinea 32838.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 955 (1913)

    Accepted by

    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Aeridinae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0