1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cucumis L.
      1. Cucumis maderaspatanus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Stems to 4 m., hispid, prostrate or scandent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 1–11 × 1–11 cm., narrowly to broadly ovate or triangular in outline, cordate, hastate or sagittate, hispid or scabrid-setulose, especially on the veins, beneath, more shortly so or scabrid-punctate above, unlobed or usually palmately 3(5)-lobed, the lobes usually triangular, entire or remotely and minutely denticulate to coarsely sinuate-denticulate at the margins, the central much the largest, often acuminate, obtuse to acute, apiculate, the lateral shorter and more rounded.
    Petiole
    Petioles 0·5–11·5 cm. long, antrorsely hispid or scabrid.
    Male
    male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels. Receptacle-tube 0·7–1·5 mm. long, obconic-campanulate, densely setulose; lobes 0·5–1 mm. long, lanceolate-subulate. Petals 1·2–1·5 mm. long, yellow.
    Flowers
    Female flowers 5–10 in each fascicle; pedicel c. 1 mm. long; ovary 1·5–2 mm. long, globose, setulose; perianth similar to that of male flower. male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels. Receptacle-tube 0·7–1·5 mm. long, obconic-campanulate, densely setulose; lobes 0·5–1 mm. long, lanceolate-subulate. Petals 1·2–1·5 mm. long, yellow.
    Female
    Female flowers 5–10 in each fascicle; pedicel c. 1 mm. long; ovary 1·5–2 mm. long, globose, setulose; perianth similar to that of male flower.
    Fruits
    Fruits 2–8 in axillary clusters, rarely solitary, 6–11 mm. in diameter, shortly pedicellate, globose, at first green with paler longitudinal markings, when mature bright red, smooth, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3·5 × 2–3 × 1·5–1·7 mm., ovate in outline, rather tumid, verrucose, bordered.
    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Climber or trailer to 2.5 m. from perennial woody rootstock; stems roughly bristly-hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blade sagittate, hastate, triangular, ovate or broadly ovate in outline, often ± cordate, sinuate-toothed and sometimes irregularly dentate-lobulate, scabrid-hairy, 12–113 mm. long, 14–110 mm. broad, unlobed or ± 3(–5)-lobed; middle lobe triangular, broadest below, or sometimes slightly narrowed towards the base, and much the largest; lateral lobes ovate-triangular; petiole rough-hairy, 3–82 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels; receptacle-tube 1–2 mm. long, dark-hairy; lobes triangular-subulate, 0.5–1 mm. long; petals yellow, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. broad. Female flowers 5–10 in separate clusters on 1 mm. long pedicels; ovary green, globose, shortly beaked, bristly with dark forward-pointing hairs, 1.5–3 mm. long, 1.2–2.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 1 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.5–0.8 mm. long; petals ± 1 mm. long and broad.
    Male
    Male flowers on 1–3 mm. long pedicels; receptacle-tube 1–2 mm. long, dark-hairy; lobes triangular-subulate, 0.5–1 mm. long; petals yellow, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1–1.3 mm. broad.
    Female
    Female flowers 5–10 in separate clusters on 1 mm. long pedicels; ovary green, globose, shortly beaked, bristly with dark forward-pointing hairs, 1.5–3 mm. long, 1.2–2.5 mm. across; receptacle-tube 1 mm. long; lobes triangular, 0.5–0.8 mm. long; petals ± 1 mm. long and broad.
    Fruits
    Fruits subsessile in axillary clusters of 1–7, bright scarlet and glabrous, smooth, subglobose, 6–11 mm. in diameter.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovate in outline, bordered, scrobiculate, 4–5.5 × 2–3 × 1.2–1.7 mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 19, p. 116.
    Habitat
    Seasonal swamps, flood-plain and valley grasslands, riverine margins and damper places in woodland and bushland, also a weed of plantations and cultivations; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    tropical Africa and South Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Is., also tropical Asia, Malesia and Australasia K7 T1 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U2 U3 U4 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    China South-Central, China Southeast, Solomon Is., Taiwan

    Common Names

    English
    Rough bryony

    Cucumis maderaspatanus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6708], Myanmar Bryonia scabrella K001124633
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6708], Myanmar Bryonia scabrella K001124634
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124632
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124621
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124622
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124623
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124624
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708], India Bryonia scabrella K001124625
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708], India Bryonia scabrella K001124626
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124627
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124628
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124629
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124630
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6708] Bryonia scabrella K001124631
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7092], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 1749.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9056], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 1750.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [3868], Zambia Mukia maderaspatana 4642.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9856], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 831.000
    Wild, H. [35445], Zimbabwe Mukia maderaspatana 1734.000
    Wild, H. [37187], Zimbabwe Mukia maderaspatana 1736.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3041], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 4999.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1040], Kenya Mukia maderaspatana 5159.000
    Ash [134], Ethiopia Mukia maderaspatana 40083.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2247], Kenya Mukia maderaspatana 830.000
    Bullock, A.A. [2317], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 4654.000
    Bullock, A.A. [2390], Tanzania Mukia maderaspatana 5164.000
    Meikle, R.D. [769], Nigeria Mukia maderaspatana 4641.000
    Ash, J. [1071], Ethiopia Mukia maderaspatana 37798.000
    Faulkner, H. [3082], Zambia Mukia maderaspatana 25803.000
    Quartin-Dillon [208] Mukia maderaspatana K000313443
    Royle, J.F. [s.n.], India Mukia maderaspatana K000742783

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1012 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Rebnner, S.S. & Pandey, A.K. (2013). The Cucurbitaceae of India: Accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences PhytoKeys 20: 53-118.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Mukia maderaspatana.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Rebnner, S.S. & Pandey, A.K. (2013). The Cucurbitaceae of India: Accepted names, synonyms, geographic distribution, and information on images and DNA sequences PhytoKeys 20: 53-118.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Yan, X.L. & Ma, J.S. (2011). Nomenclatural notes on alien invasive vascular plants in China Plant Diversity and Resources 33: 132-142.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • de Wilde, W.J.J.O. & Duyfjes, B.E.E. (2008). Flora of Thailand 9(4): 411-546. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1967). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cucurbitaceae: 1-156.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/