Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical America.

[FTEA]

Eriocaulaceae, Sylvia Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials, usually hairy, hairs frequently glandular
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in a basal rosette, linear to subulate or acicular, woolly in the axils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes usually 3-ribbed; sheaths obliquely slit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitulum scarious, white or brown, pilose to almost glabrous; involucral bracts in several series, glabrous or softly ciliate on the margins, sometimes also on the back, the inner hyaline and subtending flowers; floral bracts absent; receptacle woolly with long hairs surrounding the flowers; flowers trimerous, pedicellate, the pedicels villous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: sepals lanceolate, lightly keeled, connate below the middle into an infundibular tube with free lobes; petals completely connate into a membranous, subtruncate tube; stamens 3, filaments adnate to the inside of the corolla, extended above the corolla-rim and bearing 3 white or yellowish anthers; rudimentary gynoeceum at base of corolla-tube, 3-branched, the branches with swollen glandular tips; after anthesis the filaments collapsing inwards and the corolla-tube closing over the anthers Female flowers: sepals free, otherwise resembling the male; petals delicate, usually pilose, connate near the tips, the clawed bases free, the small free apical lobes incurled; ovary 3-carpellate, the carpels protruding between the free petal-bases, style forming a hollow tube divided at the tip into 3 long stigmatic branches usually with 3 alternating swollen-tipped glandular appendages, these appendages entangling with the incurled petal-tips after anthesis to form a clavate structure
sex Male
Male flowers: sepals lanceolate, lightly keeled, connate below the middle into an infundibular tube with free lobes; petals completely connate into a membranous, subtruncate tube; stamens 3, filaments adnate to the inside of the corolla, extended above the corolla-rim and bearing 3 white or yellowish anthers; rudimentary gynoeceum at base of corolla-tube, 3-branched, the branches with swollen glandular tips; after anthesis the filaments collapsing inwards and the corolla-tube closing over the anthers
sex Female
Female flowers: sepals free, otherwise resembling the male; petals delicate, usually pilose, connate near the tips, the clawed bases free, the small free apical lobes incurled; ovary 3-carpellate, the carpels protruding between the free petal-bases, style forming a hollow tube divided at the tip into 3 long stigmatic branches usually with 3 alternating swollen-tipped glandular appendages, these appendages entangling with the incurled petal-tips after anthesis to form a clavate structure
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds plumply ellipsoid to cylindrical, usually longitudinally white-striate.

Doubtfully present in:

Senegal

Native to:

Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Guinea, Guyana, Madagascar, Malawi, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Suriname, Tanzania, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Syngonanthus Ruhland appears in other Kew resources:

First published in I.Urban, Symb. Antill. 1: 487 (1900)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 30: 242-282 (1903).
  • in Urban, Symb. Antill. 1: 487 (1900)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • H. Hess in Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 65: 185 (1955)
  • Kimpouni, Lejoly & Lisowski in Seyani & Chikuni, Proc. XIII Plenary Meeting AETFAT, Malawi: 567–581 (1994)
  • Meikle in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 3: 67 (1968)
  • Oberm. in F.S.A. 4(2): 19 (1985)
  • S.M. Phillips in K.B. 52: 73–89 (1997)
  • in E.P. 4, 30: 242–279 (1903)
  • in Urban, Symb. Antill. 1: 487 (1900)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0