1. Family: Caryophyllaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Scleranthus L.
      1. Scleranthus annuus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Central Siberia, Medit. to Iran and Arabian Peninsula.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 2650 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Arkansas, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Rhode I., Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, Tennessee, Uruguay, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Scleranthus annuus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000681906
    Jan 1, 1989 s.coll. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000681907
    Jan 1, 1989 s.coll. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000681908
    Taylor, P. [1059], Great Britain K000773039
    Taylor, P. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773106
    Summerhayes, V.S. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773057
    Summerhayes, V.S. [577], Great Britain K000773072
    Summerhayes, V.S. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773078
    Summerhayes, V.S. [225], Great Britain K000773079
    Summerhayes, V.S. [1581], Great Britain K000773120
    Summerhayes, V.S. [2057], Great Britain K000773124
    Sandwith, N.Y. [4829], Great Britain K000773058
    Hubbard, C.E. [9925], Great Britain K000773048
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773063
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773065
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773066
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773074
    Hubbard, C.E. [12424], Great Britain K000773080
    Hubbard, C.E. [12388], Great Britain K000773081
    Hubbard, C.E. [12318], Great Britain K000773082
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773084
    Hubbard, C.E. [12222], Great Britain K000773085
    Hubbard, C.E. [9106], Great Britain K000773097
    Hubbard, C.E. [9106], Great Britain K000773098
    Hubbard, C.E. [9106], Great Britain K000773099
    Hubbard, C.E. [9106], Great Britain K000773103
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773101
    Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773104
    Souster, J. [1126], Great Britain K000773056
    Souster, J. [1454], Great Britain K000773145
    Burtt, B.L. [B 244], Great Britain K000773122
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773052
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773083
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773086
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773087
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773088
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773089
    Turrill, W.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773147
    Lousley, J.E. [16176], Great Britain K000773092
    Ballard, F. [312], Great Britain K000773166
    Sprague, T.A. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773059
    Jackson, A.K. [426], Channel Is. K000773163
    Britton, C.E. [2109], Great Britain K000773060
    Britton, C.E. [650], Great Britain K000773062
    Britton, C.E. [4115], Great Britain K000773069
    Britton, C.E. [4115], Great Britain K000773070
    Lowne, B.T. [61 - 350], Great Britain K000773137
    Lowne, B.T. [61 - 352], Great Britain K000773138
    Jacob, J. [H.1962], Great Britain K000773054
    Horwood, A.R. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773091
    Horwood, A.R. [26], Great Britain K000773094
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773090
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773111
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773112
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773114
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773116
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773115
    Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773144
    Hill, A.W. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773132
    Melville, R. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773093
    Melville, R. [54.5], Great Britain K000773095
    Gilbert, J.L. [G.391], Great Britain K000773107
    Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000681909
    Salisbury, E.J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773076
    Reichenbach, H. G. [514], Great Britain K000773041
    Graham [s.n.], Great Britain K000773038
    Lloyd, G. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773150
    Alexander Prior, R.C. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773073
    Gamble, J.S. [29821], Great Britain K000773049
    Gamble, J.S. [27895], Great Britain K000773051
    McCallum-Webster, M. [3187], Great Britain K000773146
    Riddelsdell, H.J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773109
    Riddelsdell, H.J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773113
    Riddelsdell, H.J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773117
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773071
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773127
    Fraser, J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773128
    Croall, A. [540], Great Britain K000773152
    Croall, A. [540], Great Britain K000773153
    Baenitz, C. [s.n.], Germany K000681868
    Baenitz, C. [s.n.], Norway K000681871
    Clarke, C.B. [47658], Great Britain K000773042
    Clarke, C.B. [49511], Great Britain K000773143
    Macnab, G. [183], Great Britain K000773155
    Salmon, C.E. [s.n.], Channel Is. K000773164
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773053
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773068
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773075
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773123
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000773126
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773129
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773130
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773131
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773140
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773141
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773148
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773149
    s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773151
    s.coll. [s.n.], Channel Is. K000773159
    s.coll. [s.n.], Channel Is. K000773160
    s.coll. [s.n.], Channel Is. K000773161
    Churchill [s.n.], Great Britain K000773139
    Jude, F. [s.n.], France K000681863
    Tauscher [s.n.], Hungary K000681866
    Tauscher, J.A. [s.n.], Hungary K000681867
    Brugger, C.G. [s.n.], Switzerland K000681870
    Stephenson, T. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773040
    B.H. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773043
    Montford, H.M. [578], Great Britain K000773045
    Lester-Garland, L. V. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773046
    R.M. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773047
    Webb, A.E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773055
    Crosfield, A.J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773061
    Milne-Redhead, G. [6524], Great Britain K000773050
    Milne-Redhead, G. [16831683], Great Britain K000773064
    Gambe, J.S. [20067], Great Britain K000773067
    Lloyd, B. [1887], Great Britain K000773077
    Carter, A.H. [1617], Great Britain K000773096
    Metcalfe, E. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773100
    Mann, R.J. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773102
    Hosking, A [s.n.], Great Britain K000773105
    Gilbert, G.L. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773108
    Makins, F.K. [1617], Great Britain K000773110
    J.H.L. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773118
    Dovaston, H.F. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773119
    Gregor, A.G. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773125
    Gregor, A.G. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773167
    Medlin, L.T. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773133
    Medlin, L.T. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773134
    Cobbe [s.n.], Great Britain K000773135
    Vine, R.S. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773136
    Turril, W.B. [3031], Great Britain K000773142
    W.A.B. [s.n.], Great Britain K000773154
    Hepper, F.D. [515], Great Britain K000773156
    Llyod Praeger, R. [s.n.], Northern Ireland K000773157
    Waddell, C.H. [1290], Northern Ireland K000773158
    Williams, L.H. [s.n.], Channel Is. K000773162
    Ballard, J. [141], Channel Is. K000773165
    Waterfall, W.B. [s.n.], Northern Ireland K000773121

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 406 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Smith, P.H. (2012). Rediscovery of Scleranthus annuus subsp. annuus (Annual Knawel) in v.c.59 (South Lancashire) BSBI News 117: 4-6.
    • Veklich,T.N. (2012). Novelties of vascular flora of the Zeyskiy reserve (Amur region) Turczaninowia 15(2): 51-54.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
    • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
    • Rodríguez, R., Grau, J., Baeza, C. & Davies, A. (2008). Lista comentada de las plantas vasculares de los Nevados de Chillan, Chile Gayana. Botánica 65: 153-197.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2005). Flora of North America North of Mexico 5: 1-656. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Siberia 6: 1-301. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1996). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 8: 1-382. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Turrill, W.B. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Caryophyllaceae: 1-38.
    • Korovin, E.P. & Vvedensky, A.I. (eds.) (1953). Flora Uzbekistana 2: 1-547. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Smith, P.H. (2012). Rediscovery of Scleranthus annuus subsp. annuus (Annual Knawel) in v.c.59 (South Lancashire) BSBI News 117: 4-6.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
    • Aistova, E. (2009). Check-list of adventive flora of Amur region Turczaninowia 12(1-2): 17-40.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2005). Flora of North America North of Mexico 5: 1-656. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Siberia 6: 1-301. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Charkevicz, S.S. (ed.) (1996). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 8: 1-382. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
    • Rechinger, K.H., Melzheimer, V., Möschl, W. & Schiman-Czeika, H. (1988). Flora Iranica 163: 1-528. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Turrill, W.B. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Caryophyllaceae: 1-38.
    • Korovin, E.P. & Vvedensky, A.I. (eds.) (1953). Flora Uzbekistana 2: 1-547. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0