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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & Central Europe to Medit. and Iran, Tibet.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 40-120 cm long; 3-4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3-3 mm long; erose. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 5-30 cm long; 2-3(-7) mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; sparsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; dense, or loose; equilateral, or nodding; 6-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending; bearing 1-4 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle branches straight; scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 15-40 mm long; 3-6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 15-40 mm long; 3-6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear; 5-12 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-14 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 10-15 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner on margins; keeled; lightly keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 2-8 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Palea 0.8 length of lemma. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 5-8 mm long; orange, or red. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Caucasus, western Asia, and China. North America: western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, and southeast USA. South America: southern South America. Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
Reference
Bromeae. Acedo 1996.

Doubtfully present in:

Portugal

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Corse, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Palestine, Poland, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Baltic States, Belarus, California, Chile Central, Chile South, Connecticut, Denmark, District of Columbia, Falkland Is., Finland, Idaho, Illinois, Ireland, Kentucky, Korea, Krym, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, North Dakota, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Québec, Sweden, Ukraine, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Bromus erectus Huds. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Marcowicz, B. [160] K000913764
Fay, M.F. [MFF147], United Kingdom Bromopsis erecta K000696428

First published in Fl. Angl.: 89 (1762)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. New York Botanical Garden.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0