1. Family: Osmundaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Osmunda L.
      1. Osmunda regalis L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Medit. and Iran.

    [FZ]

    Osmundaceae, E. A. C. L. E. Schelpe. Flora Zambesiaca. 1970

    Habit
    Rhizome erect to suberect, covered with the persistent winged bases of the stipes, usually embedded in a mass of black fibrous roots and with tufted fronds.
    Leaves
    Fronds erect, with a rufous tomentum when young, becoming glabrous at maturity.
    Leaf lamina
    Lamina 2-pinnate up to 1 m. long, with the fertile pinnae borne in the apical portion, oblong to narrowly oblong in outline, with subopposite pinnae.
    Sterile
    Sterile pinnules up to 6 x 1.5 cm., herbaceous to thinly coriaceous, very narrowly to narrowly oblong, unequally truncate at the base, obtuse to broadly acute, minutely crenulate, petiolate except for adnate pinnules towards the apices of the pinnae.
    Pinnules
    Fertile pinnules up to c. 2.5 x 0.2 cm., linear, petiolate or adnate, bearing groups of sporangia at intervals. Sterile pinnules up to 6 x 1.5 cm., herbaceous to thinly coriaceous, very narrowly to narrowly oblong, unequally truncate at the base, obtuse to broadly acute, minutely crenulate, petiolate except for adnate pinnules towards the apices of the pinnae.
    Fertile
    Fertile pinnules up to c. 2.5 x 0.2 cm., linear, petiolate or adnate, bearing groups of sporangia at intervals.
    [FWTA]

    Osmundaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

    Ecology
    Sea level up to 6, 000 ft. alt.; on rocks in and near streams and lakes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Azores, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Madeira, New Zealand North

    Osmunda regalis L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pyne, C.T. [89], Sierra Leone 18958.000
    Luke, W.R.Q. [7035], Tanzania K000115139
    Bojer [s.n.], Madagascar K000435397
    Lyall [300], Madagascar K000435398
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 51] Osmunda leschenaultii K001109112
    Leschenault de la Tour, J.B. [Cat. no. 51], India Osmunda leschenaultii K001109111

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1065 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florasi (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfi/Nezahat Gökyigit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Tard. in Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 30 (1953).
    • Sim F.S.A. 310, t. 170 (1915)
    • Hook. Syn. Fil. 427 (1868)
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 1065 (1753)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/