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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: South Africa, Natal, Port Edward, Huntley 701 (NU, holo.; BM, BOL, K, L, NBG, PRE, PRU, iso.)
Habit
Perennial, erect or slightly drooping, to 44 cm tall.
Rhizomes
Rhizome woody, usually ± upright in soil, 5 mm wide
Leaves
Leaf bases pale yellow to pale brown, rather spongy.
Leaf sheaths
Sheaths entire, closely investing the flowering stems, soft, spongy, glabrous; blades scarcely developed, not exceeding 3 mm, filiform, glabrous, eventually deciduous
Inflorescences
Inflorescence up to 2.3 cm long, 3.5 cm wide of either 1 sessile spikelet with 1–4 pedicelled spikelets, or a single head of (1–)2–4 sessile spikelets with or without 1–4 additional pedicelled heads or spikelets, variable even on one plant.
Pedicel
Pedicels up to 1 cm long.
Bracts
Bracts 2–4, up to 5 mm long with apices up to 2 mm long.
Spikelets
Spikelets 10–22 mm long, 3–9 mm wide but can eventually attain 3.2 cm in length, compact when young but becoming irregular with age.
Glume
Glumes golden brown, 6.1–8.2 mm long, 3.2–4.3 mm wide, acute, mucronate with 3-veined rounded keel
Stigma
Stigmas 3
Fruits
Nutlets white, broadly obovoid, 1.2–1.4 mm long, 0.8–1.1 mm wide, 3-angled, markedly transversely ribbed and faintly reticulate.
Style
Style base 3-winged.
Ecology
Brachystegia woodland on sand near edge of grassland; 450 m
Distribution
Flora districts: T8 Range: Zambia, South Africa

Native to:

Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Fimbristylis hygrophila Gordon-Gray appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Huntley, K.D. [701], South Africa K000416699 Unknown type material
Huntley, K.D. [701], South Africa K000416700 Unknown type material
Huntley, K.D. [701], South Africa K000416701

First published in J. S. African Bot. 32: 129 (1966)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0