1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Trachoma Garay

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Assam to Pacific.

    [A-EM]
    Distribution

    Trachoma is a genus of 14 species collectively distributed in India, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, and Indochina, eastward through Indonesia to the Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, Niue, Cook Islands, and Austral Islands (including Rapa).

    Ecology

    Species are epiphytes in forests at 0–1800 m.

    General Description

    Epiphytic herbs. Stem leafy. Leaves coriaceous, linear-falcate, distichous. Inflorescence axillary, racemose, rachis distinctly fleshy, few-flowered, flowers borne in small clusters throughout the year. Flowers resupinate, ephemeral. Sepals and petals free, spreading. Sepals slightly longer than petals, similar in shape. Labellum rigidly attached to base of column, laterally compressed, calceoliform, slightly spurred or saccate, interior ecallose, tuberculose or pulvinate-thickened in front. Column lacking a foot; pollinia two, globose, entire or obscurely sulcate, stipe linear, viscidium distinct; stigma suborbicular; rostellum erect, bifid after removal of pollinarium.

    [A-EM]
    Use

    No uses have been reported for Trachoma, but several species are cultivated.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Borneo, Cook Is., Fiji, Jawa, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Philippines, Queensland, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam

    Trachoma Garay appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lamb, A., Malaysia 49331.000

    First published in Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23: 207 (1972)

    Accepted by

    • Chase, M.W., Cameron, K.M., Freudenstein, J.V., Pridgeon, A.M., Salazar, G., van den Berg, C. & Schuiteman, A. (2015). An updated classification of Orchidaceae Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 117: 151-174.
    • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Tuberolabium.]

    Sources

    Aeridinae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0