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This species is accepted, and its native range is Florida to Caribbean, Mexico to Venezuela, Brazil (Fernando de Noronha).

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1500 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Habit
Trepadora, liana
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Type
Type: t. 504 of Andr. in loc. cit. (1808), proposed by Symon in loc. cit. (1981) as iconolectotype, based on a specimen sent by Lord Seaforth from the West Indies.
Habit
Climbing or trailing shrub to 6 m, subglabrous or scarcely pubescent; hairs simple, few-celled, ± curved, usually ± appressed, with tiny glandular ones also Climbing or trailing shrub to 6 m, subglabrous or scarcely pubescent; hairs simple, few-celled, ± curved, usually ± appressed, with tiny glandular ones also.
Branches
Branches ± terete, slender, becoming somewhat woody Branches ± terete, slender, becoming somewhat woody.
Leaves
Leaves solitary; petiole 1–4.5 cm long; lamina membranous, 2.5–14 × 1. 5–10 cm, ovate to sometimes elliptic or obovate in outline, acute to truncate or cordate and somewhat unequal-sided at the base, subglabrous or pubescent at least along the margins and veins, and also with some glandular hairs often present beneath, mostly pinnatilobed to pinnatisect distally and pinnatisect proximally, with (3)5–7(9) lobes or segments, these 0.7–8.4 × 0.2–3.2 cm, the lowest often smaller and the upper ones mostly confluent with the rhachis, ovate to lanceolate, obovate to oblanceolate, elliptic or oblong, basally cuneate, truncate or sub-cordate and ± oblique, broadly attached to shortly stalked, apically obtuse to acute and often ± long-acuminate, entire or undulate, the sinuses broadly rounded to acute Leaves solitary; petiole 1–4.5 cm long; lamina membranous, 2.5–14 × 1.5–10 cm, ovate to sometimes elliptic or obovate in outline, acute to truncate or cordate and somewhat unequal-sided at the base, subglabrous or pubescent at least along the margins and veins, and also with some glandular hairs often present beneath, mostly pinnatilobed to pinnatisect distally and pinnatisect proximally, with (3)5–7(9) lobes or segments, these 0.7–8.4 × 0.2–3.2 cm, the lowest often smaller and the upper ones mostly confluent with the rhachis, ovate to lanceolate, obovate to oblanceolate, elliptic or oblong, basally cuneate, truncate or sub-cordate and ± oblique, broadly attached to shortly stalked, apically obtuse to acute and often ± long-acuminate, entire or undulate, the sinuses broadly rounded to acute.
Inflorescences
Cymes soon displaced laterally, showy, paniculiform or corymbiform, 4.5–17 cm long, ± lax, usually many-flowered, drooping, with the axes glabrous apart from a few glandular hairs; peduncle (0.5)1. 5–4.5(7.5) cm long, elongated to 9 cm in fruit Cymes soon displaced laterally, showy, paniculiform or corymbiform, 4.5–17 cm long, ± lax, usually many-flowered, drooping, with the axes glabrous apart from a few glandular hairs; peduncle (0.5)1.5–4.5(7.5) cm long, elongated to 9 cm in fruit.
Flowers
Flowers ± pendulous. Flowers ± pendulous; pedicels 5–16(19 in fruit) mm long, slender, slightly thickened upwards, abscissing near the base.
Pedicel
Pedicels 5–16(19 in fruit) mm long, slender, slightly thickened upwards, abscissing near the base
Calyx
Calyx green to purplish upwards, 0.7–1. 2 mm long, campanulate or cupular, glabrous or glandular, apically truncate or with umbonate teeth to short, deltate, obtuse lobes tipped with a few hairs, in fruit not splitting at the sinuses Calyx green to purplish upwards, 0.7–1.2 mm long, campanulate or cupular, glabrous or glandular, apically truncate or with umbonate teeth to short, deltate, obtuse lobes tipped with a few hairs, in fruit not splitting at the sinuses.
Corolla
Corolla blue to mauve, purple or lilacineous, elsewhere rarely white, ± deeply stelliform, 12–29 mm across; lobes 5–12 × 2–7 mm, oblong or lanceolate, acutish from a tapering apex, with eglandular hairs along the margins and on the tip Corolla blue to mauve, purple or lilacineous, elsewhere rarely white, ± deeply stelliform, 12–29 mm across; lobes 5–12 × 2–7 mm, oblong or lanceolate, acutish from a tapering apex, with eglandular hairs along the margins and on the tip.
Ovary
Ovary c.  1 mm in diameter, globose or globose-conical, glabrous or with a few glandular hairs.
Style
Style 6–11 mm long, slender, straight but curved at the apex, much exceeding the stamens
Note
Chromosome number: 2n=24
Ecology
Common in tropical and subtropical Africa. Evergreen and riverine forest, thickets, various types of woodland (mainly riparian and miombo), mixed woodland, grassland, hedges and gardens, rocky places; up to 1525 m.
Distribution
Botswana. Zimbabwe Zambia Originally from around the Caribbean from Mexico to Nicaragua and the West Indies, now widely cultivated as a garden ornamental for its showy flowers and brilliant fruits, naturalized in a number of parts of the world. Malawi Mozambique BOT SE, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E ZIM S, MAL C, MAL S, MOZ S, MOZ M
Stamens
Stamen filaments 1.5–3.5 mm long; anthers 2–4 mm long, stout, oblong in outline, not or slightly tapering towards the apex. Stamen filaments 1. 5–3.5 mm long; anthers 2–4 mm long, stout, oblong in outline, not or slightly tapering towards the apex
Pistil
Ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, globose or globose-conical, glabrous or with a few glandular hairs; style 6–11 mm long, slender, straight but curved at the apex, much exceeding the stamens.
Fruits
Fruit bright to deep shiny red, 7–11 mm in diameter, globose to ovoid, finally pulpy, poisonous. Fruit bright to deep shiny red, 7–11 mm in diameter, globose to ovoid, finally pulpy, poisonous
Seeds
Seeds numerous, creamy to reddish-brown, 2.6–4 × 2–3.5 mm, sub-reniform or circular to obovate in outline, appearing hirsute with the remains of cell walls projecting outwards. Seeds numerous, creamy to reddish-brown, 2.6–4 × 2–3.5 mm, sub-reniform or circular to obovate in outline, appearing hirsute with the remains of cell walls projecting outwards
Cytology
Chromosome number: 2n=24.

[FTEA]

Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Type
Type: cultivated in Britain from seed sent from West Indies by Lord Seaforth; no specimens known to exist, lectotype t. 504 of Andrews (1808) designated by Symon (in Journ. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 67 (1981))
Habit
Vine, creeper, or trailing to scrambling shrub reaching 7 m high, climbing by means of twining petioles;
Stem
Stems woody basally, often becoming brittle, light green to brown, sparsely pilose to glabrescent with short eglandular hairs mixed with short glands
Leaves
Leaves alternate to spirally arranged, membranaceous, light green, 4.5–13.5 × 3.3–11 cm, usually partially or completely imparipinnate with 2–4 pairs of lateral leaflets, upper pairs often confluent with rachis, lowers ones often small; leaflets lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 2–5.5 × 1–4 cm, bases cuneate to attenuate, margins entire, apices acute to obtuse, surfaces ± pilose to glabrescent, hairs as on stems when present but denser on rhachides, margins, veins and midribs, sessile or shortly petiolulate (when up to 3 mm long); petioles 1.5–4.5 cm long
Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or leaf-opposed to extra-axillary when lateral, lax, pendent, many-flowered (to 50+) showy panicles or corymbs, 4.5–13.5 × 4–10 cm, often pyramidal; peduncles erect becoming pendent, 1.5–6 cm long; pedicels erect, with basal abscission layer, 7–12 mm long in flower, 12–30 mm long in fruit when swollen beneath calyx; calyx cupulate, shallow, 1–1.5 mm long, glabrous externally; lobes indistinct, shallowly deltate to broadly triangular, obtuse, 0.5–0.6 × 1.2–2 mm with indistinct apical tufts of hairs, becoming shrivelled and reflexed in fruit. Corolla mauve, purple or blue, sometimes with yellow basal star, showy, stellate, 1.4–2.8 cm diameter, tube 0.5–1 mm long, lobes broadly ovate, 5–11 × 3–5.5 mm, with shortly pilose margins and apical tufts of hairs, spreading to reflexed after anthesis exposing erect androecium
Stamens
Stamens usually equal; filaments free for 1.6–4 mm, glabrous; anthers yellow, blue, violet to brown, 2.5–3.5 × 1.5–2 mm, with large apical pores, connivent
Ovary
Ovary brown, 1.3–2 × ± 1.7 mm, glabrous; style coiled or curved above, sometimes straight, 7–9.5 × ± 0.2 mm, glabrous, exserted to 5 mm; stigma globose, inconspicuous, 0.25 × 0.25–0.4 mm. Fruit usually borne erect, red, globose, 6–10 mm diameter, smooth, surrounded basally by small adherent triangular calyx lobes, often deciduous from calyces. Seeds 21–23 per berry, pale yellow to cream, obovoid, elliptic or orbicular, 2.2–3.6 × 1.3–3 mm, usually encircled with distinct rim, densely covered with long silky hair-like strands of thickening; sclerotic granules absent.
Ecology
Semi-deciduous forest, groundwater forest, grassland, farmland, plantations, forest reserves and gardens; 750–1550 m
Note
Commonly known as St Vincent or Brazilian Lilac, Glycine, Italian Jasmine, Seaforth’s Nightshade or Potato Creeper, this species has been cultivated worldwide since its introduction from the West Indies. The berries are reportedly poisonous to poultry, pigs, cattle, sheep and children in Australia, and in Zambia. The leaves sometimes emit an offensive odour when crushed, and the species is commonly spread by birds in Africa, where it has become widely established (cf. White, F.F.N.R.: 377). The punctuation used for the citation of the syntypes of var. disjunctum by Schulz is confusing; none of the syntypes cited has been seen. Schulz (1909) thought this variety occurred in Cuba, Guatemala and Costa Rica. He described the lower leaves in S. seaforthianum sensu stricto as being tri- or bi-jugate with the upper ones being simple or subjugate. His variety disjunctum was differentiated through having both the upper and the lower leaves pinnate. Although most African specimens of this species exhibit the latter feature, leaf morphology in species belonging to the section Dulcamara is notoriously variable and insufficiently reliable to be used as a basis for formal infraspecific recognition.
Distribution
Flora districts: U 1 (fide Bukenya & Carasco, U 1995); K4 K7 T2 T3 T6 Range: Native of the West Indies and C America Range: Now widely cultivated and a common and often naturalised escape in Senegal, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Nigeria, Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa Range: Egypt, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion and the Comoro Islands, Australia, New Guinea

Native to:

Belize, Brazil Northeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Florida, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cyprus, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Ghana, Guyana, Hawaii, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Solanum seaforthianum Andrews appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2012 Philcox, D. [4468], Brazil K000788120
May 1, 2012 Matthew, K.M. [RHT48498], India K000788136
May 1, 2012 Matthew, K.M. [RHT28530], India K000788138
May 1, 2012 Parker, C.S. [s.n.], Guyana K000788121
May 1, 2012 Parker, C.S. [s.n.], Guyana K000788123
May 1, 2012 Cooray, R.G. [7020308R], Sri Lanka K000788142
May 1, 2012 Gandhi, K.N. [HFP2060], India K000788137
May 1, 2012 Raizada, M.B. [20269], India K000788140
May 1, 2012 Maesen, L.J.G. van der [2794], India K000788139
May 1, 2012 Krishnappa, D.G. [368], India K000788141
May 1, 2012 Mansfield, A.L. [s.n.], Guyana K000788122
Mar 1, 2011 Jayasuriya, M. [1936], Sri Lanka K000788146
Feb 1, 2011 Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [1409], Sri Lanka K000788143
Feb 1, 2011 Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [1426], Sri Lanka K000788144
Feb 1, 2011 Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [1385], Sri Lanka K000788145
Feb 1, 2011 Fosberg, F.R. [56368], Sri Lanka K000788148
Feb 1, 2011 Fosberg, F.R. [57171], Sri Lanka K000788149
Feb 1, 2011 Comanor, P.L. [831], Sri Lanka K000788150
Dec 1, 2009 Valeur, E.J. [681], Dominican Republic K000196455
Oct 1, 2009 Sintenis, P. [6292], Puerto Rico K000196449
Oct 1, 2009 Constable, E.F. [4903], Australia K000788560
Nov 1, 2008 Symon, D.E. [4754], Australia K000788553
Jun 1, 2008 Broadway, W.E. [6369], Trinidad & Tobago K000196444
Feb 1, 2008 Donnell Smith, J. [2677], Guatemala K000545375
Feb 1, 2008 Gaumer, G.F. [841], Mexico K000545374
Feb 1, 2008 Moloney, A. [115], Belize K000545373
Feb 1, 2008 Calzada, J.I. [24284], Mexico K000545377
Feb 1, 2008 Yuncker, T.G. [5685], Honduras K000545371
Feb 1, 2008 Heyde, E.T. [DS3821], Guatemala K000545376
Feb 1, 2008 Hassler, É. [11990], Paraguay K000788124
Jan 1, 2007 Sandwith, N.Y. [1674], Trinidad & Tobago K000196443
Jan 1, 2007 Baker, R.E.D. [14848], Trinidad & Tobago K000196447
Jan 1, 2007 Simmonds, N.W. [14479], Trinidad & Tobago K000196441
Jan 1, 2007 Simmonds, N.W. [14479], Trinidad & Tobago K000196446
Jan 1, 2007 Fendler, A. [614], Trinidad & Tobago K000196442
Jan 1, 2007 Ekman, E.L. [H14352], Dominican Republic K000196453
Jan 1, 2007 Walsh, J.J. [s.n.], British Virgin Is. K000196462
Jan 1, 2007 Rev, L.G. [s.n.], St. Vincent & the Grenadines K000196450
Jan 1, 2007 Anderson [s.n.], Trinidad & Tobago K000196445
Jan 1, 2007 Anonymous [s.n.], United Kingdom K000196448
Jan 1, 2007 Hoskin, J. [s.n.], Dominica K000196457
Jul 5, 1905 White, C.T. [12683], Australia K000788554
Jul 5, 1905 Blake, S.T. [3115], Australia K000788557
Jul 5, 1905 Lazarides, M. [4239], Australia K000788555
Jul 5, 1905 Maconochie, J.R. [2729], Australia K000788558
Jul 5, 1905 Longman, H.A. [s.n.], Australia K000788551
Jul 5, 1905 Longman, H.A. [s.n.], Australia K000788552
Jul 5, 1905 Johnson, R.W. [2625], Australia K000788556
Jul 5, 1905 Orchard, A.E. [4678], Australia K000788550
Jul 5, 1905 Snow, N. [7745], Australia K000788549
Jul 5, 1905 Halliday, T.A. [508], Australia K000788559
Jul 5, 1905 Clark, S.J. [1259], Australia K000788561
Jul 5, 1905 Clark, S.J. [1259], Australia K000788562
Jul 4, 1905 Sastre, C. [8297], Guadeloupe K000788339
Jul 4, 1905 Anna, M. [NPGRC396], Tanzania K000788320
Jul 3, 1905 Bally, P.R.O. [6565], Kenya K000658644
Jul 3, 1905 Faulkner, H.G. [656], Tanzania K000658648
Jul 3, 1905 Faulkner, H.G. [656], Tanzania K000658649
Jul 3, 1905 Semsei, S.R. [3487], Tanzania K000658650
Jul 3, 1905 Semsei, S.R. [3487], Tanzania K000658651
Jul 3, 1905 Linder, D.H. [1880], Congo K000658554
Jul 3, 1905 Malaisse, F. [8837], Congo K000658555
Jul 3, 1905 Borhidi, A. [85359], Tanzania K000658646
Jul 3, 1905 Borhidi, A. [85359], Tanzania K000658647
Jul 3, 1905 Mwachala, G. [EW-1203], Kenya K000658643
Jul 3, 1905 Laurent, M. [s.n.], Congo K000658553
Jul 3, 1905 Dubois, J. [109], Congo K000658556
Jul 3, 1905 Ruffo, C.K. [547], Tanzania K000658653
Jul 3, 1905 Van Rensberg, H.J. [495], Tanzania K000658652
Jul 3, 1905 Hira, H. [s.n.], Kenya K000658645
Jul 3, 1905 Atherton, G. [86], Cyprus K000788315
Jul 2, 1905 Gardner, G. [2427], Brazil K000788118
Jul 2, 1905 Gardner, G. [2427], Brazil K000788119
Jun 28, 1905 Harris, W. [11959], Jamaica K000196451
Jun 28, 1905 Harris, W. [11959], Jamaica K000196452
Jun 28, 1905 Combs, R. [35], Cuba K000196456
Jun 8, 1905 Lehmann, F.C. [1012], Costa Rica K000545372
May 31, 1905 Comanor, P.L. [718], Sri Lanka K000788147
Deighton, F.C. [5515], Sierra Leone K001155782
Deighton, F.C. [5515], Sierra Leone K001155783
Robinson, E.A. [2906], Zambia K001158757
Robinson, E.A. [283], Zambia K001158758
Robinson, E.A. [283], Zambia K001158760
Fanshawe, D.B. [4568], Zambia K001158748
Fanshawe, D.B. [10479], Zambia K001158752
Fanshawe, D.B. [1262], Zambia K001158753
Fanshawe, D.B. [7624], Zambia K001158754
Fanshawe, D.B. [7622], Zambia K001158755
Fanshawe, D.B. [7623], Zambia K001158756
Fanshawe, D.B. [F5394], Zambia K001158759
Garrett, H.B.G. [1342], Thailand K001153338
Garrett, H.B.G. [1342], Thailand K001153339
Hinton, G.B. [12255], Mexico K000063962
Angus, A. [1201], Zambia K001158749
Angus, A. [3043], Zambia K001158764
Mitchell, B.L. [25/81], Zambia K001158762
Gledhill, D. [764], Nigeria K001155785
Wright, J.M. [239], Malawi K001158747
Brummitt, R.K. [9524], Malawi K001158746
Raynal, J. [RSNH 16057], Vanuatu K001155348
Green, P.S. [RSNH 1039], Vanuatu K001155347
Chapman, J.D. [9481], Malawi K001158745
Scheepers, J.C. [265], South Africa K001159489
Chew, W.L. [RSNH 389], Vanuatu K001155346
McKee, H.S. [5201], New Caledonia K001155396
Cadet, T. [3690], Reunion K001158970
Biegel, H.M. [1954], Zimbabwe K001158772
Lehmann, F.C. [4711], Ecuador K001165676
Richardson, I.B.K. [4001], Mauritius K001158966
Wild, H. [3136], Zambia K001158765
Zarucchi, J.L. [4057], Colombia K001165679
Brenan, J.P.M. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169976
Brenan, J.P.M. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169977
Brenan, J.P.M. [7778], Zambia K001158763
Ruffo [2164], Tanzania K001158013
Smith, H.H. [1178], Colombia K001165680
Nicholas, A. [2163], South Africa K001159480
Moritz [406] K001165683
Fendler, A. [976], Venezuela K001165681
Steyermark, J.A. [88841], Venezuela K001165682
Parker, R.N. [4198], Zimbabwe K001158761
Werdermann, E. [2391], South Africa K001159486
Strid, A. [2818], Zambia K001158750
Kerenga, K. [LAE77239], Papua New Guinea K001153789
Rodin, R.J. [2585], South Africa K001159484
Winit, K. [707], Thailand K001153340
Bourne [s.n.] K001169982
Bourne [s.n.] K001169983
Schlieben [8274], South Africa K001159482
Schlieben [8274], South Africa K001159483
Simon, B.K. [2142], Zimbabwe K001158770
Dyer, R.A. [s.n.], South Africa K001159487
Barthelat, F. [127], Mayotte K001158973
Bernardi [19874], Taiwan K001169978
Bernardi [14830], Mauritius K001158967
Vahrmeijer, J. [369], South Africa K001159488
Hu, S.Y. [10366], Hong Kong K001169981
Pócs, T. [88166/K], Tanzania K001158012
Müller, T. [5], Zimbabwe K001158775
Ngoni, J.F. [73], Zimbabwe K001158774
Winter, B. de [2768], South Africa K001159485
Rensburg, H.J. van [1598], Zambia K001158767
Buitendag, E. [814], South Africa K001159481
Blackmore, S. [151], Malawi K001158744
Camerik, A.M. [8], Botswana K001158778
Chipunga, L. [136], Zimbabwe K001158773
Takaindisa, H.M. [14], Zimbabwe K001158777
Dinsmore, J.E. [s.n.], Syria K001152181
MacGregor, W.D. [364], Nigeria K001155784
Simwanda, P. [90], Zambia K001158751
Lorence, D.H. [2297], Mauritius K001158968
Miller, O.O. [104], Venezuela K001165687
Valeur, E.J. [681], Dominican Republic K000196454
Florence [11173], French Polynesia K001155565
Tracey, J.A. [44], Colombia K001165677
Füncke [46] K001165684
Chanel, S. [149], Vanuatu K001155344
Chanel, S. [165], Vanuatu K001155345
Kerr, A.F.G. [2092], Thailand K001153341
s.coll [342], Vanuatu K001155343
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169979
s.coll [5823], United Kingdom K001169980
s.coll [236], Guatemala K001169984
s.coll [1345], Zambia K001158766
s.coll [4608], Zimbabwe K001158768
s.coll [5125], Zimbabwe K001158771
s.coll [737] K001158779
s.coll [13047], Venezuela K001165685
André, É.F. [96] K001165675
Chiparawasha, O. [462], Zimbabwe K001158776
Schlieben, H.-.J. [11316], Mayotte K001158972
Pignal, M.M. [1074], Mayotte K001158974
Williams, L.W. [13493], Venezuela K001165686
Herb. Lehmann [K228] K001165678
Onveachusim, H.D. [47234], Nigeria K001155786
Herb Q.V.M. [8909], Zimbabwe K001158769
Cowper, S.G. [17], Mauritius K001158969
Friedman [1603], Madagascar K001158971
Scott-SMith, D.P. [96], South Africa K001159478
McLean, S. [123], South Africa K001159479
Jervis [s.n.], Colombia K001165674
Glaziou [19730], Brazil Solanum prunifolium K001058511
Brenan, J.P.M. [7778], Zambia Solanum seaforthianum var. disjunctum 27156.000
s.coll [H456/66], United Kingdom Solanum seaforthianum var. disjunctum K001169985
s.coll [1] Solanum seaforthianum var. disjunctum K001169986
Ridley [68], Fernando de Noronha Solanum botryophorum K000590078
Ridley [68], Fernando de Noronha Solanum botryophorum K000590079

First published in Bot. Repos. 8: t. 504 (1808)

Accepted by

  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1994). Flora de la Española 6: 1-517. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bot. Reposit. 8: t. 504 (1808)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 56: 177 (1987). TAB. 15.
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 53: 490 (1986).
  • J. Adel. Bot. Gard. 4: 67, fig. 15, 148/Q, 159/Q (1981).
  • Ross, Fl. Natal: 308 (1972).
  • F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 2: 332 (1963).
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 81: 291, 326 (1962).
  • F. White, For. Fl. Northern Rhodesia: 377 (1962).
  • Clark, Victoria Falls Handb.: 155 (1953).
  • T. & H. Durand, Syll. Fl. Congol.: 391 (1909).
  • De Wildeman, Miss. Ém. Laurent 1: 440 (1907).
  • Bot. Repos. 8: t. 504 (1808).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Liogier, A.H. (1994). Flora de la Española 6: 1-517. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.Z. 8(4): 79 (2005).
  • Fl. Egypt, Family 159: 45 (1998)
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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
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Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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