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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Canada to Central & E. U.S.A.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; culms solitary. Butt sheaths herbaceous; not bulbous, or thickened and forming a bulb. Culms erect; 100-150 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 15-30 cm long; 4-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; elliptic; dense; nodding; 15-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation 0.5 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; cartilaginous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 0.5 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Palea 0.9 length of lemma; hyaline; 1 -veined; 1-keeled. Palea keels scaberulous. Rhachilla extension 0.1 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 1; 1.2-1.7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Endosperm liquid.
Distribution
North America: eastern Canada, north-central USA, northeast USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA.
Reference
Aveneae. WDC.

Native to:

Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Cinna arundinacea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Fernald, M.L. [3648], Virginia Cinna arundinacea var. inexpansa K000913490 Unknown type material

First published in Sp. Pl.: 5 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0