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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Asia to S. Russian Far East and Pacific.
Zoysia matrella

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes absent (3), or elongated (6). Stolons absent (5), or present (4). Culms decumbent (1/3), or prostrate (2/3); 1.5-16.25-50 cm long; firm (7), or wiry (2). Lateral branches lacking (1/2), or sparse (1/2), or ample (1/2). Ligule a ciliate membrane (3), or a fringe of hairs (6). Leaf-blades filiform (4), or linear (6), or lanceolate (2); herbaceous (8), or coriaceous (1); stiff (3), or firm (6). Leaf-blade apex muticous (7), or pungent (2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes (8), or comprising only a few spikelets (2); subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (8), or an inflated leaf-sheath (1); exserted (8), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Racemes single (8/8); linear (7/8), or lanceolate (2/8); multilateral (8/8); bearing few fertile spikelets (1/8), or many spikelets (7/8); bearing 3-12 fertile spikelets on each (1/2). Spikelet packing crowded (2/8), or contiguous (5/8), or lax (1/8). Spikelets appressed (1/5), or ascending (4/5); solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear (1/3), or oblong (1/3), or cuneate (1/3); tip widened (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (4), or elliptic (4), or oblong (2), or ovate (2); laterally compressed; 2-3.964-8 mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (4), or elliptic (4), or oblong (2), or ovate (2); laterally compressed; 2-3.964-8 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; reaching apex of florets (1), or exceeding apex of florets (8); firmer than fertile lemma. Upper glume lanceolate (4), or elliptic (3), or oblong (1), or ovate (5); 1-1.116-1.4 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous (1), or coriaceous (8); without keels (8), or 1-keeled (1); 1 -veined (1/5), or 3 -veined (2/5), or 5 -veined (1/5), or 7 -veined (1/5). Upper glume surface smooth (8), or asperulous (1); glabrous (7), or puberulous (2). Upper glume apex entire (8), or erose (1); obtuse (2), or acute (7); muticous, or mucronate (3), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate (2), or elliptic (2), or oblong (6), or ovate (1); hyaline (8), or membranous (1); without keel (8), or keeled (1); 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire (8), or erose (1); emarginate (3/4), or obtuse (1/4); muticous (8), or mucronate (1). Palea present (8), or absent or minute (1); 0.5-0.7-0.9 length of lemma; hyaline (4/8), or membranous (4/8); 0 -veined (2/2); without keels (6/8), or 2-keeled (2/8).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent (1/1). Anthers 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (1/1); ellipsoid (1/1).
Distribution
Africa (1), or Temperate Asia (5), or Tropical Asia (3), or Australasia (4), or Pacific (2), or North America (1), or South America (1).

Native to:

Bangladesh, Borneo, Caroline Is., China North-Central, China Southeast, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Hainan, India, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicobar Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Primorye, Queensland, Solomon Is., South Australia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, Victoria, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Alabama, Bahamas, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, California, Cayman Is., Christmas I., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Ivory Coast, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Maldives, Marquesas, Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Ontario, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Tennessee, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Virginia, West Himalaya

Zoysia Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Neue Schriften Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3: 440 (1801)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0