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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Dracocephalum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere.

    [LKGF]

    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Habit
    Herbs, annual or perennial, or subshrubs, aromatic
    Leaves
    Leaves entire, dentate or pinnatisect
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence thyrsoid, terminal, usually condensed, spike-like or capitate, cymes sessile or peduncles very short
    Bracts
    Bracts entire or lobed, usually aristate, sometimes coloured or leaf-like
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles often similar to bracts but smaller, or subulate, often aristately toothed
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular to campanulate, straight or slightly curved, 2-lipped, 5-lobed (3/2), lobes often aristate, upper lip with lobes equal or median lobe clearly larger than laterals, lower lip with lobes shorter, sinuses between lobes with swollen folds at bas
    Corolla
    Corolla 2-lipped, 5-lobed (2/3), blue to violet, pink or white, posterior lip straight or slightly concave, subentire or bifid, anterior lip with median lobe largest, tube gradually or abruptly widening from base
    Stamens
    Stamens included under posterior corolla-lip, rarely exserted, parallel, thecae pilose or glabrous, divergent at 180°
    Stigma
    Stigma lobes subequal
    Disc
    Disc 4-lobed
    Fruits
    Nutlets ovoid-oblong, weakly trigonous, apically truncate-rounded or slightly flattened, smooth, mucilaginous or not; areole arcuate.
    Note
    2n = 10, 12, 14, 18, 20, 36, 72.  About 70 species.  Three subgenera after Budantzev (1987): Dracocephalum (stamens included, anthers glabrous - 7 sections), Fedtschenkiella (Kudr.) Schischk. (stamens exserted, anthers glabrous), Ruyschiana (Mill.) Briq.
    Ecology
    Usually montane
    Distribution
    Eurasia, Northern Africa (one species), Northern America (one species).
    [LKGF]
    Use
    Some species medicinal, ornamental or bee plants.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alaska, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Arizona, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, East European Russia, East Himalaya, France, Germany, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Labrador, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Poland, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya

    Introduced into:

    Belgium, Canary Is., Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Krym

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Dracocephalum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 594 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Budantzev, Bot. Zhurn. 72, 2: 260-267 (1987), rev.
    • Fedtschenkiella Kudr., Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Uzbekistansk. Fil. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 4: 3 (1941).
    • Dracontocephalium Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 132 (1844).
    • Cephaloma Neck., Elem. Bot. 1: 314 (1790), opus utique oppr.
    • Moldavica Fabr., Enum.: 55 (1759).
    • Ruyschia Fabr., Enum.: 55 (1759).
    • Ruyschiana Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754).
    • Dracocephalum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 594 (1753)

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0