1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Pavonia Cav.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Society Island, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs or shrubs, usually erect.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually petiolate, varying in shape, undivided to palmatipartite, often cordate at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow to white, pink, mauve or reddish, pedicellate or subsessile, solitary or occasionally in terminal subcapitate racemes or spikes.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 5–16 ovate to linear or filiform bracts, free or ± connate, shorter or longer than the calyx.
    Calyx
    Calyx saucer-shaped to campanulate; lobes usually ovate.
    Corolla
    Petals longer than the calyx, sometimes clawed.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube dilated at the base, truncate and 5-toothed at the apex, bearing the free terete filaments on the upper portion (rarely nearly down to the base).
    Carpels
    Carpels 5, 1-ovulate; style-branches terete, usually 10 or occasionally fewer but always more than 5; stigmas capitate, often penicillate.
    Fruits
    Fruit of 5 indehiscent 1-seeded carpels separating from the torus, sometimes ribbed or winged, muticous or awned; pericarp thin or woody.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform; cotyledons folded; endosperm absent.
    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, subshrubs or shrubs, erect or less often procumbent or scrambling.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum usually stellate but simple and glandular hairs often present
    Leaves
    Leaves unlobed to palmately shallowly to very deeply lobed, often toothed; stipules linear to lanceolate
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils or in clusters or heads sometimes ± forming paniculiform, raceme-like or spicate inflorescences; epicalyx bracts 5–16(–19), ovate to linear, free or slightly joined at base; calyx 5-lobed; corolla white, yellow, pink, red or mauve, often with darker centre, longer than calyx
    Stamens
    Staminal tube truncate, bearing numerous free filaments mostly in upper part but often some basal ones with much longer filaments
    Carpels
    Carpels 5, free, 1-ovulate, styles usually 10, sometimes fewer; stigmas capitate
    Fruits
    Fruit a discoid to subglobose schizocarp; mericarps segmentshaped or ± rhomboid or obovoid, glabrous or pubescent, variously reticulate, ribbed or with crests, conical projections or spines or distinctly awned, indehiscent or some thin-walled ones ultimately splitting
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform.
    Note
    Two groups are taxonomically difficult and very different species concepts have been followed by several botanists. I have for the most part followed Vollesen who has extensive field knowledge; Fryxell who began the account for East Africa but was unable to finish it has more conservative concepts explained by notes in the appropriate places. I have followed Ulbrich’s order of species as far as possible. He recognised too many species and infraspecific taxa but his basic arrangement is sound. For an exhaustive account of the genus see Fryxell, Flora Neotropica Monograph 76 (1999) where all aspects of its biology are discussed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bermuda, Georgia, Mexican Pacific Is., Norfolk Is.

    Pavonia Cav. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Taxonomy class of Universidade de Brasilia [1040], Brazil K001217862
    Harley, R.M. [24201], Brazil K001217818
    Harley, R.M. [24351], Brazil K001217819
    Harley, R.M. [54752], Brazil K001217848
    Harley, R.M. [54083], Brazil K001217849
    Harley, R.M. [4455], Brazil K001217854
    Harley, R.M. [14053], Brazil K001217867
    Harley, R.M. [6479], Brazil K001217875
    Philcox, D. [4481], Brazil K001217869
    Mayo, S. [1041], Brazil K001217831
    Rico, L. [1975c], Dominican Republic K000478750
    Santos, T.S. [1173], Brazil K001217823
    Santos, T.S. [946], Brazil K001217824
    Giulietti, A.M. [CFCR 13723], Brazil K001217863
    Giulietti, A.M. [13723], Brazil K001217864
    Giulietti, A.M. [13705], Brazil K001217865
    Giulietti, A.M. [13587], Brazil K001217866
    Giulietti, A.M. [13761], Brazil K001217868
    Giulietti, A.M. [4445], Brazil K001217876
    Ganev, W. [501], Brazil K001217871
    Ganev, W. [501], Brazil K001217872
    Ganev, W. [764], Brazil K001217873
    Ganev, W. [764], Brazil K001217874
    Sano, P.T. [52371], Brazil K001217858
    Sano, P.T. [14580], Brazil K001217859
    Sakuragui, C.M. [15247], Brazil K001217847
    Queiroz, L.P. [4367], Brazil K001217860
    Breteler, F.J. [262], Cameroon K000105030
    Coradin, L. [6053], Brazil K001217850
    Coradin, L. [5760], Brazil K001217852
    Guedes, M.L. [5196], Brazil K001217857
    Lucena, M.F.A. [21], Brazil K001217830
    Silva, L.F. [63], Brazil K001217833
    Inacio, E. [41], Brazil K001217837
    Melo, E. [1158], Brazil K001217843
    Andrade, K. [255], Brazil K001217834
    Figueiredo, L. [171], Brazil K001217835
    Figueiredo, L. [230], Brazil K001217841
    Figueiredo, L.S. [54], Brazil K001217828
    Figueiredo, L.S. [62], Brazil K001217839
    Villarouco, F.M.O. [112], Brazil K001217836
    Stradmann, M.T.S. [668], Brazil K001217842
    França, F. [1304], Brazil K001217861
    Pickersgill, B. [72-23], Brazil K001217822
    Pickersgill, B. [72-94], Brazil K001217851
    Saar, E. [4711], Brazil K001217853
    Laurênio, A. [10], Brazil K001217838
    Gardner, G. [4431], Brazil K001217798
    Gardner, G. [4429], Brazil K001217799
    Gardner, G. [4427], Brazil K001217800
    Gardner, G. [3589], Brazil K001217801
    Gardner, G. [1460], Brazil K001217802
    Gardner, G. [1461], Brazil K001217803
    Gardner, G. [3018], Brazil K001217804
    Gardner, G. [3018], Brazil K001217805
    Gardner, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001217807
    Gardner, G. [1461], Brazil K001217808
    Gardner, G. [1460], Brazil K001217809
    Burchell, W.J. [7873], Brazil K001217810
    Burchell, W.J. [8547-2], Brazil K001217811
    Burchell, W.J. [10035], Brazil K001217812
    Burchell, W.J. [4954], Brazil K001217813
    Burchell, W.J. [6177], Brazil K001217814
    Steward, W.C. [13232], Brazil K001217821
    Atkins, S. [14747], Brazil K001217844
    Atkins, S. [5758], Brazil K001217855
    Atkins, S. [4924], Brazil K001217856
    Tschá, M.C. [769], Brazil K001217829
    Tschá, M.C. [297], Brazil K001217832
    Tschá, M. [393], Brazil K001217840
    Silva, B.R. [1411], Brazil K001217827
    Renvoize, S.A. [3228], Argentina K001217845
    Renvoize, S.A. [3228], Argentina K001217846
    Zappi, D.C. [464], Brazil K001217825
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [10288], Brazil K001217820
    Kirkbride, M.C.G. [1273], Brazil K001217870
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132299
    s.coll. [1348], Brazil K001217815
    s.coll. [1343], Brazil K001217816
    s.coll. [1346], Brazil K001217817
    Grings, M. [840], Brazil K001217806
    Damasceno, R.N. [595], Brazil K001217826

    First published in Diss. 2(App.): 2 (1786)

    Accepted by

    • Cervantes Aceves, N. (1992). La Familia Malvaceae en el Estado de Jalisco, Mexico: 1-393. Editorial Universidad de Guadalajara.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Ulbrich in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 57: 54–184 (1920).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 189
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Ulbr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 57: 54 (1920–21).
    • Diss. 3: 132, t. 45 (1787).
    • Diss. 2, App. 2: [2] (1786)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 224–236 (1995), nom. cons.
    • E.J. 57: 54–184 (1920–21)
    • V.E. 3(2): 380–390 (1921)
    • Diss. 2, App. 2: [2] (1786) & 3: 132, t. 45 (1787)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

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