1. Family: Lophiocarpaceae Doweld & Reveal
    1. Genus: Corbichonia Scop.
      1. Corbichonia decumbens (Forssk.) Exell

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Dry Tropical & S. Africa to India.

    [FZ]

    Molluginaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Erect, procumbent, prostrate or prostrate-ascending annual or short-lived perennial succulent herb up to 50 cm. high, sometimes with woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems branched, often sub-woody at base, sometimes very long, the internodes with narrow ridges decurrent from the petiole bases.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, fleshy; laminas 4–60 × 3–36 mm., oblanceolate-obovate, obovate-spathulate, obovate or orbicular, entire, apex apiculate, base cuneate, glaucous, sometimes turning purple; petiole 1–13 mm. long, winged.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences at first terminal but then overtopped and appearing lateral, up to c. 20 cm. long, few-many-flowered, loose, racemose, with lanceolate, membranous bracts up to 3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, mauve or magenta, shortly pedicellate.
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments C. 4 mm. long in fruit, herbaceous, with white membranous margins, broadly ovate.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes many, petaloid, membranous, fugacious, finally longer than perianth-segments.
    Stamens
    Stamens in 2 whorls.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellowish-green, shining, c. as long as perianth.
    Seeds
    Seeds purplish-black, concentrically ridged, with white aril.
    [FTEA]

    Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

    Habit
    An erect, decumbent or prostrate glabrous annual or short-lived perennial herb up to 45 cm. high.
    Stem
    Stems branched, wiry, often (like the rootstock) subwoody at the base, up to 100 cm. long, the internodes with narrow ridges decurrent from the petiole-bases.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; blade oblanceolate-obovate, obovate-spathulate, or obovate, 4.5–65 mm. long, 2–33 mm. broad, entire, subsucculent, glaucous, apex apiculate, base cuneate; the petiole winged, 1.5–11 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal but overtopped and thus appearing lateral, leaf-opposed, few- to many-flowered, lax, racemiform, 1–17 cm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts lanceolate, membranous, up to 3 mm. long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 2–3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, mauve, magenta or red.
    Calyx
    Sepals herbaceous, green with white membranous margins, broadly ovate, about 4 mm. long in fruit.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes many, petaloid, delicately membranous, fugaceous, at first shorter, then longer than the sepals.
    Stamens
    Stamens many, in 2 rings.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow-green, shining.
    Figures
    Fig. 3, p. 10.
    Habitat
    Open bushland, grassland and also a weed of roadsides and of cultivation, especially on sandy soils; 0–1080 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in drier parts of tropical Asia and Africaintroduced into tropical America K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K7 T2 T3 T4 T6 T8 U1 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, India, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Corbichonia decumbens (Forssk.) Exell appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Faulkner, H. [1589], Tanzania 5007.000
    Peters [8], Mozambique K000232039

    First published in J. Bot. 73: 80 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hauman, Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 104 (1951).
    • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. Anglo-Egypt. Sudan 1: 91, fig. 59 (1950).
    • Exell in Journal of Botany 73: 80 (1935).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/