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  1. Family: Gnetaceae Blume
    1. Genus: Gnetum L.
      1. Gnetum gnemon L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Tibet to W. Pacific.

    [EDGE]

    Forest, F. et al. 2018. Gymnosperms on the EDGE. Scientific Reports 8: 6053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-24365-4.

    Conservation
    Gnetum gnemon is rated as Least Concerned (LC) according to IUCN Red List criteria and has received a EDGE score of -7.69, which places it in position 787 on the EDGE Gymnosperm list. It has a Evolutionary Distinctiveness of 9.11, ranked 307. More information on the EDGE Gymnosperm project here https://www.edgeofexistence.org.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Caroline Is., China South-Central, Fiji, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Santa Cruz Is., Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Tibet, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Cambodia, Thailand

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Other Data

    Gnetum gnemon L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 5, 2005 Corner, J.H. [32541], Samoa K000454272
    Jan 1, 2002 Whitmore, T.C. [8842], Malaysia K000454268
    Jan 1, 2002 Womersley, J. [7088], Papua New Guinea K000496126
    Jan 1, 2002 Hoogland, R.D. [4318], Papua New Guinea K000496127
    Jan 1, 2002 Ng, F.S.P. [5780], Malaysia K000454264
    Jan 1, 2002 Kochummen, K.M. [2189], Malaysia K000454267
    Jan 1, 2002 Kochummen, K.M. [2660], Malaysia K000454269
    Jan 1, 2002 Sidek bin Kiah [302], Malaysia K000454261
    Jan 1, 2002 Noor, M. [37], Malaysia K000454266
    Jan 1, 2002 Vethevelu, P. [25280], Malaysia K000454265
    Jan 1, 2002 Pagi [98716], Malaysia K000454263
    Jan 1, 2002 Gafui, I. [18557], Solomon Is. K000458380
    Jan 1, 2002 Gafui, I. [18638], Solomon Is. K000458381
    Nov 29, 1999 Takeuchi, W. [13758], Papua New Guinea K000454250
    Nov 1, 1997 Takeuchi, W. [10805], Papua New Guinea K000454251
    Sep 15, 1959 Smith, J.W. [79229], Malaysia K000454276
    May 19, 1949 Carrier, C.L. [68010], Malaysia K000454283
    May 19, 1949 Carrier, C.L. [68010], Malaysia K000454284
    Jan 1, 1949 Vidal, S. [1817], Philippines K000496060
    Jan 1, 1949 Vidal, S. [3914], Philippines K000496066
    Jan 1, 1949 Vidal, S. [3904], Philippines K000496067
    Jan 1, 1949 Vidal, S. [3914], Philippines K000496068
    Jan 1, 1949 Elmer, A.D.E. [15426], Philippines K000496052
    Jan 1, 1949 Elmer, A.D.E. [12283], Philippines K000496064
    Jan 1, 1949 Elmer, A.D.E. [15967], Philippines K000496065
    Jan 1, 1949 Cumming [1735], Philippines K000496059
    Jan 1, 1949 Cuming, H. [s.n.], Philippines K000496081
    Jan 1, 1949 Williams, R.S. [113], Philippines K000496058
    Jan 1, 1949 Weber, C. [s.n.], Philippines K000496063
    Aug 18, 1935 Corner, J.H. [29840], Malaysia K000454274
    Aug 17, 1931 Best, G.A. [28202], Singapore K000454273
    23493.000
    29047.504
    Brass, L.J. [27667], Papua New Guinea K000496131
    Whitmore, T.C. [12528], Malaysia K000454271
    Whitmore, T.C. [20552], Malaysia K000454279
    Whitmore, T.C. [12329], Malaysia K000454280
    Whitmore, T.C. [826], Solomon Is. K000458382
    Whitmore, T.C. [2202], Solomon Is. K000458383
    Womersley, J. [3790], Papua New Guinea K000496124
    Streimann, H. [18314], Papua New Guinea K000496125
    Johns, R.J. [47434], Papua New Guinea K000496130
    Cruttwell, N.E.G. [988], Papua New Guinea K000496128
    Foreman, D.B. [48184], Papua New Guinea K000454228
    Foreman, D.B. [45847], Papua New Guinea K000458377
    Foreman, D.B. [45657], Papua New Guinea K000458379
    Madulid, D.A. [6608], Philippines K000496080
    Ng, F.S.P. [779/76], Malaysia K000454292
    Wheatley, J.I. [590], Vanuatu 54963.000
    Curry, P. [1298], Vanuatu K000454221
    Curry, P. [1289], Vanuatu K000454222
    Curry, P. [1298], Vanuatu K000454224
    Curry, P. [41], Vanuatu K000458378
    Castro [22093], Philippines K000496077
    Frodin, D.G. [2407], New Guinea 60072.000
    Lee, B. [44504], Malaysia K000454246
    Eddowes, P.J. [36096], Papua New Guinea K000496129
    Loher, A. [7134], Philippines K000496084
    Hohenacker, R.F. [6008], Malaysia K000454275
    Barnes, P.T. [178], Philippines K000496071
    Whitford, H.N. [1253], Philippines K000496049
    Whitford, H.N. [1036], Philippines K000496050
    Whitford, H.N. [1078], Philippines K000496051
    Curtis, C. [856], Malaysia K000454293
    Borden, T.E. [24037], Philippines K000496055
    Borden, T.E. [11135], Philippines K000496056
    Gaerlan, F.J.M. [10010], Philippines K000496075
    Robinson, C.B. [213], Philippines K000496069
    Galore, M. [73011], Papua New Guinea K000454254
    Stone, B.C. [9629], Malaysia K000454281
    Chan, Y.C. [17594], Malaysia K000454277
    Chan, Y.C. [17594], Malaysia K000454278
    Meyer, R. [2501], Philippines K000496072
    Weber, C.M. [1481], Philippines K000496070
    Loh, H.S. [19196], Malaysia K000454288
    Beer, W.W. [6494], Solomon Is. K000458387
    Vethevelu, P. [25402], Malaysia K000454287
    Fryar, D. [4016], Papua New Guinea K000496123
    Blanco [373], Philippines K000496083
    Mauriasi, R. [12054], Solomon Is. K000458388
    Mauriasi, R. [14395], Solomon Is. K000458390
    Cheng, A.K. [27549], Malaysia K000454285
    Elmer, A.D.E. [7348], Philippines K000496053
    Elmer, A.D.E. [7087], Philippines K000496054
    Elmer, A.D.E. [11003], Philippines K000496082
    Williams, R.S. [505], Philippines K000496085
    Whitmore [5653], Solomon Is. K000458386
    Stone [6846], Philippines K000496079
    Pagi [99289], Malaysia K000454282
    Lovave, M. [146], Papua New Guinea K000454249
    Merrill, E.D. [2516], Philippines K000496073
    Gafui, I. [16946], Solomon Is. K000458389
    Barbon [13018], Philippines K000454247
    Barbon [5889], Philippines K000496074
    Barbon [5744], Philippines K000496076
    Garcia [18350], Philippines K000496078
    s.coll. [2634], Malaysia K000454291
    s.coll. [1281], Malaysia K000454294
    s.coll. [1281], Malaysia K000454295
    Wheatley, J.R.I. [590], Bangladesh K000496132
    Koestermans [351], Indonesia K000454270
    Bremer, B. [1786], Malaysia K000454286
    Budin, A. [68005], Malaysia K000454289
    Husmady, H. [38636], Malaysia K000454290
    Forman, D. [1054], Papua New Guinea K000454301
    Gaufi, I. [18939], Solomon Is. K000458384
    Gaufi, I. [18817], Solomon Is. K000458385
    Palma, V. [s.n.], Philippines K000496062

    Bibliography

    First published in Mant. Pl. 1: 125 (1767)

    Accepted by

    • Fell, D.G. & al. (2015). First record of the Gnetales in Australia: Gnetum gnemon L. (Gnetaceae) on Badu and Mua islands, Torres Strait, Queensland Austrobaileya 9: 421-430.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Wheatley, J.I. (1992). A guide to the common trees of Vanuatu. With lists of their traditional uses & ni-Vanuatu names: 1-308. Department of Forestry, Port Vila.
    • Smith, A.C. (1979). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fell, D.G. & al. (2015). First record of the Gnetales in Australia: Gnetum gnemon L. (Gnetaceae) on Badu and Mua islands, Torres Strait, Queensland Austrobaileya 9: 421-430.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Smith, A.C. (1979). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 1: 1-495. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

    Sources

    EDGE Gymnosperms
    EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0