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This species is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China.
Bambusa balcooa

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 1600-2000 cm long; 75-150 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 40-45 cm long; dark green. Culm-nodes swollen; pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Buds or branches present on lower quarter of culm. Culm-sheaths 25-35 cm long; 1.1 times as long as wide; hairy on margins; truncate at apex; without auricles; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade triangular; 15-20 cm long; pubescent. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; pubescent; hairs white. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty, or lacking; deciduous. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or oblong; 15-30 cm long; 25-50 mm wide; glandular. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade venation with 14-22 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; retrorsely scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-15 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-15 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes several; 0-2 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 6-7 mm long; without keel. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels pubescent. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip with extended connective. Stigmas 3; plumose. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
Distribution
Africa: south. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: northwestern and north-central.
Reference
Bambuseae. Gamble 1995.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Cape Provinces, East Himalaya, Gulf of Guinea Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Trinidad-Tobago

Bambusa balcooa Roxb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Thomson, T. [202], India K000357929 Unknown type material
Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000357931 Unknown type material
Thomson, T. [in Wall. Cat. 5025], India K000357930 Unknown type material
Niyomdham, C. [4194], Thailand K000631619
Herbst [9603], Hawaii K000795299

First published in Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 2: 196 (1832)

Accepted by

  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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