1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chascolytrum Desv.
      1. Chascolytrum subaristatum (Lam.) Desv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Guatemala, W. South America, S. Brazil to S. South America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms erect; 30-60 cm long; 2 -noded. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-3 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 6-25 cm long; 1.5-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib scarcely raised beneath. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted; lanceolate, or elliptic; 2.5-15 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-7 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-11 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets orbicular; laterally compressed; 3.5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.1-0.4 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-11 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets orbicular; laterally compressed; 3.5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 0.1-0.4 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume orbicular; 1.5-3.1 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-7 -veined. Lower glume surface puberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume orbicular; 1.5-3.3 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblate; auriculate at base; 1.8-5 mm long; 1.8-5 mm wide; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; mid-green; keeled; winged on margins; 5 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 0.5-1 mm long overall. Palea orbicular; 1-2.5 mm long; coriaceous; 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; 0.3-0.6 mm long; membranous; truncate. Anthers 1; 0.8-1.1 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; orbicular; 1-1.5 mm long. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Africa: south. Australasia: Australia. North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Mathei 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil South, Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay

    Extinct in:

    Juan Fernández Is.

    Introduced into:

    Cape Provinces, New South Wales

    Chascolytrum subaristatum (Lam.) Desv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Chile Briza subaristata K000433707
    Clayton, W.D. [4363], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077961
    Hatschbach, G. [19871], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077966
    Hatschbach, G. [78132], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077968
    Hatschbach, G. [71634], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077971
    Hatschbach, G. [78330], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077972
    Lindeman, J.C. [2770], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077963
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3712], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077960
    Smith, L.B. [15932], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077969
    Smith, L.B. [13411-A], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077974
    Smith, L.B. [15792], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077975
    Cuming, H. [461], Chile Briza subaristata K000433705
    Cuming, H. [461], Chile Briza subaristata K000433706
    Macrae [s.n.], Chile Briza subaristata K000433814
    Lechler, W. [250], Chile Briza subaristata K000433708
    Archer, W.A. [4332], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077962
    Archer, W.A. [4293], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077967
    Reynolds [79], Chile Briza subaristata K000433815
    Sellow, Brazil Briza subaristata K000433697
    Stuckert, T. [264], Chile Briza subaristata K000433709 isotype
    Reineck, E.M. [s.n.], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077973
    Reineck, E.M. [s.n.], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077976
    Herter, W. [898], Chile Briza subaristata K000433710
    Rambo, B. [s.n.], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077970
    Saito, Y. [1249], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077959
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2938], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077964
    Dombrowski, L.T. [1671], Brazil Briza subaristata K001077965

    First published in Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 190 (1810)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Briza subaristata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Danton, P. & Perrier, C. (2017). Suppressions and additions to the flora of the Juan Fernández archipelago (Chile) Botany Letters 164: 351-360.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0