1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cynosurus L.
      1. Cynosurus peltieri Maire

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Algeria to Tunisia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes elongated. Culms 30-70 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths without keel; smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades flat; 15-30 cm long; 1-2.5 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute; callose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; interrupted; secund; 4-16 cm long; 0.5-1.2 cm wide. Panicle axis angular; scaberulous. Panicle branches puberulous. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; oblong; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; as long as fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 4-7; exserted from glumes; 4-6 mm long; 1-awned; with 1-2.5 mm long awn. Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes smooth.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas; oblong; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; as long as fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 4-7; exserted from glumes; 4-6 mm long; 1-awned; with 1-2.5 mm long awn.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes smooth.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 0.5-1 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; 0.9-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0.5-1 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels scaberulous; adorned above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 0.5-0.6 mm long. Anthers 3; 2.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: north.
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Afr N 1997.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Tunisia

    Cynosurus peltieri Maire appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 155 (1931)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0