1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elymus L.
      1. Elymus ciliaris (Trin.) Tzvelev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to Russian Far East and Temp. E. Asia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary, or caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 30-100 cm long; 1.5-3.5 mm diam.; 3-4 -noded. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-25 cm long; 3-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; ascending; arcuate; bilateral; 10-20 cm long; 8-10 mm wide. Rhachis flattened; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes linear; 10-25 mm long. Rhachis internode tip flat. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 10-22 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1-1.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 10-22 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1-1.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; 0.7-0.9 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex with a unilateral tooth, or dentate; 1-2 -fid; acute, or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-9 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex with a unilateral tooth, or dentate; 1-2 -fid; acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 7-10 mm long; coriaceous; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins ribbed. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex dentate; 1-2 -fid; acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; 10-30 mm long overall. Palea 0.66-0.8 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Koyama 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Inner Mongolia, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Manchuria, Mongolia, Nansei-shoto, Primorye, Taiwan

    Elymus ciliaris (Trin.) Tzvelev appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Komarov, V. L. [s.n.], Kamchatka K000674928

    First published in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 61 (1972)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Jung, M.J. & Chen, C.W. (2013). Elymus L. (Poaceae) in Taiwan and related species in neighbor areas Taiwania 58: 53-60.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jung, M.J. & Chen, C.W. (2013). Elymus L. (Poaceae) in Taiwan and related species in neighbor areas Taiwania 58: 53-60.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0