1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Gigantochloa Kurz ex Munro
      1. Gigantochloa ligulata Gamble

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Thailand to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 600-900 cm long; 20-40 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 20-37 cm long; mid-green, or mid-green and light green; concolorous, or striped; distally pilose (dark brown). Lateral branches dendroid. Buds or branches absent from lower quarter of culm. Culm-sheaths 14-22 cm long; pilose; with dark brown hairs; convex at apex; auriculate; with 1 mm high auricles; glabrous on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 10-20 mm high; lacerate. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; narrower than sheath; indistinctly demarcated from sheath; erect; 10-18 cm long; 40-45 mm wide. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 20-30 mm long; bilobed. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cuneate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.3 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-27 cm long; 37-60 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy abaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in stellate clusters; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; bracts 15 mm long; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet.
    Florets
    Fertile florets increasing in size upwards. Fertile lemma ovate; 9-12 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma hairs dark brown. Lemma apex acute. Palea 5-11 -veined; 2-keeled. Palea keels ciliate; adorned above. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; 6-8 mm long. Filaments united in a tube. Stigmas 1; pubescent. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Holttum 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malaya, Thailand

    Gigantochloa ligulata Gamble appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 20, 2003 Niyomdham, C. [5995], Thailand K000631743
    Nov 20, 2003 Niyomdham, C. [5995], Thailand K000631744
    Nov 20, 2003 Niyomdham, C. [6487], Thailand K000631747
    Nov 20, 2003 Niyomdham, C. [6487], Thailand K000631748
    Nov 20, 2000 Niyomdham, C. [6000], Thailand K000631745
    Nov 20, 2000 Niyomdham, C. [6000], Thailand K000631746
    Jan 1, 1961 Smitinand, T. [6127], Thailand K000631759
    Jan 1, 1961 Smitinand, T. [6127], Thailand K000631760
    Jan 1, 1961 Smitinand, T. [2834], Thailand K000631761
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13589], Thailand K000631082
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13589], Thailand K000631083
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13589], Thailand K000631084
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13589], Thailand K000631085
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13589], Thailand K000631086
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13589], Thailand K000631087
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13589], Thailand K000631088
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7248], Thailand K000631090
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7248], Thailand K000631091
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7248], Thailand K000631092
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7248], Thailand K000631093
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7248], Thailand K000631089
    Kerr, A.F.G. [17070], Thailand K000631094
    Kerr, A.F.G. [17070], Thailand K000631095
    Kerr, A.F.G. [17070], Thailand K000631096
    Kerr, A.F.G. [17070], Thailand K000631097
    Kerr, A.F.G. [17070], Thailand K000631098
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14975], Thailand K000631099
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14975], Thailand K000631100
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14975], Thailand K000631101
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14975], Thailand K000631113
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14975], Thailand K000631114
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14975], Thailand K000631115
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14975], Thailand K000631116
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15816], Thailand K000631102
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15816], Thailand K000631103
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15816], Thailand K000631104
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15816], Thailand K000631105
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15816], Thailand K000631106
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13861], Thailand K000631107
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13861], Thailand K000631108
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13861], Thailand K000631109
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7795], Thailand K000631112
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7795], Thailand K000631110
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7795], Thailand K000631111
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11299], Thailand K000631117
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11299], Thailand K000631118
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11299], Thailand K000631119
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11299], Thailand K000631120
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11299], Thailand K000631121
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11299], Thailand K000631122
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11299], Thailand K000631123
    Sorensen, Th. [761], Thailand K000631757
    Sorensen, Th. [761], Thailand K000631758
    Dransfield, J. [5435], Thailand K000631764
    Wong, K.M. [FRI 32101], Peninsular Malaysia K000795513
    Smitinand, T. [4145], Thailand K000631753
    Smitinand, T. [4145], Thailand K000631754
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1424], Thailand K000631751
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1424], Thailand K000631752
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1419], Thailand K000631767
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1419], Thailand K000631768
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1419], Thailand K000631769
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1419], Thailand K000631770
    Dransfield, S. [SD1424], Thailand K000795516
    Ridley [5597], Malaysia K000290552 isosyntype
    Haniff [3887], Thailand K000631756
    Haniff [2939], Thailand K000631755
    Kloss, C.B. [7054], Thailand K000631771
    Wray, L.Jr. [845], Malaysia K000290550 isosyntype
    Wray, L.Jr. [845], Malaysia K000290551 isosyntype
    Niyomdham [4780], Thailand K000631765
    Niyomdham [4780], Thailand K000631766
    Niyomdham, C. [2669], Thailand K000631749
    Niyomdham, C. [2744], Thailand K000631750
    Dransfield [J.D. 5454], Thailand K000631762
    Dransfield [J.D. 5454], Thailand K000631763
    Yap, S.K. [FRI 28448], Peninsular Malaysia K000795510

    First published in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 7: 67 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0