Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Melica L.
      1. Melica dendroides Lehm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Africa.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 30-60 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades erect; convolute; 2-20 cm long; 1.5-3.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear; secund; 5-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches indistinct the panicle almost racemose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 4-6 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; purple; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 9-12 mm long; 1.2-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 7-10 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets 2-3 in number; barren; in a clump; cuneate. Apical sterile lemmas pilose.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; united; oblong; fleshy; truncate. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Meliceae. Fl S Afr 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, Lesotho

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Melica dendroides Lehm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Nov. Stirp. Pug. 3: 39 (1831)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0