1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Paspalum L.
      1. Paspalum cromyorhizon Trin. ex Döll

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Brazil to NE. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 30-90 cm long; 3 -noded. Culm-nodes pubescent. Leaf-sheaths 8-16 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 15-30 cm long; 3-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2; paired; unilateral; 6-12 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 0 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; flattened; 1-1.2 mm wide; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing abaxial; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; plano-convex; 5-6.5 mm long; 2-3 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic; dorsally compressed; plano-convex; 5-6.5 mm long; 2-3 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex with a unilateral tooth, or dentate; 1-2 -fid; acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 3-5 -veined; wrinkled; pilose; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 4 mm long; indurate; yellow; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Entre Rios 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Brazil South, Uruguay

    Paspalum cromyorhizon Trin. ex Döll appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(2): 74 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0