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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Schizostachyum Nees
      1. Schizostachyum gracile (Kurz ex Munro) Holttum

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Vietnam, Peninsula Malaysia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms arching; 300-400 cm long; 15-20 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; distally pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many. Culm-sheaths pubescent; with appressed hairs; with tawny hairs; auriculate; with 10 mm high auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs; shoulders with 10 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 0.5 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade ovate; erect; 3-4.5 cm long; 15-30 mm wide; pubescent (at base); acuminate. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-20 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts (1-5 tufts); with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafy between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 12-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 8-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex acute. Palea tightly convolute around flower; 10-12 mm long; chartaceous. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Rhachilla extension 6-7 mm long. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; rudimentary.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; ciliate. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3. Ovary with a steeple-like appendage.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp; 20 mm long. Embryo 0.05 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Holttum 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malaya, Vietnam

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Schizostachyum gracile (Kurz ex Munro) Holttum appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 18, 1955 Ridley, H.N. [5601], Peninsular Malaysia K000290734 syntype
    Oct 18, 1955 Wallich, N. [5032], Singapore K000290732 Unknown type material
    Ridley, H.N. [5596], Peninsular Malaysia K000290735 syntype
    Wong, K.M. [FRI 32323], Peninsular Malaysia K000795423
    Wong, K.M. [FRI 28966], Peninsular Malaysia K000795426
    Dransfield, S. [SD 1183], Peninsular Malaysia K000795424
    Wallich, N. [5032], Singapore K000290736 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [5032], Singapore K000290733 Unknown type material
    Wallich, N. [5032], Singapore K000290737 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 11: 206 (1956)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0