1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Moraea Mill.
      1. Moraea carsonii Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sudan to N. Botswana.

    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Plants 20–40 cm high.
    Corms
    Corms 10–15 mm in diameter; tunics of fine to medium, dark-brown fibres.
    Cataphylls
    Cataphylls pale, often broken or fibrous above.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 2(3), longer than the stem but often trailing, 2–5 mm wide, linear, channelled; the lowermost basal or inserted near to well above the ground, the upper 1–2 leaves shorter than the basal leaf; sheathing leaves 2.5–6 cm long, green with dry brown attenuate apices.
    Stem
    Stem erect, usually with 1–2 (several) ascending branches.
    Inflorescences
    Rhipidia few to several, one per branch; spathes green and sometimes flushed with red, becoming dry and brown apically, the inner 3–4(5) cm long, outer c. 1 cm shorter than the inner.
    Flowers
    Flowers blue-violet with white to yellow nectar guides on the outer tepals; outer tepals 18–30 mm long, lanceolate, the limb slightly longer than the claw, spreading at c. 30° below horizontal; inner tepals 17–28 mm long, narrowly lanceolate to nearly linear, the limb also spreading.
    Stamens
    Filaments c. 7.5 mm long, free in the upper third, anthers 4.5–5.5 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3.5–7 mm long, exserted; style branches 8–10 mm long, crests 7–10 mm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 7–9 mm long, globose.
    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants 20-40 cm. high.
    Corms
    Corm 1-1.5 cm. diameter, tunics of fine to medium, dark brown fibres.
    Cataphylls
    Cataphylls pale, often broken or fibrous above.
    Leaves
    Foliage leaves 2(-3), longer than the stem but often trailing, linear, channelled, 2-5 mm. wide, the lowermost basal or inserted shortly to well above the ground, the upper 1-2 leaves shorter than the basal.
    Stem
    Stem erect, usually with 1-2(-several) ascending branches, sheathing leaves 2.5-6 cm. long, green with dry, brown, attenuate apices.
    Inflorescences
    Rhipidia few-several, one per ultimate branch, spathes green and sometimes red-flushed, becoming dry and brown apically, the inner 3-4(-5) cm. long, outer ± 1 cm. shorter than the inner.
    Flowers
    Flowers blue-violet with white to yellow nectar guides on the outer tepals.
    Tepal
    Outer tepals 1.8-3 cm. long, lanceolate, the limb slightly longer than the claw, spreading at ± 30° below horizontal; inner tepals 1.7-2.8 cm. long, narrowly lanceolate to nearly linear, the limb also spreading.
    Stamens
    Filaments ± 7.5 mm. long, free in the upper third; anthers 4.5-5.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary exserted, 3.5-7 mm. long, the style-branches 8-10 mm. long, crests 7-10 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules globose, 7-9 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Growing in open short grassland, often among rocks, or in woodland, sometimes in seasonally wet sites; 1600-2100 m.; flowering December to March
    Distribution
    T4 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Burundi, Malawi, Namibia, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Moraea carsonii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kenya 19049.000
    23540.000
    Rayner, R.W. [545], Kenya 24271.000
    Polhill, R. [411], Kenya 3673.000
    Carson [s.n.], Zambia K000365912 holotype

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 391 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Goldblatt, P. (1996). Iridaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-89.
    • Lebrun J.-P. & Stork, A.L. (1995). Énumération des Plants à Fleurs D'Afrique Tropicale 3: 1-341. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
    • Goldblatt, P. (1993). Flora Zambesiaca: i-iv, 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Goldblatt, P. (1978). Systematics of Moraea (Iridaceae) in Tropical Africa Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 64: 243-295.
    • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: i-viii, 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Geerinck, D (2005). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Iridaceae: 1-102. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Goldblatt, P. (1996). Iridaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-89.
    • Goldblatt, P. (1978). Systematics of Moraea (Iridaceae) in Tropical Africa Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 64: 243-295.
    • Andrews, F.W. (1956). The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: i-viii, 1-579. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Flora Zambesiaca 12(4): 14 (1993).
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 429 (1987).
    • Goldblatt in Ann. Kirstenbosch Bot. Gard. 14: 126 (1986)
    • Goldblatt in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 252 (1977)
    • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 341 (1898).
    • Baker in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1894: 391 (1894)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0