1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Achyrospermum Blume
      1. Achyrospermum axillare E.A.Bruce

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to Uganda.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Achyrospermum, R.M. Polhill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Uganda, Mengo District: near Kampala, Luzira, Liebenberg 772 (K!, holo.)
    Habit
    Shrub or shrubby perennial herb, 1.5–2 m tall
    Stem
    Stem rounded to subquadrangular, appressed-pubescent with retrorse hairs, gradually glabrescent
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; blade elliptic to broadly elliptic, 7–18 × 3–10 cm, coarsely serrate with 20–30 teeth on either side, acuminate, basally cuneate and attenuate, with scattered hairs above, otherwise subglabrous apart from small hairs along veins especially beneath, with 6–8 pairs of ascending lateral veins; petiole 1.5–6 cm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and soon developing on very short shoots, with no more than sterile bracts and a few small leaves, in numerous axils below, shortly pedunculate, strobilate, the conspicuous bracts largely enveloping the flowers; bracts sometimes white, ± 40–80, each subtending 6–8 flowers, broadly elliptic to obovate above, mostly oblate below, 6–9 mm long, shortly acuminate, pubescent and conspicuously ciliate; bracteoles small, linear-oblanceolate, 1–3 mm long; pedicels 1–1.5 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx 5.5–6 mm long, pubescent to pilose; lobes ovate-triangular, 1–2 mm long, slightly acuminate, ciliate
    Corolla
    Corolla white, ± 6 mm long, scarcely exserted from calyx, pubescent distally; posterior lip 1 mm long, emarginate; anterior lip 2.5–3 mm long, the middle lobe spade-shaped, the margins scarcely incurved, ± 1.2 mm long, lateral lobes 0.5–0.6 mm long
    Stamens
    Stamens with posterior filaments ± 1.8 mm long, anterior ones ± 2.5 mm long
    Fruits
    Nutlets dull brown, oblong-ellipsoid, including appendages ± 2.5 × 0.9 mm.
    Ecology
    Rain-forest, swamp forest and riverine forest; 1050–1200 m
    Conservation
    Fairly widely distributed, probably not threatened.
    Distribution
    Range: Sudan (Imatong Mts) Flora districts: U2 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Sudan, Uganda

    Achyrospermum axillare E.A.Bruce appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Loveridge, M.V. [154], Uganda K000467029
    Jan 1, 1981 Friis, I. [709], Sudan K000467034
    Chandler, P. [1692], Uganda K000431000
    Dümmer, R. [2671], Uganda K000467033
    Brown, E. [352], Uganda K000467032
    Brown, E. [207], Uganda K000467031
    Lye, K.A. [Lye 23480], Uganda K000467028
    Lind, E.M. [3164a], Uganda K000430999
    Liebenberg, L. [772], Uganda K000193083 Unknown type material
    Chandler, G. [1692], Uganda K000467030

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1936: 56 (1936)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.B. 1936: 56, fig. 4 (1936).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0