1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Ocimum L.
      1. Ocimum forskoelei Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to Kenya, Angola, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: N Yemen, Hadie and Srd, Forsskål s.n. (BM!, holo.; C, iso.)
    Habit
    Aromatic perennial herb, 15–100 cm tall
    Stem
    Stems rounded-quadrangular, much branched, branches often twiggy, woody at base, with epidermis often tearing in strips below; indumentum of short appressed or retrorse hairs becoming denser on the inflorescence-axis
    Leaves
    Leaves rarely with fascicles of young leaves in axils; blade narrowly ovate or linear, 2–6 × 1–3.5 cm, entire or shallowly serrate, apex acute or obtuse, base cuneate, with all over indumentum of short, appressed hairs or with hairs restricted to veins beneath, glandular-punctate; petiole 3–18 mm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lax, verticils 8–12 mm apart; bracts green or reddish-mauve, erect above forming a small apical coma or not, deciduous or not, petiolate, elliptical, acute at tip, 3–7 mm long, ± 3 mm broad, densely pubescent; pedicels ± 3 mm long, ± erect, slightly flattened and curved
    Calyx
    Calyx ± downward-pointing, 4 mm long at anthesis, indumentum of tube hoary or densely pubescent, hairs often pinkish, posterior lip ± glabrous, anterior lip pubescent, gland-dotted, interior with a dense ring of hairs at throat; posterior lip rounded at tip, decurrent, median teeth of anterior lip lanceolate, acuminate, lateral lobes deltate, cuspidate; fruiting calyx 6–8 mm long, throat open, posterior lip accrescent, wider at tip, decurrent, median and lateral teeth of anterior lip ± convergent
    Corolla
    Corolla off-white, white marked with purple or pale pink, 6–10 mm long; tube straight, funnel-shaped, 1.5–2 times longer than calyx tube
    Stamens
    Stamens exserted 3–6 mm, posterior with a large, fleshy, flattened, ± glabrous outgrowth near base
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous
    Fruits
    Nutlets grey-black, ovoid, 1.5 mm long, smooth, mucilaginous when wet.
    Ecology
    Acacia-Commiphora bushland and dry scrub; 100–1350 m
    Conservation
    Least concern
    Note
    Some material from the Mandera area and from Turkana agrees with material from Ethiopia attributed to O. stirbeyi in having narrow folded leaves and a tendency to have clusters of smaller leaves in the axils. This form seems to intergrade with the more common form of the species.
    Distribution
    Range: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman Flora districts: K1 K4 K7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

    Ocimum forskoelei Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1992 Schimper [1599], Ethiopia K000347083 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1992 Quartin-Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia K000347081 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1992 Quartin-Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia K000347082 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1992 Kotschy [263], Sudan K000347079 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1992 Cole, E. [s.n.], Somalia K000347080 Unknown type material
    Mathew, B. [6797], Kenya Ocimum staminosum 6049.220

    First published in Labiat. Gen. Spec.: 6 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Nyffeler, R. (2013). August Wulfhorst (1861-1936) and his overlooked contributions on the flora of Angola Candollea 68: 123-131.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 5: 571 (2006)
    • Fl. Somalia 3: 337 (2006).
    • Holm & Hiltunen, Ocimum: 25 (1999)
    • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 296 (1994)
    • K.B. 47: 427 (1992)
    • K.B. 37: 597 (1983)
    • Gen. Sp. Lab.: 6 (1832)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0