1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Genus: Plectranthus L'Hér.
      1. Plectranthus candelabriformis Launert

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to N. Namibia.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Namibia, 16 km E of Runtu, Merxmüller & Giess 1912 (M, holo.)
    Habit
    Aromatic annual herb 0.3–1 m tall
    Stem
    Stems erect, slightly succulent, quadrangular or rounded-quadrangular, branching freely above, sparsely pubescent with short and long, glandular and/or eglandular hairs, sometimes also with short retrorse hairs and with orange to reddish sessile glands
    Leaves
    Leaves spreading or ascending, petiolate; blades ovate, 2–12 × 1–10 cm, becoming smaller on the inflorescence axis, serrate, weakly revolute, acute or acuminate, base cordate, sparsely pubescent, with orange to red sessile glands; petioles 3–80 mm long
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence very lax, with adjacent verticils 10–20 mm apart; verticils 4–6-flowered, composed of opposite, pedunculate, 2–3-flowered cymes; peduncles 12–25 mm long, spreading or ascending; bracts 2–6 mm long, entire above but grading into leaves below and becoming serrate; pedicels 5–10 mm long
    Calyx
    Calyx 3 mm long at anthesis, pubescent, with red sessile glands; fruiting calyx 7–9 mm long, tubular, narrowing towards throat and slightly constricted above nutlets and with the pedicel attaching to the centre of the calyx base or slightly excentrically behind the posterior lobe; throat truncate; lobes lanceolate, ± parallel, sometimes diverging at apices, posterior lobe not or sometimes appearing faintly decurrent due to thickened vein, not curving upwards, equal to the anterior lobes, but sometimes slightly longer or wider
    Corolla
    Corolla dark purple, with scattered hairs and red sessile glands, denser on lobes, 6–8 mm long; tube paler, 3.5–5 mm long, ± straight but with slight sigmoid bend within calyx; posterior lip vertical, equal to anterior in length; anterior lip 2.5–4 mm long, horizontal, strongly cucullate, enclosing stamens
    Stamens
    Staminal filaments all free
    Fruits
    Nutlets pale brown mottled black when mature, smooth, with a fairly promineant dorsal vein, 1.5–2 mm long, no mucilage produced.
    Ecology
    Acacia, Commiphora, Combretum bushland or open woodland; 800–1350 m
    Conservation
    Least concern; widely distributed
    Note
    Specimens from the Flora Zambesiaca area lack the shorter retrorse stem hairs.
    Distribution
    Range: Zambia, Zimbabwe and Namibia Flora districts: T5 T7

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Plectranthus candelabriformis Launert appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 7: 300 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • van Jaarsveld, E. (2006). The Southern African Plectranthus and the art of turning shade to glade: 1-176. Ferwood Press, Simon's Town, South Africa.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.S.A. 28 (4): 144 (1985).
    • Prodr. Fl. SW. Afr. 123: 24 (1969)
    • Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 7: 300 (1968)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0