1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Alysicarpus Desv.
      1. Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Tropical Asia to N. Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or spreading procumbent perennial herb, woody at the base, 10–60 cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stems densely to sparsely pubescent or puberulous, at length ± glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves uniibliolate; leaflet ovate, oblong, oblong-elliptic or lanceolate, 0.5–6.5 cm. long, 0.3–2.6 cm. wide, acute to emarginate and mucronulate at the apex, subcordate at the base, finely puberulous and with longer hairs, or almost glabrous above, ciliate; reticulation prominent on both surfaces; petiole 0.4–1.5 cm. long; petiolule 1–2 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 0.7–1.7(–2.4) cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and leaf-opposed, 2–13 cm. long, mostly dense, the internodes mostly shorter than the flowers, glabrous or usually densely pubescent; rhachis 2–13 cm. long; peduncle 0–5 cm. long; pedicels 0.5–2 mm. long; primary bracts ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4–8 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. wide, acuminate, ± glabrous, deciduous; secondary bracts similar, 2.5–3.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx puberulous or pubescent; tube 1.5–2.5 mm. long; teeth narrowly triangular, 3–4 mm. long, 0.5–1 mm. wide, acuminate, not imbricate.
    Corolla
    Standard orange, pinkish-buff or purple, often paler than other petals, 4–6 mm. long, 3–4 mm. wide; wings mauve; keel magenta, mauve or green with purple tip.
    Fruits
    Pods 1.2–2.5 cm. long, well exserted from the calyx, not constricted between the articles; articles 4–7, subcylindrical, 2.5–3 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, with raised reticulate ridges, puberulous with uncinulate hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds yellowish, speckled brown or entirely yellow-brown, ellipsoidal, slightly compressed, longest dimension 1.7 mm., shorter dimension 1.5 mm., 1 mm. thick.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian anthropic landscapes, Zambezian anthropic landscapes., Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes, Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Somalia-Masai grasslands, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Sudanian wooded grassland, Sudanian grasslands, Zam
    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    Vernacular
    Alyce Clover, Alyceclover, Oneleaf Clover, Pannata
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Herb about 6 in. high, ascending
    Flowers
    Small reddish flowers
    Fruits
    Cylindrical wrinkled fruits.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

    Habit
    Erect or spreading procumbent perennial herb, woody at the base, 10–60 cm tall.
    Stem
    Stems densely to sparsely pubescent or puberulous, at length ± glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflet 0.5–6.5 × 0.3–2.6 cm, ovate, oblong, oblong-elliptic or lanceolate, acute to emarginate and mucronulate at the apex, subcordate at the base, finely puberulous and with longer hairs, or almost glabrous on upper surface, ciliate; reticulation prominent on both surfaces; petiole 4–15 mm long; petiolule 1–2 mm long; stipules 7–17(24) mm long, lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and leaf-opposed, 2–13 cm long, mostly dense, the internodes mostly shorter than the flowers, glabrous or usually densely pubescent; peduncle 0–5 cm long; rhachis 2–13 cm long; pedicels 0.5–2 mm long; primary bracts 4–8 × 1.5–2.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, acuminate, ± glabrous, deciduous; secondary bracts similar, 2.5–3.5 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx puberulous or pubescent; tube 1.5–2.5 mm long; teeth 3–4 × 0.5–1 mm, narrowly triangular, acuminate, not imbricate.
    Corolla
    Standard orange, pinkish-buff or purple, often paler than other petals, 4–6 × 3–4 mm; wings mauve; keel magenta, mauve or green with purple tip.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1.2–2.5 cm long, well exserted from the calyx, not constricted between the articles; articles 4–7, 2.5–3 × 1.5–3 mm, subcylindrical, with raised reticulate ridges, puberulous with uncinulate hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds yellowish, speckled brown or entirely yellow-brown, slightly compressed, 1.7 × 1.5 × 1 mm, ellipsoidal.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Habit
    Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Saudi Arabia

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Philippines, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Seychelles, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2006 Hatschbach, G. [73940], Brazil K000931724
    Jan 1, 1997 Coradin, L. [8042], Brazil K000931726
    May 1, 1995 Hatschbach, G. [59020], Brazil K000931725
    Jan 1, 1989 Krapovickas, A. [43075], Brazil K000931727
    Apr 1, 1960 Gossweiler, J. [213], Angola K001307168
    Oct 1, 1924 Edgeworth [2036], India K000858932 Unknown type material
    Gossweiler, J. [8805], Angola K001307167
    Bidgood, S. [5882], Tanzania K000468543
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K000858931
    Wallich [5772], India K000858933
    Wallich [5763], India K000858935
    Wallich, N. [5771], India K000858930
    s.coll. [s.n.], Uttar Pradesh K000858929
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5763] K001122055
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5763] K001122056
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5763] K001122057
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5768] Alysicarpus varius K001122072
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5768] Alysicarpus varius K001122073
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5768] Alysicarpus varius K001122074
    Peter, A. [31267], Mozambique Alysicarpus vaginalis var. parvifolius K000418207 holotype
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5771], India Alysicarpus rubibarna K001122080
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5771] Alysicarpus rubibarna K001122081
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5771] Alysicarpus rubibarna K001122082
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5771] Alysicarpus rubibarna K001122083
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5771] Alysicarpus rubibarna K001122084
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5771] Alysicarpus rubibarna K001122085
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5772], Myanmar Alysicarpus diversifolius K001122089
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5772] Alysicarpus diversifolius K001122086
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5772], India Alysicarpus diversifolius K001122087
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5772], India Alysicarpus diversifolius K001122088
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5767], Myanmar Alysicarpus nummulariifolius K001122070
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5767], Myanmar Alysicarpus nummulariifolius K001122071
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5767] Alysicarpus nummulariifolius K001122067
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5767] Alysicarpus nummulariifolius K001122068
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5767] Alysicarpus nummulariifolius K001122069
    Wallich [5768], India Alysicarpus vaginalis var. nummulariifolius K000858934

    First published in Prodr. 2: 353 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Léonard in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 224, fig. 13 A.
    • —F.T.A. 2: 170, partly
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 587 (1958).
    • J. Léon. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 24: 84 (1954)
    • J. Léon. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 224, fig. 13/A (1954).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 342 (1929), pro parte.
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 177 (1871), pro parte.
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 353 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Kumar, S. & Sane PV (2003). Legumes of South Asia: a check-list. RBG Kew.
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Stevens, W. D., et al. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua, 85(2)... Missouri Bot. Gard. Press
    • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Hotta, M et al (1989). Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu(Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Strahm, W. (1989). Plant Red Data Book for Rodrigues
    • Schrire, B. D. (1988). Bothalia 18:11-24... Desmodieae in southern Africa
    • Thuan, N. et al. (1987). In: Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam, Vol. 23. P.
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Huq, A. M. (1986). Plant names of Bangladesh. Dhaka.
    • Duke, J. (1981). Handbook Legumes World Economic Importance. Plenum Press, N. Y
    • Duke, J. A. (1981). Handbook of Legumes of World Economic Importance. Plenum Pres
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Uphof, J. C. Th. (1968). Dictionary of economic Plants. 2nd ed. Verlag von Cramer, Lehre
    • Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1954). Flore du Congo Belge, Vol 5; Galegeae, Hedysareae.
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0