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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

Habit
Bushy herb or shrub, 1–3 m tall, with numerous densely hairy branches above.
Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets mostly 3–7.5 × 0.8–3.5 cm, oblanceolate-oblong, oblong-elliptic or obovate, silky pubescent at least beneath; petiole usually shorter than leaflets; stipules mostly 8–25 mm long, oblong-falcate, caudate, very unequal-sided.
Inflorescences
Racemes terminal, laxly few–many-flowered; bracts 6–12 mm long, ovate to obovate, acuminate, caducous.
Calyx
Calyx 1.1–1.5(1.8) cm long, brownish spreading tomentose; upper and lateral lobes coherent, narrowly triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
Corolla
Standard subcircular, clear yellow, fading orange-red, glabrous outside; wings broad, exceeding the keel; keel (1.8)2.1–2.4(2.6) cm long, abruptly rounded in the lower half, with a relatively short straight blunt beak, lanate towards the upper edge.
Fruits
Pod 2.8–4.5 × 1.2–2 cm, subsessile, broadly cylindrical, with a dense shaggy tomentum, mostly 16–18-seeded.
Seeds
Seeds 4.5–5 mm long, oblong-reniform, granulate, orange-yellow.

[FWTA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Habit
A spreading bush, 3–6 ft. high
Indumentum
Clothed with brown hairs
Flowers
Flowers conspicuous, yellow becoming reddish
Ecology
In usually wet grassland.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Habit
Perennial bushy herb or shrub, 1–3 m. tall, much branched above.
Branches
Branches slightly ribbed, densely pubescent or tomentose, with mostly slightly spreading brownish hairs.
Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate-oblong, oblong-elliptic or obovate, up to 30–75 mm. long, 8–35 mm. wide, sparsely pubescent or glabrous above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 20–35 mm. long.
Stipules
Stipules oblong-falcate, 9–25 mm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, caudate, very unequal-sided.
Inflorescences
Racemes lax, up to 10–28 cm. long, few–many-flowered; bracts obovate, up to 8–12 mm. long, acuminate, caducous; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform to oblanceolate, 1–7 mm. long.
Calyx
Calyx 11–15(–18) mm. long, spreading tomentose; upper and lateral lobes on either side usually coherent even in the mature flowers, narrowly triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
Corolla
Standard suborbicular, clear yellow, fading orange-red, glabrous outside; wings broadly oblong, longer than the keel; keel abruptly rounded in lower half, narrowed into the rather short blunt slightly incurved untwisted beak, (18–)21–24(–26) mm. long, lanate on the lateral surfaces towards the upper margin.
Fruits
Pod subsessile, broadly cylindrical, 28–42 mm. long, ± 15 mm. across, long densely spreading tomentose, ± 16–18-seeded.
Seeds
Seeds oblong-reniform, 4·5–5 mm. long, granulate, orange-yellow.
Habitat
Grassland, sometimes with scattered trees, Acacia bushland and riverine forest, also persisting on roadsides, cultivated and waste ground; 1100–2000 m.
Distribution
widespread in tropical Africa from Ghana to Ethiopia and south to Rhodesia and Angola K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T4 T7 U1 U3 U4

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Zambezian woodland, Sudanian woodland, Montane wooded grassland, Sudanian wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Montane woodland
Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Crotalaria lachnophora A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [883], Cameroon K000338550
Jan 1, 1969 Letouzey, R. [8885], Cameroon K000093021
Jan 1, 1958 Gossweiler, J. [362], Angola K001276925
Jan 1, 1958 Gossweiler, J. [9456], Angola K001276928
Jan 1, 1958 Welwitsch [1911], Angola K000227458 isosyntype
Boughey, A.S. [11138], Cameroon K000086881
Quartin-Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia K000412848
Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000412846 isosyntype
Parkyns, M. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000412845 Unknown type material
Brunt, M.A. [898], Cameroon K000086882
Brunt, M.A. [545], Cameroon K000086883
Brunt, M.A. [556], Cameroon K000086884
Brunt, M.A. [677], Cameroon K000086887
Savory, H. J. [387], Cameroon K000086885
Savory, H. J. [352], Cameroon K000086886
Ujor, E.U. [30204], Cameroon K000086880
Schimper [780], Ethiopia Crotalaria lachnocarpa K000412847

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 151 (1847)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 129.
  • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 151 (1847)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 70 (1962).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 548 (1958).
  • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 129, fig. 6/C (1953).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 191 (1952).
  • Milne-Redh. in Kew Bulletin 5: 351, fig. 3/1, 3, 5, 7 & 9 (1951).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 281 (1948).
  • A. Rich., Tent. PI. Abyss. 1: 151 (1847).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0