1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria pallidicaulis Harms

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Tanzania to Botswana.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Shrub, 1–3(4) m tall, with hairy sometimes glabrescent branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves often with short axillary shoots bearing a cluster of smaller leaves, estipulate, 3-foliolate; leaflets 1.5–4 × 0.4–1.2 cm, very variable in shape from linear-oblanceolate to elliptic or oblong-obovate, puberulous at least beneath; petioles mostly 1.7–3.5 times as long as leaflets.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes with usually numerous laxly arranged flowers; bracts 2–3.5 mm long, subulate or linear-lanceolate; bracteoles small.
    Calyx
    Calyx (8)9–12 mm long, puberulous; lobes narrowly triangular, sometimes acuminate, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-ovate, yellow, usually marked reddish or purple and glabrous outside; wings 0.75–0.9 times as long as the keel; keel 2–2.2(2.3) cm long, rounded about the middle with a rather short bluntly pointed beak.
    Fruits
    Pod including 0.8–1.2 cm long stipe up to 4–5.5 cm long, oblong-clavate, puberulous.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 5 mm long, oblong-reniform, granulate, ochre or brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub, 1–3(–4) m. tall; bark streaky, peeling.
    Branches
    Branches usually rather densely covered with short slightly spreading or appressed white hairs, ultimately glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate and well spaced or often crowded on short axillary shoots, 3–foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic to elliptic, 15–38 mm. long, 4–12 mm. wide, glabrous or puberulous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole (15–)20–65 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes rather lax, up to 4–12 cm. long, up to ± 16—flowered; bracts subulate, 2–3·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform, 0·5–1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 9–12 mm. long, basally narrowed into a prominent receptacle, appressed puberulous outside, minutely crisped puberulous along the lobe-margins inside; upper lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate-elliptic, yellow, marked red or purple and glabrous outside; wings three-quarters to four-fifths as long as the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with a rather short bluntly pointed untwisted beak, 20–23 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod oblong-clavate, narrowed into an 8–12 mm. long stipe, 40–50 mm. long, 8–10 mm. across, appressed puberulous, 10–14—seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, ± 5 mm. long, granulate, ochre.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland, secondary scrub and waste places; 1200–1620 m.
    Distribution
    T5 T7 Zambia and Rhodesia to South Africa (Transvaal)

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria pallidicaulis Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54: 382 (1917)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 214 (1968).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 415 (1949).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 40 (1926).
    • Harms in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 54: 382 (1917).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0