Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Coral Tree

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Tree 2–12(20) m tall, bark grey or grey-brown, smooth, not corky, with prickles; branches armed with prickles.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves scattered or clustered at ends of twigs, unarmed, glabrous; terminal leaflet 4.5–12(13) × 3.5–10(12) cm, broadly to very broadly ovate or deltate, sometimes longer than broad, acuminate; lateral leaflets 4–11 × 2.5–7 cm, broadly ovate, asymmetric at base; petiole 3.5–8.5 cm long, glabrous when mature, with 0–2 prickles; rhachis 8.5 cm long; petiolules 3–7 mm long; stipules 2–3 mm long, ovate, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a dense terminal pseudoraceme; flowers declined towards the rhachis; peduncle (4)6–22 cm long, ferruginous hairy becoming glabrous at maturity; rhachis 2–10 cm long; bracts 4 mm long, ovate; pedicels 2 mm long; bracteoles 3–4 mm long, linear, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1–1.4 cm long, 2-lipped, tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla red, glabrous; standard 2.4–5.5(6.5) × 1–2.1 cm, elliptic to obovate, not reflexed, enclosing other petals and stamens; wings 9–11 × 3–4 mm, oblong; keel 7–10 × 3–5 mm, narrowly oblong, the petals fused along their lower margin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Vexillary stamen free, others fused into a sheath along two-thirds of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1–1.7 cm long, narrowly cylindrical.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod black, 12–30 × 1.2–1.8 cm, irregularly constricted between the (1)3–8 seeds, glabrous when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds red, 6–8 × 4–6 × 2–3 mm; hilum black, 3 mm long, elliptic.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Tree 2·3–12 m. tall, with open branched crown; branches prickly, flowering before the leaves appear.
Morphology Stem
Stems pale brown, ridged and scarred, mostly Both J. G. Baker in Fl. Brit. India 2:189 (1876) and Sandwith (MS. in Kew Herb.) have previously suggested the identity covered with almost straight black prickles, hairy at first but soon glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets triangular-ovate, ovate, or sometimes almost hastate, 2·1–9·5 cm. long, 1·6–8·5 cm. wide, acute to long acuminate at the apex, obtuse or broadly cuneate at the base, tomentose when young but soon becoming glabrous; petiole 3–8·5 cm. long, at first hairy, sometimes prickly; rhachis 2–5·5 cm. long; petiolules 4–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dense, mostly densely ferruginous hairy, rarely glabrescent; rhachis 2–10 cm. long; peduncle 4–18(–24) cm. long; pedicels 2 mm. long; bracts ovate, 4 mm. long, 1·5–3·2 mm. wide, pubescent, deciduous; bracteoles minute, linear, 4 mm. long, pubescent, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tomentose, 0·8–1·3 cm. long, not or shortly spathulate, shortly 2-lipped, the upper lip sometimes slightly bifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard very short-clawed, scarlet, rarely pink or orange-scarlet, elliptic, rather long and narrow, 3·7–6·8 cm. long, 1·5–2·9 cm. wide, obtuse or slightly emarginate; keel usually rather shorter than the wings, ± one-quarter of the length of the standard.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods dark blackish-brown, stipitate (stipe 3–4 cm. long), thinly woody, straight or curved, 5–15 cm. long, ± 1 cm. wide, 1–9-seeded, extremely markedly constricted between the seeds to form ellipsoidal compartments 1·2–1·5 cm. long and 0·9–1·4 cm. wide, the constrictions often emphasised because several seeds do not develop and these compartments remain narrow, at first ferruginous tomentose; valves separating down one margin only, obscurely reticulately wrinkled outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds reddish-orange, ellipsoidal, longest dimension 7–8 mm., shorter dimensions 4·5–6 mm.; hilum dark, oblong-elliptic, 3–3·5 mm. long.
Habitat
Bushland and isolated thickets in grassland; 1600–1950 m.
Distribution
T7 T8 cultivated in many parts of the world

>

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

East Aegean Is., Ethiopia, Kenya, Madeira, Sri Lanka

Erythrina lysistemon Hutch. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1984 Krauss [2006], South Africa K001259915
Jan 1, 1984 Wilms, F. [398], South Africa K001260000
Jan 1, 1984 Ross, J.H. [2123], South Africa K001259940
Jan 1, 1984 Biegel, H. [3113], Zimbabwe K000282559
Jan 1, 1979 Prior, J. [26], Swaziland K001259961
Jan 1, 1978 Hanekom, W.J. [2321], South Africa K001259917
Jan 1, 1978 Bayliss, R.D. A. [7046], South Africa K001259945
Jan 1, 1976 Chase, N.C. [5800], Zimbabwe K000282557
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L.E. [8002], South Africa K001259938
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L.E. [6149], South Africa K001259943
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L.E. [7982], South Africa K001259952
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L.E. [7983], South Africa K001259953
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L.E. [7987], South Africa K001259954
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L.E. [7991], South Africa K001259955
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L.E. [7993], South Africa K001259956
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L.E. [7994], South Africa K001259957
Jan 1, 1976 Peter, A. [30396], South Africa K001259942
Jan 1, 1976 Strey, R.G. [8821], South Africa K001259941
Jan 1, 1976 Wild, H. [1499], Zimbabwe K000282555
Jan 1, 1976 Johnson, S.M. [1333], South Africa K001259936
Jan 1, 1976 Moll, E.J. [4682], South Africa K000282560
Jan 1, 1976 Baur, R. [249], South Africa K001259951
Jan 1, 1976 Rudatis, H. [412], South Africa K001259948
Jan 1, 1976 Rudatis, H. [781], South Africa K001259949
Jan 1, 1976 Codd, L. E. [7998], South Africa K001259937
Jan 1, 1976 Prosser, S.M. [1038], South Africa K001259947
Jan 1, 1976 Dohse, Dyere [5417], South Africa K001259939
Jun 1, 1973 Strey, R.G. [9018], South Africa K001259935
Jun 1, 1973 Johnson, S.M. [1408], South Africa K001259934
Jan 1, 1973 Gillett, J.B. [2903], South Africa K001259928
Jan 1, 1973 Gillett, J.B. [2903], South Africa K001259929
Jan 1, 1973 de Winter, B. [395], South Africa K001259925
Jan 1, 1973 Codd, L.E. [6149], South Africa K000282563
Jan 1, 1973 Codd, L.E. [5127], South Africa K001259924
Jan 1, 1973 Codd, L.E. [8003], South Africa K001259927
Jan 1, 1973 Codd, L.E. [8005], South Africa K001259930
Jan 1, 1973 Codd, L.E. [8006], South Africa K001259931
Jan 1, 1973 Codd, L.E. [5127], South Africa K001259946
Jan 1, 1973 Melville, R. [70276], South Africa K000282561
Jan 1, 1973 Strey, R.G. [6663], South Africa K001259944
Jan 1, 1973 Burke [s.n.], South Africa K001259923
Jan 1, 1973 Compton, R.H. [26977], Swaziland K001259960
Jan 1, 1973 Barnard, W.G. [S-34], South Africa K001259922
Jan 1, 1973 Turner, F.A.S. [16], South Africa K001259918
Jan 1, 1973 Prosser, S.M. [1038], South Africa K001259919
Jan 1, 1973 Name illegible [286], South Africa K001259950
Jan 1, 1973 Dyer, R.G. [5748], Swaziland K001259959
Jan 1, 1972 Codd, L.E. [8008], South Africa K001259932
Jan 1, 1972 Plowes, D.C.H. [2708], Zimbabwe K000282558
Jan 1, 1972 Methuen [156], Zimbabwe K000282556
Jan 1, 1972 Schlieben, H.J. [7069], South Africa K001259926
Williams, G.R. [424], Kenya 15693.000
Hutchinson, J. [4155], South Africa K001259920
Hutchinson, J. [4155], South Africa K001259921
Worsdell, W.C. [s.n.], South Africa K001259985
Brummit, R.K. [12487], Swaziland K001259958
Smuts, J.C. [66], South Africa K000418405 Unknown type material
Balsinhas, A. [3393], South Africa K001259933
Stalmans, M. [598], South Africa K000282562
Hildyard, C. [141], South Africa K000282564

First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 422 (1933)

Accepted by

  • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Codd in Bothalia 6: 509, t. 3 (1956).
  • Collett in Bothalia 4: 223 (1941).
  • Hutch. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1933: 422 (1933).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Ellison, D. P. (1995). Cultivated plants of the World-trees, shrubs, climbers. Brisban
  • Maxwell, R. H. (1991). In: Dassanayake, M. D. & Fosberg, F. R. (Eds.) A revised handbook
  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/