1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Sophora L.
      1. Sophora tomentosa L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Mozambique, W. Indian Ocean, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to S. Pacific, Mexico to Venezuela.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Ambotrimorona, Bois Chapelet, Coast Sophora, Firitsoka, Fotsiavadikaranto, Herbe Chapelet, Kau Ni Yalewa, Kofai, Latapiso, Manganrava, Micar, Moodoomoroonga, Mudumurunga, Pofatu-aoao, Potu-avao, Sea-coast Laburnum, Tsipolahina
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub 1–3 m. high.
    Branches
    Young branches, petioles, leaf-rhachides and under-surface of leaflets, inflorescences and calyces ± densely white or grey puberulous to tomentose; upper surface of leaflets densely puberulous or pubescent when young but glabrescent later.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole and rhachis together 7–25 cm. long and with (4–)5–7(–9) pairs of leaflets; lateral leaflets broadly elliptic to suborbicular, up to 4 cm. long and 3 cm. wide, asymmetrical at the base with the distal side rounded and the proximal side ± cuneate, rounded at the apex; terminal leaflet slightly larger than the lateral ones, equal-sided and ± cuneate at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers many in terminal racemes up to 25 cm. long; bracts linear, 3–5 mm. long, caducous; pedicels 5–10 mm. long; bracteoles apparently absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 4–6 mm. long, with 5 shallow teeth up to 1 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow; standard 14–20 mm. long, 11–14 mm. wide, the limb cuneate and gradually narrowed below to a short broad claw; wings and keel about equalling or slightly shorter than the standard.
    Ovary
    Ovary densely ± appressed pubescent.
    Fruits
    Fruits mostly developing 4–8 seeds.
    Seeds
    Seeds subglobose, ± 6–7 mm. long, brownish.
    Distribution
    As subsp. tomentosa, but with subsp. occidentalis (L.) Brummitt in West Africa, eastern South America and the West Indies
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Environmental, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cambodia, China Southeast, Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Madagascar, Maldives, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Samoa, Seychelles, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is.

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, Mauritius, Pakistan, Rodrigues

    Sophora tomentosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 2009 Gentry, A. [49488], Brazil K000892900
    Nov 12, 2002 Klitgaard, B.B. [7], Brazil 62589.000
    May 1, 1995 Souza, V. [346], Brazil K000892901
    May 1, 1995 Souza, V. [85], Brazil K000892902
    May 1, 1995 Souza, V. [346], Brazil K000892903
    Jan 1, 1993 Amorim, A.M. [960], Bahia K000187958
    Jan 1, 1993 Amorim, A.M. [960], Bahia K000187956
    Oct 1, 1990 Pinheiro, R.S. [2165], Bahia K000187957
    Apr 5, 1990 Leoni, L.S. [988], Brazil K000892909
    Jan 1, 1990 Krapovickas, A. [43514], Brazil K000892907
    Jan 1, 1989 Silva, J.M. [680], Brazil K000892908
    Jan 1, 1986 Martinelli, G. [11684], Brazil K000892906
    Jan 1, 1986 Giordano, L.C. [12], Brazil K000892905
    Hunt, P.F. [2762], Solomon Is. 32393.000
    Lewis, Brazil 51564.000
    Lewis, G.P., Brazil 48753.000
    Owens, S.J., USA 52824.000
    Mori, S.A. [12139], Bahia K000187959
    Klitgaard, B.B. [7], Brazil K000892910
    Eiten, G. [6219], Brazil K000892904
    Koorders, S.H. [26430], Jawa K000759741 Unknown type material
    Jack, W. [Cat. no. 5333], Malaysia K001120591
    Steenis, C.G.G.J.v. [9820], Sumatera K000759740 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5333] K001120590
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5333], Vietnam K001120593
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5333] K001120594
    Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 5333], Mauritius K001120592

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 373 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Banks, R.C. (ed.) (1982). Wildlife and wildlife habitat of American Samoa 2: 1-151. U.S. Fisch and Wildlife services, Washington.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Polhill in F.T.E.A., Legum., Pap.: 44 (1971).
    • —Brummitt & Gillett in Kirkia 5: 264 (1966).
    • —Baker f., Legum. Trop. Africa: 595 (1929) in part excl. syn. S. inhambanensis.
    • —Sim, For. Fl. Port. E. Africa: 46 (1909) in part excl. syn. S. inhambanensis.
    • —Baker in F.T.A. 2: 254 (1871) in part excl. syn. S. inhambanensis.
    • Sp. Pl.: 373 (1753).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
    • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Yakovlev in Proc. Leningrad chem.-pharm. Inst. 21: 53 (1967).
    • Brummitt & Gillett in Kirkia 5: 264 (1966).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 376 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 443 (1949), pro parte.
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 82 (1936).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 595 (1929), pro parte excl. syn.
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 203 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 254 (1871), pro parte excl. syn. S. inhambanensis.
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 373 (1753).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Thuan, N. et al. (1987). In: Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam, Vol. 23. P.
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Proctor, G. R. (1984). Fl. Cayman Islands Kew Bull. Addit. Ser. XI
    • Correll, D. S. & Correll, H. B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. 1692pp J. Cramer
    • Rudd, V. E. (1980). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 1:428-458 Fabaceae
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Sauer, J. D. (1963). J. Seychelles Soc. 3:58-63 Geographic sketch of coastal plants
    • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
    • Dale, I. R. & Greenway, P. J. (1961). Kenya Trees and Shrubs
    • Parkinson, C. E. (1923). A Forest Flora of the Andaman Islands

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/