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  1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Asparagus Tourn. ex L.
      1. Asparagus laricinus Burch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Congo to Tanzania and S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Asparagaceae by Sebsebe Demissew

    Habit
    Erect, much-branched, spiny shrub 2–3(4) m high, young stems and branches ribbed, whitish, minutely hispidulous or glabrous, turning brown and smooth with age.
    Spines
    Spines short, hard, straight or slightly curved, those on stems and branches 4–7 mm long, those below cladode fascicles 1–2 mm long.
    Cladodes
    Cladodes on branches and branchlets, 15–60 in a fascicle, filiform, 10–15(35) mm long when mature, fairly equal in length, shorter in some forms.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–8(12), on outside of cladode fascicles.
    Tepal
    Tepals white to cream, 3–4 mm long; pedicels 4–9 mm long, articulated below the middle.
    Stamens
    Stamens with red or orange anthers.
    Ovary
    Ovary 3-locular with 6–7 ovules in each locule; style short, c.1 mm long, with 3 short spreading stigmas.
    Fruits
    Berry 5–7 mm in diameter, red.
    Distribution
    Also in Angola, Namibia, Tanzania, Lesotho and South Africa.
    Ecology
    Burnt scrub grassland, shrubby grassland, river banks and damp woodland; 900–2300 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.
    [FTEA]

    Asparagaceae, Sebsebe Demissew. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Spiny shrubs 1– 3 m high, erect or climbing or sometimes trailing; young stems and branches whitish, ribbed, minutely hispidulous or glabrous, turning brown and smooth with age; spines short, hard, straight or slightly curved, on stems and below branches 3.5– 6(– 8) mm, below cladode fascicles 1.5– 2 mm long.
    Cladodes
    Cladodes up to 10 in a fascicle, filiform, 8– 15(– 20) mm long when mature, fairly equal in length.
    Inflorescences
    Flowers 1– 8, on outside of cladode fascicles; bracts overlapping, ± membranous, ovate, 1.5× 1 mm, rounded at apex; pedicel 5– 6 mm long, articulated in the lower half, below the middle.
    Flowers
    Tepals 2.5– 4 mm long, white; stamens with red or orange anthers; ovary 3-locular with 5– 6 ovules in each locule; style short, ± 1 mm long (incl. stigma) with 3 short, spreading stigmas.
    Fruits
    Berry red, 6– 8 mm in diameter, 1-seeded.
    Habitat
    Grassland, flooded grassland, bushland and thicket, forest margins; (750– )1700– 2400 m
    Distribution
    T4 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Asparagus laricinus Burch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 24, 1971 Welwitsch [3879], Angola K000255670 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1965 Burchell [1971], South Africa K000255707 holotype
    Jul 1, 1965 Burchell [3020], South Africa K000255708 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Trav. S. Africa 1: 537 (1822)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • ―Sebsebe Demissew in F.T.E.A., Asparagaceae: 5 (2006).
    • ―Jessop in Bothalia 9: 60 (1966).
    • ―Sölch, Roessler & Merxmüller in Prodr. Fl. SW Afr., fam.147: 31 (1966).
    • in F.T.A. 7: 433 (1898).
    • in F.C. 6: 267 (1896);
    • ―Baker in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 620 (1875);
    • ―Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 75 (1850).
    • Trav. Sthn. Africa 1: 537 (1822).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Demissew, S. (2006). Asparagaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-22.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Jessop in Bothalia 9: 60 (1966).
    • Sölch et al., Fl. Südwest-Afr.: 31 (1961).
    • Baker in Fl. Cap. 6: 267 (1896).
    • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 14: 620 (1875).
    • Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 75 (1850).
    • Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 7(1): 337 (1829).
    • Bresler, Dissert. inaug.: 40 (1826).
    • Burch., Travels Int. S. Africa 1: 537 (1822).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/