1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Behnia Didr.
      1. Behnia reticulata (Thunb.) Didr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Behniaceae by J. Cowley

    Habit
    Climbing or twining, unarmed woody herb or vine, usually to c.3 m.
    Rhizomes
    Basal rhizome short with thick cream or orange-yellow roots.
    Stem
    Stems glabrous, branched, slender, ridged, twisted, terete or half-terete, 1–2.5 mm across, each side-branch zigzag, flexuose or not, 5–10 cm long, in axil of leaf or small foliaceous bract.
    Petiole
    Petiole twisted, often yellowish, 1–3 mm long.
    Leaves
    Mature leaves alternate, ovate, bases slightly unequal, dark or yellowish green, shiny, with 4–8 pairs of prominent, parallel main veins, finely reticulated between, narrowing abruptly or gradually to an acute or acuminate apex, sometimes rostrate, 2–10 × 1–5.5 cm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence branches to 11 cm long, peduncles axillary or terminal, to 4.5 cm long with two bracts supporting 1–4 flowers in umbellate heads, or in short racemes to 2.5 cm long with up to 5 flowers, sometimes only one flower in a leaf axil, the peduncles sometimes terminating in one or two subopposite leaves which may support flower clusters.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 1-flowered, articulated towards apex, 7–22 mm long, subtended by boat-shaped, membranous bracts 3–7 mm long.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream or green, campanulate, nodding above pedicel articulation, attenuate at base, 7–11 × 2–5 mm at maturity, segments 6, joined at base, free at apex for c.2 mm, lobes triangular, apex acute to obtuse.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, c.5 mm long, filaments attached to perianth tube; anthers oblong, yellow or greenish.
    Style
    Style columnar, swollen centrally, equal in height to stamens, stigma capitate, 3-lobed.
    Fruits
    Berry obconical, trilocular, whitish, yellowish, purplish or olive-green at maturity, 13–25 × 10–25 mm, containing up to 10 seeds.
    Seeds
    Seeds white becoming dark brown, textured, 5–7 × 4–5 mm.
    Distribution
    Also in South Africa (Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Northern Provinces) and Swaziland.
    Ecology
    Occurring as a low scandent climber as part of moist evergreen forest understorey vegetation, usually flowering between September and November. On humus-rich substrates; 1000–2100 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: An Afromontane near-endemic according to White et al. (2001). Although restricted to a specific habitat, the species is moderately widely distributed; not threatened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Behnia reticulata (Thunb.) Didr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harris, T. [233], Mozambique K000613308
    Harris, T. [625], Mozambique K000614212
    Patel, H. [7246], Mozambique K000545207
    Timberlake, J. [5200], Mozambique K000613928
    Timberlake, J. [5139], Mozambique K000613519

    First published in Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 6: 183 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―White, Dowsett-Lemaire & Chapman, Evergr. For. Fl. Malawi: 108 (2001).
    • ―Obermeyer in F.S.A. 5(3): 83 (1992).
    • in Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavm 1854: 183 (1855).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0