1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Chlorophytum Ker Gawl.
      1. Chlorophytum fischeri (Baker) Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

    Habit
    Plants small, tufted, up to 20 cm. high.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome short, moniliform, horizontal, bearing fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; roots fibrous, bearing distinct tubers, sometimes close to the rhizome, with patterned surface towards the tips.
    Leaves
    Leaves rosulate, few, linear-lanceolate, clasping below, minutely pubescent to papillate, particularly on the veins, 6–12 cm. long, 4–6 mm. wide, the bases and cataphylls with papillate to ciliate margins; cataphylls distally patent, base whitish to orange with green veins.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle stiffly erect, never arcuate, terete, sometimes glabrous below, papillate to pubescent above, 7–10 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence simple, open, exserted above the leaves, 6–20 cm. long; rhachis pubescent.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels articulated near the middle, short, up to ± 4 mm. long in fruit, usually solitary at the nodes.
    Perianth
    Perianth white, papillose; tepals 3–5(–8) mm. long, 2 mm. wide, 3-veined.
    Stamens
    Stamens as long asthe perianth; filaments filiform, scabrid, ± 3 mm. long, longer than the 1 mm. long versatile anthers.
    Style
    Style as long as the stamens.
    Fruits
    Capsule triquetrous, emarginate, ± 3 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds saucer-shaped, 1.5–2 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Woodland and wooded grassland, on brown sandy loam, often on termite mounds; 450–2000 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

    Habit
    Plants small, tufted, up to 20 cm high.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome short, regularly constricted, horizontal, with fibrous remains of old leaf bases.
    Roots
    Roots wiry, with tubers at tips.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–4, linear-lanceolate, narrowed above, clasping below, 6–16 cm × 4–10 mm, papillose to minutely pubescent on abaxial veins, leaf base and cataphylls, sometimes with banded pattern in red and white.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle slender, terete, glabrous below, papillate above, to 10 cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence unbranched, lax, exserted above leaves, 3–6 cm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels short, single at each node, articulated near apex, c.3 mm long in fruit.
    Perianth
    Perianth white; tepals 3–5 mm long, 3-veined.
    Stamens
    Stamens as long as perianth; filaments filiform, longer than anthers.
    Style
    Style as long as stamens.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3-angled, subglobose, c.3 × 5 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds saucer-shaped, 1.5–2 mm across.
    Distribution
    Also in Tanzania.
    Ecology
    In woodland, sometimes on termite mounds; 1000–1800 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

    Chlorophytum fischeri (Baker) Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Polhill, R. [2173], Tanzania 29792.000
    Schlieben, H.J. [3086], Tanzania K000257042 isotype
    Schlieben, H.J. [3086], Tanzania K000257043 isotype
    Fischer [591], Tanzania K000257041 holotype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 506 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 26 (1997).
    • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 59 (1994).
    • in F.T.A. 7: 506 (1898).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 506 (1898).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0