1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Chlorophytum Ker Gawl.
      1. Chlorophytum stenopetalum Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Anthericaceae, Nordal (University of Oslo), Shakkie Kativu (University of Zimbabwe) & Axel D. Poulsen (University of Copenhagen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

    Habit
    Plants 10–30 cm. high.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome short, vertical, moniliform; roots medium thick with distal tubers.
    Leaves
    Leaves drying blackish, rosulate, glabrous, ± petiolate, lanceolate, clasping at the base, broadest at the middle, 10–40 cm. long, 2–5 cm. wide.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle terete, often with a single bract below the inflorescence, glabrous, 1–3(–6) cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence unbranched, occasionally with a single appressed branch at the base, dense, up to 10 cm. long; rhachis subterete, shallowly angled, glabrous; floral bracts lanceolate, glabrous, up to 4 cm. long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels articulated at the apex, ± 2 mm. long in flower, up to 6 mm. long in fruit, 2–4-nate at the lower nodes.
    Perianth
    Perianth whitish to greenish; tepals 5–7 mm. long, 3–5-veined.
    Stamens
    Stamens as long as the perianth; anthers 2.5–3 mm. long; filaments filiform, ± 7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule deeply triquetrous, 6–7 mm. long, ± 5.5 mm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds saucer-shaped, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    In open forest and riverine fringes, often on termite mounds; 100–1800 m.
    Distribution
    West Africa to Sudan, Angola, Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique T6 T7 T8 U1 U3
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Anthericaceae by S. Kativu, G. Hoell, C.S. Bjorå & I. Nordal

    Habit
    Plants 10–50 cm high.
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome short, vertical, regularly constricted.
    Roots
    Roots extensive, narrow, spongy, swollen at tips.
    Leaves
    Leaves spreading, (2)3–8 per stem, lanceolate, broadest at middle, gradually narrowed at apex, 10–50 × 1.5–8 cm, glabrous.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle terete, often with single bract below the inflorescence, glabrous, to 3 cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence unbranched, occasionally with a single appressed branch at base, dense, up to 12.5 cm long; rachis subterete, shallowly angled, glabrous; floral bracts lanceolate, glabrous, c.13 mm long.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels articulated at apex, lower ones 4–6 per node, c.6 mm long in fruit.
    Perianth
    Perianth greenish; tepals c.7 mm long, 5–7-veined.
    Stamens
    Stamens as long as perianth; anthers 2.5 mm long, shorter than filiform filaments.
    Fruits
    Capsule 3-angled, deeply lobed, c.6.5 mm long.
    Seeds
    Seeds saucer-shaped, c.1.5 mm across.
    Distribution
    Also in Cameroon, S Sudan, Tanzania and Angola.
    Ecology
    In woodland and riverine fringes, often on termite mounds; 30–1300 m.
    Conservation
    Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.
    [FWTA]

    Liliaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A herb
    Leaves
    A rosette of leaves close to the ground
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence short with numerous congested white flowers
    Ecology
    In savanna woodland.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Chlorophytum stenopetalum Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Kassner, T. [2014], Zimbabwe K000686678 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1965 Chevalier [9308], Cameroon K000256841 Unknown type material
    Keay, R.W.J. [25905], Nigeria 5444.000
    Barter [s.n.], Niger K000407093 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch, F. [3768], Angola K001286659 isotype

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 331 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Meerts, P. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi) Anthericaceae: 1-119. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Meerts, P. & Bjorå, C.S. (2012). Synopsis of the genus Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Burundi) Plant ecology and evolution 145: 373-409.
    • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aké Assi, Contrib. 2: 18 [228].
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 15: 331 (1876)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • ―Nordal, Kativu & Poulsen in F.T.E.A., Anthericaceae: 54 (1997).
    • ―Kativu in Kirkia 15: 78 (1994).
    • ―Baker in F.T.A. 7: 502 (1898).
    • in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 331 (1876).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Berhaut, J. (1988). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 9: 1-522. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 100 (1968).
    • Baker in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 502 (1898).
    • Baker in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 15: 331 (1876)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0