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  1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Kosteletzkya C.Presl
      1. Kosteletzkya adoensis (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Mast.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Type
    Type: Ethiopia, near Adoa, Schimper 341 (P!, Herb. Steudel, lecto., chosen here; BM!, BR!, FT!, L!, LE!, LISU!, M, P!, UC!, W!, iso.)
    Habit
    Perennial herb or subshrub, climbing, scrambling or procumbent, sometimes rooting at the nodes, 0.5–3 m long, stems pubescent with spreading simple or fewarmed stellate hairs.
    Roots
    Roots fibrous-thickened
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to orbicular in outline, the lowest usually broadly transversely ovate, 2.5–6(–9) × 2.5–8(–11) cm, cordate or broadly cordate at base, sometimes the upper leaves truncate to broadly cuneate, margin unevenly serrate or crenate-serrate, most leaves 3(–5)-angulate-lobate or -lobed, the principal lateral lobes at about the distal 1/2–1/3 of the blade, apices acute to short-acuminate, sparingly pubescent above with mostly simple, ± appressed hairs, beneath more densely pubescent, usually with a mixture of simple hairs and coarse 3-armed hairs, sometimes underlain with much finer stellate hairs; petiole 0.3–5 cm long, 1/2 to equalling the blade except the uppermost; stipules linear, 4–8 mm long, setose
    Flowers
    Flowers single in axils of upper leaves or in groups of 2–3, or often on lateral branches with reduced leaves; pedicel 0.8–3 cm long, often somewhat deflexed distally after anthesis, abruptly more densely pubescent and often thickened distally, this transition becoming joint-like at fruiting; epicalyx broadly funnelform or rotate or the segments slightly recurved, these 5–9, linear-subulate, 3–7 mm long, setose; calyx funnelform-campanulate, 4–6.5(–8) mm long, lobed for 2/3–5/6 its length, the lobes triangular, acute to short-acuminate
    Corolla
    Corolla creamy white to pink to mauve, dark purplish near the base, this sometimes radiating in lines distally, funnelform to rotate, the petals broadly and asymmetrically obovate, 8–22 × 4–18 mm, apically rounded.
    Stamens
    Staminal column 4–14(–18) mm long, anthers 10–35, distributed in the distal 1/2 to 1/3 of the staminal column.
    Style
    Style-branches pale pink to white, exserted 1.3–4 mm
    Fruits
    Fruits olivaceous- to yellowish-brown, depressed-pentagonal, 5.5–9.5 mm wide, 2/5 to 2/3 as high as wide, the capsule valves transversely rugose, sometimes with a darker median longitudinal stripe, hispid on the valve margins, otherwise glandular- and finely stellate-pubescent, long simple hairs few if any, the valve margins rounded in outline or somewhat angulate dorso-laterally.
    Seeds
    Seeds olivaceousto yellowish-brown, reniform-obovate, sometimes slightly impressed laterally, 2.2–2.7 mm long, sometimes with faint concentric lines, the surface papillose, grading to papillose-pubescent, the basally thickened hairs short, minute, curved.
    Ecology
    Clearings, secondary growth and forest edges in montane gallery forest, grassland thickets and scrub, often near streams, marshes and lake edges, and adventive into pastures, gardens and abandoned cultivated ground, in partial shade or full sun; 1000–2700 m
    Note
    Hibiscus adoensis was based on collections of Schimper and Quartin-Dillon. No specimen at Paris shows direct connection with A. Richard, but Schimper 341 from Herb. Steudel was undoubtedly available to him. Duplicates of this earliest known gathering of an African Kosteletzkya are widely distributed, so it has been chosen here as lectotype. The specimen label was apparently the source of the local name “Sugott” cited by Richard. On the other hand the November date given by Richard for flowering and fruiting cannot be matched among any of the collections at hand, Quaratin- Dillon’s or Schimper’s. Those with stated dates give September or October.  Garcke’s taxa Hibiscus terniflorus and Polychlaena adoensis var. ß hispidissima are included here with some reservation since no authentic specimens of either are known to be extant. The fact that the latter is from Khartoum in Sudan makes its identity further uncertain since K. adoensis is not otherwise known from N of the Imatong Mountains in that country. Concerning Hibiscus terniflorus, Garcke himself later noted (E.J. 21: 379–401 (1896)) that the name was a synonym of the earlier K. adoensis. One might accept his conclusion, trusting that Garcke would have had a good grasp of the species to be willing to make that concession, but a Schimper 32? specimen at F that is labeled Polychlaena adoensis in Garcke’s hand is in fact a Sida! The name K. adoensis var. hirsuta Oliver has appeared in various places in the literature (Oliver in Trans. Linn. Soc. London ser. 2, 2: 329 (1887), Oliver & Baker in Johnston, KilimaNjaro Exped. Appendix: 338 (1886), De Wildeman, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 40: 113 (1921) & Fl. Katanga: 129 (1921)) but it does not seem to have been published validly. A record from Zanzibar ( Bouton s.n.) is doubtful. Some specimens from the Kigoma, Mpanda and Iringa districts in southwestern Tanzania are notable for their unusually deeply 3–5-lobed leaves or exceptionally large flowers or both.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U2 U3 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K 7 ; T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 Range: West Africa from Sierra Leone to Ethiopia and south to Zimbabwe, Madagascar
    [FWTA]

    Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Prostrate or scrambling
    Flowers
    Flowers pink or white, with reddish or purplish centre.
    [FZ]

    Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Perennial herb or shrub up to 2 m. tall; stems sparsely pilose and with a longitudinal line of hairs changing its radial position at each node.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–6·5 × 3–7·5 cm., ovate in outline, obscurely to shallowly 3–5-lobed, pilose on both surfaces, apex acute, margin crenate-serrate, base cordate 3–5-nerved; petiole 2–5 cm. long; stipules 4–5 mm. long, filiform.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–1·5 cm. in diam., pink or purplish, solitary or 2–5-fascicled, axillary or in terminal racemes; peduncle 1–2 cm. long, slender, pubescent.
    Epicalyx
    Epicalyx of 7–10 bracts; bracts 3–5 mm. long, narrowly linear.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–7 mm. long, 5-lobed, pubescent; lobes ovate-lanceolate, slightly joined at the base.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 12 × 8 mm., obovate, pubescent.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube 4·5 mm. long; free parts of filaments 0·5 mm. long.
    Style
    Style-branches 2–2·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule 6–10 mm. in diam., depressed-globose, 5-angled, hispid with long hairs on the angles.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 × 1·5 mm., nearly glabrous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Kosteletzkya adoensis (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Mast. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13566], Cameroon K000580035
    Dec 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [2028], Cameroon K000746368
    Dec 1, 2003 Biye, E. [106], Cameroon K000746367
    Nov 1, 2003 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8449], Cameroon K000105070
    Nov 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [9439], Cameroon K000198163
    Nov 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4039], Cameroon K000198162
    Jan 1, 2003 Maitland, T.D. [1235], Cameroon K000105289
    Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2328], Cameroon K000337678
    Dec 1, 2000 Kamundi, D. [701], Cameroon K000337673
    May 1, 2000 Maisels, F. [180], Cameroon K000337672
    Feb 1, 1999 Onana, J.-M. [538 A], Cameroon K000337674
    Mar 1, 1997 Cheek, M. [8468], Cameroon K000337676
    Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [791], Cameroon K000337675
    Mar 1, 1997 Buzgo, M. [601], Cameroon K000337677
    Nov 1, 1995 Sanford, W.W. [5422], Cameroon K000105046
    Nov 1, 1995 Sanford, W.W. [5550], Cameroon K000105047
    Jan 1, 1995 Thomas, D.W. [2618], Cameroon K000105049
    Jan 1, 1995 Thomas, D.W. [2618], Cameroon K000105050
    Jan 1, 1980 Hepper, F.N. [2140], Cameroon K000105041
    Jan 1, 1980 Akpabla, G.K. [10487], Cameroon K000105040
    Jan 1, 1980 Maitland, T.D. [224], Cameroon K000105044
    Jan 1, 1980 Boughey, A.S. [GC 10417], Cameroon K000105048
    Jan 1, 1980 Lightbody, J.S. [FHI 26278], Cameroon K000105042
    Jan 1, 1980 Schimper [341], Ethiopia K000240517 isotype
    Jan 1, 1980 Schimper [1863], Ethiopia K000240520 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1980 Baron, R. [893], Madagascar K000240508 syntype
    Jan 1, 1980 Parker, G.W. [s.n.], Madagascar K000240509
    Jan 1, 1980 Hochreutiner, B. P. G. [s.n.], Madagascar K000240510 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1980 Dillon, L. [294], Ethiopia K000240519
    Jan 1, 1980 Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10816], Cameroon K000105045
    Oct 5, 1842 unknown [341], Ethiopia K000240516
    Hepper, F.N. [1984], Cameroon K000105031
    Maitland, T.D. [1238], Cameroon K000105034
    Maitland, T.D. [821], Cameroon K000105035
    Boughey, A.S. [GC 11124], Cameroon K000105039
    Hutchinson, J. [13], Cameroon K000105043
    Schimper [341], Ethiopia K000240518
    Breteler, F.J. [209], Cameroon K000105033
    Dunlap [55], Cameroon K000105037
    Dunlap [35], Cameroon K000105036
    Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30208], Cameroon K000105038

    Bibliography

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 192 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in F.T.A.1: 194 (1868).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Fl. Eth. & Eritr. 2(2): 215 (1995).
    • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 2: 379 (1983)
    • F.P.U.: 55 (1975)
    • U.K.W.F.: 200, fig. (1974)
    • F.C.B. 10: 137, fig. 14 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1:474 (1961)
    • E.P.A.: 570 (1959)
    • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 349 (1958)
    • Fl. Madagascar, Fam. 129: 108, fig. 27.1–3 (1955)
    • F.P.N.A.: 602 (1948), excl. specim. Bequaert 5478
    • T.T.C.L. 5(1): 112 (1940)
    • Exell & Mendonça, C.F.A. 1(1): 158 (1937)
    • N.B.G.B. 8:683 (1924)
    • V.E. 3(2): 405, fig. 186 A, B (fr.) (1921)
    • P.O.A.: 268 (1895)
    • Oliver, F.T.A. 1: 194 (1868)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0