1. Family: Marantaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Marantochloa Brongn. ex Gris
      1. Marantochloa leucantha (K.Schum.) Milne-Redh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Marantaceae, E. Milne-Redhead. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

    Habit
    Stems up to 4.0 m. high but often much less, branched.
    Leaves
    Leaves homo-tropic; sheathing part of petiole up to 24 cm. long; terete part below the calloused part less than 1 cm. long; calloused part up to 2.0 cm. long; leaf-blade strongly asymmetric, the acumen normally being to the right of the midrib as seen from above, ± ovate, up to 25 x 14 cm., often much smaller, sometimes purplish below.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lax, up to 30 cm. long, branched; rhachis and bracts green; primary bract 2.5–3.5 cm. long, spreading with the pedunculate cymules in anthesis; flowers creamy or greenish-white, about 0.7 cm. long; ovary shortly pilose.
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose, about 9 mm. in diameter, glabrescent, glossy, bright red or creamy white, the withered perianth deciduous; seed as in Fig. 1/4A, p. 3, brownish or greyish with an aril.
    Figures
    Fig. 1/4 and 4A, p. 3.
    Habitat
    Clearings and secondary growth in rain-forest; 750–1200 m.
    Distribution
    Sierra Leone to Angola, Belgian Congo and A.-E. Sudan T1 T3 T6 U2 U4
    [FWTA]

    Marantaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    More or less scrambling herb up to 12 ft. high, often much less
    Leaves
    Rather large leaves
    Stem
    Swollen nodes
    Inflorescences
    Branched inflorescences
    Flowers
    Flowers whitish
    Fruits
    Fruits whitish or reddish
    Seeds
    Seeds black
    Ecology
    In forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Marantochloa leucantha (K.Schum.) Milne-Redh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2006 Etuge, M. [5293], Cameroon K000339847
    Sep 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [5426], Cameroon K000746153
    Jan 1, 2004 Ghogue, J.-P. [1107], Cameroon K000213082
    Mar 1, 2002 Balding, S. [87], Cameroon K000025790
    Jun 1, 2001 Lane, P. [161], Cameroon K000107624
    Jun 1, 2001 Lane, P. [278], Cameroon K000107625
    Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [6036], Cameroon K000107608
    Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7118], Cameroon K000107620
    Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [6038], Cameroon K000107623
    Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7537], Cameroon K000107616
    Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [10243], Cameroon K000107627
    Jun 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9397], Cameroon K000107630
    Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3476], Cameroon K000107606
    Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [3759], Cameroon K000107607
    Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2810], Cameroon K000107612
    Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2442], Cameroon K000107614
    Jun 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2713], Cameroon K000107626
    Jun 1, 2001 Kenfack, D. [314], Cameroon K000107609
    Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2081], Cameroon K000107610
    Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1435], Cameroon K000107618
    Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4075], Cameroon K000107628
    Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4182], Cameroon K000107629
    Jun 1, 2001 Groves, M. [101], Cameroon K000107619
    Jun 1, 2001 Groves, M. [30], Cameroon K000107622
    Jun 1, 2001 Sidwell, K. [311], Cameroon K000107611
    Jun 1, 2001 Williams, S. [149], Cameroon K000107621
    Jun 1, 2001 Ryan, P. [218], Cameroon K000107613
    Jun 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [598], Cameroon K000107615
    Jun 1, 2001 Schoenenberger, J. [29], Cameroon K000107617
    Jan 1, 1997 Watts, J. [1048], Cameroon K000086630
    Jan 1, 1997 Acworth, J.M. [261], Cameroon K000086624
    Jan 1, 1997 Sonké, B. [1040], Cameroon K000093807
    Jan 1, 1997 Ekema, N. [913], Cameroon K000086629
    Jan 1, 1997 Ekema, N. [1088], Cameroon K000086623
    Jan 1, 1997 Ekema, N. [910], Cameroon K000086625
    Jan 1, 1997 Pouakouyou, D. [71], Cameroon K000086628
    Jan 1, 1997 Akogo, M. [289], Cameroon K000086626
    Jan 1, 1997 Akogo, M. [172], Cameroon K000086627
    Apr 1, 1995 Cheek, M. [5635], Cameroon K000086615
    Apr 1, 1995 Cable, S. [657], Cameroon K000086620
    Jan 1, 1995 Harris, D.J. [3823], Cameroon K000086614
    Jan 1, 1995 Baker, W.J. [225], Cameroon K000086621
    Jan 1, 1995 Cable, S. [299], Cameroon K000086618
    Jan 1, 1995 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [930], Cameroon K000086617
    Jan 1, 1995 von Rege, I. [27], Cameroon K000086619
    Apr 1, 1994 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1478], Cameroon K000086631
    Jan 1, 1994 Thomas, D.W. [9522-n1], Cameroon K000086622
    Jan 1, 1994 Tekwe, C. [98], Cameroon K000086616
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1114], Cameroon K000011049
    Jan 1, 1992 Jaff, B. [81], Cameroon K000011080
    Jan 1, 1992 Jaff, B. [269], Cameroon K000011081
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8764], Nigeria 10047.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8764], Nigeria 10048.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8764], Nigeria 23516.000
    Verdcourt, B. [193], Tanzania 18155.000
    Gillett, J.B. [15281], Nigeria 23752.000
    Dawkins, H.C. [539], Uganda 10049.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1831], Tanzania 18156.000
    Darko, K.O. [386], Ghana 18154.000
    Eggeling, W.M. [5715], Uganda 17121.000
    Lumsden, R., Uganda 18153.000
    Preuss. [495], Cameroon K000099656 Unknown type material
    Pollard, B.J. [99], Cameroon K000107668

    First published in Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 83: 19 (1950)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Cabezas, F.J., De la Estrella, M., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2005). Marantaceae of Equatorial Guinea Annales Botanici Fennici 42: 173-184.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.E.A. Marantac.: 6 (1952).
    • in Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 83: 19 (1950)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cabezas, F.J., De la Estrella, M., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2005). Marantaceae of Equatorial Guinea Annales Botanici Fennici 42: 173-184.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Milne-Redh. in Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique 83: 19 (1950).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/