1. Family: Menispermaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissampelos L.
      1. Cissampelos owariensis P.Beauv. ex DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Liane with stem and branchlets more or less densely pubescent, rarely puberulous, sometimes ultimately glabrescent; indumentum normally composed of spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina broadly ovate, generally suborbicular and angular (with the angles more or less prominent) or broadly triangular, truncate, rounded or subcordate at the base, obtuse and mucronulate at the apex, with variable indumentum, very rarely glabrous beneath, basal nerves 5–7, palmate, petiole 4–16 cm. long, inserted 0.8–2 cm. from the base of the lamina.
    Inflorescences
    Male inflorescences with sepals 1–1.5 x 0–7–1.2 mm., hairy outside; corolla 1–1.2 mm. long, cup-shaped. Male inflorescences up to 40 cm. long; cymules with pubescent peduncles 0.5–3 cm. long. Female inflorescences up to 35 cm. long; bracts up to 4 cm. in diam., suborbicular or reniform, mucronulate, hairy, long-ciliolate; pedicels 1–1.2 mm. long.
    Male
    Male inflorescences with sepals 1–1.5 x 0–7–1.2 mm., hairy outside; corolla 1–1.2 mm. long, cup-shaped. Male inflorescences up to 40 cm. long; cymules with pubescent peduncles 0.5–3 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Female flowers with sepal 1.2–2 x 0.7–1 mm.; petals 1–1.2 x 1–1.2 mm., truncate or subreniform; carpel 1–1.3 mm. long, hairy.
    Female
    Female flowers with sepal 1.2–2 x 0.7–1 mm.; petals 1–1.2 x 1–1.2 mm., truncate or subreniform; carpel 1–1.3 mm. long, hairy. Female inflorescences up to 35 cm. long; bracts up to 4 cm. in diam., suborbicular or reniform, mucronulate, hairy, long-ciliolate; pedicels 1–1.2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupe 4–6 x 4–5 mm., hairy.
    [FTEA]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Liane with stem and branchlets ± densely hairy-pubescent, rarely hairy and puberulous, sometimes ultimately glabrescent; indumentum normally composed of spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petiole 4–16 cm. long inserted 0.8–2 cm. from the base of the blade; blade broadly ovate, generally suborbicular and angular (with the angles more or less prominent) or broadly triangular, truncate or rounded or subcordate at base, obtuse and mucronulate at apex, with variable indumentum, very rarely glabrous beneath; basal nerves 5–7, palmate.
    Male
    Male inflorescences up to 40 cm. long; cymules with pubescent peduncles 0.5–3 cm. long. Male flowers with sepals 1–1.5 mm. long and 0.7–1.2 mm. wide, hairy outside; corolla cup-shaped, 1–1.2 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescences up to 35 cm. long; bracts suborbicular or reniform, up to 4 cm. in diameter, mucronulate, hairy, longly ciliolate; pedicels 1–1.2 mm. long. Male inflorescences up to 40 cm. long; cymules with pubescent peduncles 0.5–3 cm. long.
    Female
    Female inflorescences up to 35 cm. long; bracts suborbicular or reniform, up to 4 cm. in diameter, mucronulate, hairy, longly ciliolate; pedicels 1–1.2 mm. long. Female flowers with sepal 1.2–2 mm. long and 0.7–1 mm. wide; petal truncate or subreniform, 1–1.2 mm. long and wide; carpel 1–1.3 mm. long, hairy.
    Flowers
    Female flowers with sepal 1.2–2 mm. long and 0.7–1 mm. wide; petal truncate or subreniform, 1–1.2 mm. long and wide; carpel 1–1.3 mm. long, hairy. Male flowers with sepals 1–1.5 mm. long and 0.7–1.2 mm. wide, hairy outside; corolla cup-shaped, 1–1.2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupes 4–6 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, hairy.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest and riverine forest, up to 900 m.
    Distribution
    from Sierra Leone to the Belgian Congo, Angola and Northern Rhodesia T6 T7 T8
    [FWTA]

    Menispermaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A twiner
    Ecology
    Mainly in secondary growth in forest regions
    Inflorescences
    Female inflorescence with greenish-white bracts, and red fruits.
    Female
    Female inflorescence with greenish-white bracts, and red fruits.
    [FTEA]

    Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Twining liane; branchlets with long yellow pubescence.
    Leaves
    Leaves with petioles 2.5–3.5 cm. long densely pubescent with yellow-tawny hairs and inserted 1–1.5 cm. from the base of the blade; blade broadly ovate, truncate to subcordate at base, longly acute to mucronate at apex with margins entire or slightly sinuate, 10–14 cm. long, 7.5–11 cm. wide, sparsely pubescent to glabrescent above, pubescent beneath especially on the nerves, densely ciliolate; basal nerves 7–11, palmate.
    Inflorescences
    Male inflorescences and flowers unknown. Female inflorescences 10–13 cm. long; bracts subsessile, broadly ovate, sometimes subpeltate, acuminate and acute at apex, 1.5–2 cm. long, 1–1.8 cm. wide, pubescent and densely ciliolate; pedicels 1–1.5 cm. long.
    Male
    Male inflorescences and flowers unknown.
    Flowers
    Female flowers with 1 or rarely 2 sepals 0.8–1 mm. long; petal transversely elliptic, slightly pubescent; carpel about 1 mm. long; ovary pubescent.
    Female
    Female flowers with 1 or rarely 2 sepals 0.8–1 mm. long; petal transversely elliptic, slightly pubescent; carpel about 1 mm. long; ovary pubescent. Female inflorescences 10–13 cm. long; bracts subsessile, broadly ovate, sometimes subpeltate, acuminate and acute at apex, 1.5–2 cm. long, 1–1.8 cm. wide, pubescent and densely ciliolate; pedicels 1–1.5 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Drupes 4.5–7 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6–8 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Unknown
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zaïre

    Cissampelos owariensis P.Beauv. ex DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [7168], Cameroon K000212671
    Jun 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [10379], Cameroon K000212674
    Jan 1, 1994 Tekwe, C. [400], Cameroon K000518557
    May 1, 1975 Letouzey, R. [13667], Cameroon K000105666
    Maitland, T.D. [635], Cameroon K000105667
    Maitland, T.D. [635], Cameroon K000105668
    Maitland, T.D. [635], Cameroon K000105669
    Jan 1, 1984 Stolz, A. [1600], Tanzania Cissampelos insignis K000230173
    Stolz, A. [1600], Tanzania Cissampelos insignis K000230172 holotype
    Stolz, A. [1600], Tanzania Cissampelos insignis K000230171 isotype
    Stolz, A. [1600], Tanzania Cissampelos insignis K000230170
    Jan 1, 1954 Schweinfurth, G. [79], Zaïre Cissampelos macrosepala K000230179
    Jan 1, 1954 Schweinfurth, G. [79], Zaïre Cissampelos macrosepala K000230178

    First published in Prodr. 1: 100 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (1956). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Menispermaceae: 1-32.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 128.
    • -Diels in Engl. Pflanzenr. Menisp. 302
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0