1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Alternanthera Forssk.
      1. Alternanthera nodiflora R.Br.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Australia.

    [FWTA]

    Amaranthaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Decumbent herb, often with woody rootstock
    Flowers
    Flowers white.
    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    (Annual? or) perennial herb with a stout vertical rootstock, prostrate to ascending or erect, frequently rooting at the lower nodes, slightly to considerably branched from the base outwards, mostly 12–40 cm.
    Stem
    Stem and branches green to purplish brown, terete below and ± tetragonous above, with a narrow line of whitish hairs down each side of the stem and branches (at least when young) and tufts of white hairs in the branch and leaf-axils, otherwise glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear to narrowly elliptic, 2–7 × 0.3–1.2 cm., acute to subacute at the apex, attenuate below, glabrous or occasionally thinly pilose when young; petiole indistinct or absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sessile, axillary, solitary or in clusters of up to ± 5, globose, ± 7–10 mm. in diameter, often meshing with one another and those of the opposite leaf-axil to form a dense mass; bracts scarious, white, ovate-acuminate, (2–)2.25 × 2.75 mm., mucronate with the excurrent pale midrib, glabrous; bracteoles ovate-lanceolate, slightly longer mucronate, (2–)2.25–2.5 mm., glabrous.
    Tepal
    Tepals ovate-acuminate, tapering from below the middle (in smaller forms less long-pointed and tapering from about the middle), (2.75–)3–4 mm., white to pink tinged, glabrous, shortly mucronate with the excurrent nerve, the margins often obscurely lacerate-denticulate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5 (2 filaments anantherous), at anthesis subequalling the ovary and style, the alternating pseudostaminodes resembling the filaments but a little shorter.
    Ovary
    Ovary strongly compressed, roundish.
    Style
    Style very short.
    Fruits
    Fruit obcordate, 2–2.5 mm. wide, 1.75–2 mm. long, about half as long as the perianth, strongly compressed, glabrous, with broad tumid yellow margins and darker over the seed.
    Seeds
    Seed discoid, ± 1.25–1.5 mm., brown, shining, faintly reticulate.
    Habitat
    Always in damp (at least seasonally) ground, in gravel pit, by pools and rivers, one record from irrigated land; mostly on sand, but also on cracking clay; 760–1370 m.
    Distribution
    T3 T5 T7 throughout Australia and tropical and South Africanaturalised in Taiwan, Japan and probably elsewhere
    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    (Annual? or) perennial herb with a stout vertical rootstock, prostrate to ascending or erect, frequently rooting at the lower nodes, slightly to considerably branched from the base outwards, mostly 12–40 cm.
    Stem
    Stem and branches green to purplish-brown, terete below and more or less tetragonous above, with a narrow line of whitish hairs down each side of the stem and branches (at least when young) and tufts of white hairs in the branch and leaf axils, otherwise glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear to narrowly elliptic, 2–7 × 0.3–1.2 cm., acute to subacute at the apex, attenuate below, glabrous or occasionally thinly pilose when young; petiole indistinct or absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences sessile, axillary, solitary or in clusters of up to c. 5, globose, c. 7–10 mm. in diam., often meshing with one another and those of the opposite leaf axil to form a dense mass; bracts scarious, white, ovate-acuminate, mucronate with the excurrent pale midrib, glabrous, (2) 2.25–2.75 mm. long; bracteoles ovate-lanceolate, slightly more longly mucronate, (2)2.25–2.5 mm. long, glabrous.
    Tepal
    Tepals ovate-acuminate, tapering from below the middle (in smaller forms less long-pointed and tapering from about the middle), (2.75)3–4 mm. long, white to pink-tinged, glabrous, shortly mucronate with the excurrent nerve, the margins often obscurely lacerate-denticulate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5 (2 filaments anantherous), at anthesis subequalling the filaments and style, the alternating pseudostaminodes resembling the filaments but a little shorter.
    Pistil
    Ovary strongly compressed, roundish, the style very short.
    Fruits
    Fruit glabrous, obcordate, 1.75–2 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, about half as long as the perianth or rather more with tumid yellow margins on each side of the seed much thicker than the narrow keel, darker over the seed.
    Seeds
    Seed discoid, c. 1.25–1.5 mm. in diam., brown, shining, faintly reticulate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Japan, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Alternanthera nodiflora R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drummond [s.n.], Australia K000357357
    Wallich [s.n.], Australia K000357358
    Schomburgk, R. [203], Australia K000357348
    Cunningham, A. [s.n.], Australia K000357282
    Mueller, F. [s.n.], Australia K000357359
    Mueller, F. [s.n.], Australia K000357360
    illegible [s.n.], Australia K000939242
    Oldfield [s.n.], Australia K000357361
    Brown, R. [3066], Australia K000939241
    Hann, W. [202], Australia K000357351
    Stuart, C., Australia K000357347
    Bidwill [119], Australia K000357355
    Bidwill [119], Australia K000357356
    leg.ign. [s.n.], Australia K000357350
    McDougal Stuart [234], Australia K000357349
    Major Mitchell [s.n.], Australia K000357352
    Major Mitchell [s.n.], Australia K000357354
    Dr Beckler [s.n.], Australia K000357353

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 417 (1810)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Alternanthera sessilis.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 73.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Townsend, C.C. (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Amaranthaceae: 1-136.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Berhaut, J. (1971). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 1: 1-626. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cavaco in Mém Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. B, 13: 160 (1962).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 74 (1953).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 74 (1951).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 115 (1950).
    • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 244 (1932).
    • J. G. Baker & C. B. Clarke in Flora of Tropical Africa 6(1): 73 (1909).
    • R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 417 (1810).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0