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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Queensland.

[FZ]

Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen tree 6–15 m. tall.
Morphology General Bark
Bark rough, dark.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 13 x 5 cm., elliptic or oblanceolate-elliptic, apex subacuminate or shortly acuminate, base cuneate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a lateral, lax panicle, mostly borne in the axils of fallen leaves on older stems, very rarely also axillary or terminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle (including pseudopedicel) + calyx c. 0·5 cm. long; calyx + upper receptacle 0·2 cm. long; filaments 0·5–0·6 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 2·4 x 2 cm., ellipsoid or subglobose.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 150 - 2430 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol

[FTEA]

Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous evergreen tree or large shrub, 6–25 m tall with spreading crown; outer bark pale yellow brown, white or grey, densely thinly flaky (described as rough or smooth); inner bark rough, thick and fibrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shiny, mostly very regularly oblong-elliptic but can be elliptic, oblanceolate-elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, 6–17(–20) cm long, 2.5–8.5 cm wide, acuminate to a rounded tip which is often down-curved, cuneate at the base; ± coriaceous; main lateral nerves numerous and close, ± 40; petiole 0.8–2 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes terminal and axillary, or mostly lateral borne in the axils of fallen leaves on older stems, about 10 cm long; flowers drying pale orange-brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx often drying orange-brown, obconic, 4–5 mm long, 3–4 mm wide, very obscurely 4(–5)-lobed, practically truncate, rim orange.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, elliptic, 4 mm long, 3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens white, 4–6 mm long with very slender filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 5–6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits dark purple-red, broadly ellipsoid, oblong or subglobose, often somewhat curved, 2.4–3.5(–5) cm long, 2 cm wide (2x1 cm dry), crowned by 2 mm diameter calyx-rim, 1-seeded (rarely 2–5-seeded or seedless in some varieties); pulp white, acid.
Habitat
Native plots, plantation edges, seashore and coastal bush and savanas on coral rock, more or less naturalised in some coastal areas; 0–1650 m
Distribution
K4 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 U4 Z India, Sri Lanka to S China, Malesia and Pacificcultivated throughout tropics and often naturalised

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Belize, Bolivia, Caroline Is., Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Kenya, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, New Caledonia, Panamá, Philippines, Society Is., Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 1, 2008 Hamilton, M.A. [318], Montserrat 65315.000
Harrison, S.G. [1788], Guyana 14464.000
Faulkner, H. [2752], Tanzania 33311.000
Pennington, T.D. [17080], Peru 73405.000
Worthington, T.B. [6407], Sri Lanka K000276778
Tso, C.L. [23006], Hainan K000793873 isotype
Welch, J.R. [261], Tanzania K000684211
Dorr, L.J. [3258], Madagascar K000383233
Wallich, N. [3562], India K000821377
Wallich, N. [3562], India K000821378
Mueller-Dombois, D. [68091108], Sri Lanka K000276779
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000821376
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K000821373
Roxburgh, R. [s.n.], India K000821369
Roxburgh, R. [s.n.], India K000821370
s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000800141
s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa K000800142
s.coll. [s.n.], Lesser Sunda Is. K000800143
s.coll. [21], India K000821372
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000821375
s.coll. [17], India K000821374
Harmann [s.n.], India K000821371
Barthelat, F. [718], Mayotte Eugenia cumini K001001442
Barthelat, F. [617], Mayotte Eugenia cumini K001001443
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3552] Syzygium obovatum K001119701
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 3552], Bangladesh Syzygium obovatum K001119702
Ekman, E.L. [H10705], Haiti Eugenia odorata K001002604
Ekman, E.L. [8633], Haiti Eugenia odorata K001002605
Ekman, E.L. [H3984], Haiti Eugenia odorata K001002606
Leonard, E.C. [15027], Haiti Eugenia odorata K001002607
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119725
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119726
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119728
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119729
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3562] Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119730
Noton, E. [Cat. no. 3562], India Syzygium caryophyllifolium K001119727
Roxburgh, R. [s.n.], India Syzygium fruticosum K000821368
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3559] Syzygium fruticosum K001119714
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 3559], Bangladesh Syzygium fruticosum K001119715
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3559] Syzygium fruticosum K001119712
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3559] Syzygium fruticosum K001119713
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3559] Syzygium fruticosum K001119716
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3570], India Syzygium tenue K001119752
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3560], Nepal Syzygium jambolanum K001119723
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 3560], India Syzygium jambolanum K001119719
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3560] Syzygium jambolanum K001119718
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3560] Syzygium jambolanum K001119717
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3560], India Syzygium jambolanum K001119720
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3560], India Syzygium jambolanum K001119721
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3560] Syzygium jambolanum K001119722

First published in Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 248: 25 (1912)

Accepted by

  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Soh, W.K. & Parnell, J. (2015). A revision of Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) in Indochina (Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) Adansonia, sér. 3, 37: 179-275.
  • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu Blumea 58: 53-67.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.427.2.2/38099 epublication.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Byng, J.W. & al. (2016). Revision of Eugenia and Syzygium (Myrtaceae) from the Comoro archipelago Phytotaxa 252: 162-184.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Tuiwawa, S.H., Craven, L.A., Sam, C. & Crisp, M.D. (2013). The genus Syzygium (Myrtaceae) in Vanuatu Blumea 58: 53-67.
  • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2009). Flora Mesoamericana 4(1): 1-855. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Holst, B.K. (2008). Personal communication on Myratceae 8 SEL.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 127 (1994).
  • J.F. Morton, Fruits Warm Climates: 375, pl. 52 (1987).
  • Ashton in Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 2: 443 (1981).
  • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 4: 203 (1978).
  • Amshoff in Fl. Gabon 11: 17 (1966).
  • Dale, Introd. Trees Uganda: 66 (1953).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 379 (1949).
  • Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.): 116 (1931).
  • Skeels in U.S. Dept. Agric. Bur. Pl. Indust. Bull. 248: 25 (1912).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/