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  1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Brownleea Harv. ex Lindl.
      1. Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to N. Kenya, S. Tanzania to S. Africa, Central Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb perennating by testicular tubers. Plants erect, 20–60 cm tall, occasionally with fibrous leaf remains around the stem base.
    Leaf sheaths
    Basal sheath 4–12 cm long, muricate or scabrid.
    Leaves
    Leaves (2)3(5), grading into the floral bracts, bases sheathing; blades semi-erect, 8–20 cm long, narrowly lanceolate, very acute to acuminate, midrib and often the side-veins prominent beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 4–12 cm long, densely 20–60-flowered.
    Bracts
    Floral bracts longer than the flowers, narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, acuminate.
    Flowers
    Flowers white with a slight green or brownish tint.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal galeate; galea (2)3–5 mm tall, 1.5–2 mm wide and 0.8–1 mm deep, ovate, acuminate, falcate in side view. Lateral sepals oblique, (2)3–5 mm long, oblong, acute, the bases frequently fused.
    Spur
    Spur horizontal at the base, soon sharply down-curved, 3–5 mm long, cylindric, frequently clavate.
    Corolla
    Petals (1.5)2.5–3.5 mm long, oblong to almost square, obliquely acute.
    Labellum
    Lip minute, 0.5–1 mm long.
    Rostellum
    Rostellum c. 1 mm tall; lateral lobes canaliculate; staminodes almost as tall as the lateral lobes.
    Anthers
    Anther reflexed.
    Stigma
    Stigma almost horizontal.
    Ovary
    Ovary 5–10 mm long.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    A terrestrial herb 2–6.5 dm. high, glabrous except at the base.
    Tubers
    Tubers ellipsoid, 1–3 cm. long, 6–18 mm. in diameter, glabrous or ± densely tomentose.
    Roots
    Roots flexuous, pubescent.
    Stem
    Stem erect, slender, terete, distantly leafy, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–6, the lowest 1 or 2 closely sheathing, brownish, ± chaffy, covered with stiff spreading hairs, the next 1 or 2 erect, lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, acute, up to 7–22 cm. long and 0.5–2.5(–3.5) cm. broad, the uppermost much smaller, similar to the bracts, all the upper ones glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence cylindrical, 3.5–16 cm. long, l.5–2(–2.5) cm. in diameter, very densely many-flowered.
    Bracts
    Bracts narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, acuminate, 0.5–3.5 cm. long, the lower ones, and sometimes most of the others, longer than the flowers.
    Flowers
    Flowers suberect, white to lilac, mauve or violet, or marked with these colours on a white base; ovary almost sessile (pedicel very short), 4–6 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal erect or incurved, lanceolate, convex, running out into a recurved spur below the middle at the back, 3.5–5.5 mm. long, ± 2 mm. broad when spread out, from base to apex of spur 4–7 mm. long, the spur cylindrical or slightly widened from a narrower base; laterals spreading downwards, oblong-lanceolate or oblong-oblanceolate, acute, joined together at first but becoming almost free later, 3- 4.5 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. broad.
    Corolla
    Petals erect, adherent to the dorsal sepal along their back margins, obliquely triangular-quadrate, rounded or obtuse, 2.5–4 mm. long, ± 2 mm. broad.
    Labellum
    Lip very small, linear or oblong, obtuse, turned up in front of the stigma, ± 1 mm. long and 0.3 mm. broad.
    Column
    Column very short; anther horizontal, 1–1.5 mm. long, auricles erect, rugulose; stigma suborbicular, ± 1 mm. in diameter, rostellum erect, rather fleshy, notched in the upper part with the 2 viscidia on each side of the notch.
    Figures
    Fig. 32.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland especially in damp places; 1600–2750 m.
    Distribution
    K1 T2 T4 T7 T8 Cameroon Mt., Malawi southwards to eastern Cape Province of South Africa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 21, 1963 Mann, G. [N2120], Cameroon K000416050 holotype
    Feb 21, 1963 Preuss [973], Cameroon K000416049 Unknown type material
    Zimbabwe 42999.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10326], Tanzania 9401.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10390], Tanzania 9402.000
    Wild, H. [4472], Mozambique 26741.000
    Richards, H.M. [13791], Tanzania 21062.000
    Robinson, E.A. [4477], Malawi 21063.000
    Williamson, G. [294], Zambia 11887.010
    Cribb, P. [10827], Tanzania 36779.000
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [4711], South Africa K000416061 Unknown type material
    Tyson, W. [1080], South Africa K000416062
    Hutton, H. [s.n.], South Africa K000416064
    Brownlee, J. [s.n.], South Africa K000416063
    Stolz, A. [1178], Tanzania Brownleea gracilis K000416046 syntype
    Stolz, A. [1981] Brownleea gracilis K000416047 syntype
    Stolz, A. [2580] Brownleea gracilis K000416048 syntype

    Bibliography

    First published in London J. Bot. 1: 16 (1842)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.
    • Cribb, P., Hermans, J. & Rakotoarinivo, M. (2009). Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar: 1-456. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 417.
    • B. alpina (Hook. f.) N. E. Br. in F.T.A. 7: 287 (1898)
    • in Hook., Lond. J. Bot. 1: 16 (1842)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 201(1968).
    • Summerh. in Kew Bulletin 20: 169 (1966)
    • Rolfe in Dyer, Fl. Cap. 5 (3): 200 (1913).
    • Bolus, Ic. Orch. Austr.-Afr. 1, t. 43 (1893).
    • Lindl. in Hook., Lond. Journ. Bot. 1: 16 (1842).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0