1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Disperis Sw.
      1. Disperis dicerochila Summerh.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Terrestrial herb 7–24 cm tall; stem purplish; tubers 1–3 cm long, ellipsoid or globose, densely hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2, opposite, 1.5–5.5 × 1–3.5 cm, ovate, acute, usually cordate at base, dark green, sometimes purplish beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1–3-flowered; flowers pale to deep mauve-pink, occasionally almost white, with purple marks inside hood.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Ovary and pedicel c. 12 mm long.
    Bracts
    Bracts leaf-like, of similar length.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal 7–11 mm long, linear-lanceolate, joined to petals to form an open hood. Lateral sepals ± free, 7–10 × 4–8 mm, obliquely ovate, acute, each with a sac-like spur 1.5–2 mm long.
    Corolla
    Petals 7–10 × 3.5–4 mm, lobed on free margin.
    Labellum
    Lip 7–9 mm long; claw linear; limb short, reflexed at the apex with 2 appendages at the point of reflexion; appendages 2-lobed, the upper lobe long with a papillate apex, the lower lobe short and recurved.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Glabrous herb, 6–26 cm. tall, arising from a densely hairy ellipsoid or almost round tuber 1–3 cm. long, 0.6–1.2 cm. wide.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2, opposite, sheathing at the base, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 1.5–5 cm. long, 1–3.4 cm. wide, acute or shortly acuminate, rounded or almost cordate above the sheath, often purplish beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 1–3-flowered; flowers white often tinged rose or purple or entirely magenta; bracts leaf-like, lanceolate, 0.7–2.6 cm. long, 0.3–1.1 cm. wide, acuminate.
    Calyx
    Intermediate sepal narrowly linear-lanceolate, 0.7–1.1 cm. long, joined to the petals to form an open boat-shaped hood; lateral sepals rhomboid-ovate, 0.7–1 cm. long, 4–7.5 mm. wide, acute, practically free, bearing obtuse sacs 1.5–2 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals B-shaped or elliptic, slightly curved, 0.7–1 cm. long, 3.5–4 mm. wide, obtuse.
    Labellum
    Lip 7–9 mm. long, with long claw bearing a short reflexed limb at apex together with 2 appendages each with the upper lobule elongate and narrowed to a papillate apex and the lower lobule shorter, recurved and usually auriculate.
    Figures
    Fig. 40, p. 224.
    Habitat
    On leaf-litter, mossy branches, rocks etc. in upland rain-forest; sometimes persisting in Cupressus plantations; 1650–2600 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T7 T8 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Disperis dicerochila Summerh. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Holmes, W.D. [0239], Malawi 21080.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8906], Tanzania 18545.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [2691], Kenya 31157.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [6353], Kenya 21081.000
    Eggeling, W.J. [1382], Uganda K000306669 Unknown type material
    Polhill, R. [1530B], Tanzania 24912.000
    Polhill, R. [1785], Tanzania 26919.000
    Williamson, G. [277], Zambia 33915.000
    Lucas, G.Ll. [225], Kenya 31123.000
    Cribb, P. [10587], Tanzania 35744.000
    Cribb, P. [10746], Tanzania 35748.000
    Leedal [627], Tanzania 36255.000
    Bridson, D. [419], Rwanda 41489.000
    Congdon, T.C.E. [152], Tanzania 52296.000
    Sellow, Kenya 9427.000

    First published in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 33: t. 3272 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Kurzweil, H. & Manning, J.C. (2005). A synopsis of the genus Disperis Sw. (Orchidaceae) Adansonia, III, 27: 155-207.
    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Summerh. in Hook., Ic. Pl. 33, t. 3272 (1935).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0